Work samples


Year 8

Above satisfactory

Description: Castles

Summary of task

Students were asked to write a description of the changes in the design and function of castles in medieval Europe. They worked with their class teacher and the teacher-librarian to locate appropriate written and pictorial source material and were provided with feedback on the structure and content of their text through a process of scaffolded drafting and review. The final text was word-processed and published for classroom display. The entire task, including time for research and finalisation of the description, took place in class over five 50-minute lessons.

Achievement standard

By the end of Year 8, students recognise and explain patterns of change and continuity over time. They explain the causes and effects of events and developments. They identify the motives and actions of people at the time. Students explain the significance of individuals and groups and how they were influenced by the beliefs and values of their society. They describe different interpretations of the past.

Students sequence events and developments within a chronological framework with reference to periods of time. When researching, students develop questions to frame a historical inquiry. They analyse, select and organise information from primary and secondary sources and use it as evidence to answer inquiry questions. Students identify and explain different points of view in sources. When interpreting sources, they identify their origin and purpose, and distinguish between fact and opinion. Students develop texts, particularly descriptions and explanations, incorporating analysis. In developing these texts, and organising and presenting their findings, they use historical terms and concepts, evidence identified in sources, and acknowledge their sources of information.

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