Glossary (Version 8.4)

A political doctrine that derives its meaning from political philosophy, political behaviour and political morality, not from constitutions or other laws. It concerns the implied approval to act in a particular way on a public issue given by the electorate to its representative or government.

Forms of communication between a source and receivers including television, radio, print media and the internet, as well as forms of social media. The term usually refers to mass media and the ability of media to inform and influence people. Media are key players in democracies where citizens need to be informed, influenced and open to a diversity of views.

A ministry consists of all those members of parliament chosen by the Prime Minister to serve as members of the executive arm of government and to administer government departments.

A preservation of different cultures or cultural identities within a unified society such as a state or nation.

A society or organisation characterised by support for, or free activity of, religions, within the bounds of the law.