Glossary

Uncontrollable effects of the measurement equipment, procedure and environment on a measurement result; the magnitude of random error for a measurement result can be estimated by finding the spread of values around the average of independent, repeated measurements of the quantity.

Reasonableness of conclusions or judgements: the extent to which a conclusion or judgement is sound and makes sense.

Reasoned argument/conclusion: one that is sound, well-grounded, considered and thought out.

Be aware of or acknowledge.

Tell or report about happenings, events or circumstances.

The degree to which an assessment instrument or protocol consistently and repeatedly measures an attribute achieving similar results for the same population.

Data that has been judged to have a high level of reliability; reliability is the degree to which an assessment instrument or protocol consistently and repeatedly measures an attribute achieving similar results for the same population.

Use words, images, symbols or signs to convey meaning.

A verbal, visual, physical or mathematical demonstration of understanding of a science concept or concepts. A concept can be represented in a range of ways and using multiple modes.

Copy or make close imitation.

To locate, gather, record, attribute and analyse information in order to develop understanding.

Norms of conduct that determine ethical research behaviour; research ethics are governed by principles such as honesty, objectivity, integrity, openness and respect for intellectual property and include consideration of animal ethics.

In English: When students listen to, read or view texts they interact with those texts to make meaning. Responding involves students identifying, selecting, describing, comprehending, imagining, interpreting, analysing and evaluating.

Evaluations performed to identify, assess and control hazards in a systematic way that is consistent, relevant and applicable to all school activities. Requirements for risk assessments related to particular activities will be determined by jurisdictions, schools or teachers as appropriate.

Routine problems: Problems solved using procedures encountered in prior learning activities.