Glossary (Version 8.4)

Information that is directly recorded, which can be quantitative or qualitative.

In economics and business, an amount of a good or service that consumers are willing and able to purchase at a particular point in time.

A system of government where power is vested in the people, who may exercise it directly or through elected representatives, and who may remove and replace their political leaders and government in free and fair regular elections.

As described in the Australian Curriculum: History, a detailed study of specific aspects of a historical period, for example, a particular society, event, movement or development. It gives students an opportunity to develop and apply concepts and skills of historical inquiry. A depth study commonly employs investigation of a range of sources, and may include site and museum visits.

Economic, social and political changes that improve the wellbeing of people.

Software programs that draw maps.

Data generated in a computer, that is, digital audio, digital video, the World Wide Web and other technologies.

People participating in person and directly on issues they seek to change, within the bounds of the law.

In social sciences, arrangements of data or items, for example, in geography, arrangements of items in particular places (distribution of population in a country, distribution of forests across the world).

Vesting of powers within different levels of government. Under the Australian Constitution, the Commonwealth Government was vested with specific powers while the states retained general powers. In practice, the distribution of powers has become increasingly centralised over time.