Glossary (Version 8.4)

Wood from broadleaved or angiosperm trees such as oak, ash, gum, jarrah.

A method of generating output of a fixed length that is used as a shorthand reference to larger amounts of data. Used extensively to speed up searching, or when a size of data being used becomes cumbersome. Hashing is especially useful in cryptography as a means of reliably and securely obscuring input for communication. A hashing algorithm is deterministic – it always produces the same output for any given input – ensuring that data retrieval and use are reliable.

A state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity (World Health Organization 1948).

Dietary patterns that aim to promote health and wellbeing, including types and amounts of foods and food groups that reduce the risk of diet-related conditions and chronic disease (National Health and Medical Research Council 2013).

One of the first coding systems (or languages) designed to be used for web-page files so that an internet browser can efficiently display a page and elements for that page such as text, links and media in the intended position. There are newer versions of this language and alternative markup languages.

A set of rules or standards for transferring files and messages on the World Wide Web, specifically to allow linking of files and text (see file transfer protocol). It provides a standard for web browsers to render pages (that is, to present them in an intended form) and servers to communicate.