Location measured by the coordinates of latitude and longitude. Also see relative location.

A photograph taken from the air, which can be oblique (taken at an angle) or vertical (taken from straight above the ground); the former being easier for young students to interpret.

(Termed outlier in mathematics). A data value that appears to stand out from other members of the data set by being unusually high or low. The most effective way of identifying an anomaly in a data set is to graph the data. In geographical data, classified by place, anomalies will identify places that do not fit a general pattern, which make them of particular interest to study.

People’s emotional feelings about and identification with places, which can contribute to their personal wellbeing and sense of identity.