# Glossary (Version 8.4)

Previously encountered in prior learning activities.

Word groups/phrases used in a way that differs from the expected or everyday usage. They are used in a non-literal way for particular effect (for example, simile – ‘white as a sheet’; metaphor – ‘all the world’s a stage’; personification – ‘the wind grabbed at my clothes’).

The shape and structure of texts (for example, poetry, novels, short stories, film)