See Frames of reference.
A philosophy with an emphasis on teaching deaf children to communicate using speech; to depend on lip-reading and amplification devices rather than using sign language.
The direction the palm or fingers of a handshape point in a given sign.
The understanding that a natural sign language belongs primarily to the Deaf community from which it evolved. Historical oppression and marginalisation of Auslan users have created cultural and political sensitivities regarding the use, planning, teaching and research of signed languages. Deaf people, as custodians of Auslan, have primary authenticity in matters concerning their language and culture.