Glossary (Version 8.4)

Resources used in the production of goods and services classified as land, labour, capital and enterprise.

In geography, visible elements of a place or landscape, classified as natural, managed and constructed. This term is used in early primary education, but is later replaced by the term ‘characteristics’, which includes both visible and invisible elements of a place.

A principle of government, which defines a relationship between the central government at the national level and its constituent units at the regional, state or local levels. In Australia, federalism is the division of powers between the federal government and the states and territories.

Any activity involving observation and recording of information outside a classroom. It could be within the school grounds, around neighbouring areas or in more distant locations.