As defined in the Australian Curriculum: History, engaging with past thought and feelings through a historical inquiry.

An extensive group of states or countries ruled over by a single monarch, or a sovereign state, which exercises political, economic and cultural rule or control over the people within, such as the Roman Empire and the British Empire.

Involves an application of fundamental ethical principles when undertaking research and collecting information from primarysources and secondarysources, for example, confidentiality, informed consent, citation and integrity of data.

What can be learnt from a historical source to help construct a historical narrative. Also see primary source and secondary source.