Glossary (Version 8.4)

In history, a way of making sense of the past based on a selection of events. There are different types of narrative such as accounts of the past that relate a story (for example, personal, fictitious) and historical recounts (for example, the course of events during the Second World War).

The name given by the High Court of Australia to Indigenous property rights recognised by the court in the Mabo judgement (3 June 1992). The Mabo judgement overthrew the concept of terra nullius – that the land of Australia had belonged to no-one when the British arrived in 1788.

Vegetation that has evolved in an area over time.

In economics and business, a good or service that consumers consider necessary to maintain their standard of living.

A group that is organised at a local, national or international level around a common interest and on a non-profit, voluntary basis. NGOs mostly operate independently of a government, but when funded by a government, still maintain their independence.

A business that uses surplus funds to achieve its goals rather than distribute these funds to the owners. These often exist in the form of charities, service organisations and clubs.

In geography, those resources that cannot be renewed, for example, minerals. Soils that have been degraded can only be renewed over long timescales. Also see environmental resources.