The forms of slavery and its significance, including:
the nature of the sources for slavery and evidence for the origins of slavery
composition of slave groups, occupations (of men, women and children) and treatment
the economic importance of slavery
attitudes to slavery, the status of slaves and their relationship with masters
the extent of slavery and significant events in the history of slavery , for example revolts
Art and architecture
The nature and significance of art and architecture, including:
the nature of the sources for art and architecture
themes and styles of art
the main features, materials, purpose and function of various forms of architecture
the role and significance of art and architecture, public and private
evidence for the spread of particular forms of art and architecture in the ancient world through trade, the movement of peoples, and conquest.
Weapons and warfare
The development of weaponry and methods of warfare, including:
the nature of the sources for weapons and warfare, and early evidence for military encounters in the ancient world
the composition and role of armies and navies and changes in forms of weapons and military tactics
the life of soldiers, their training and the conditions of service
the political, economic and social impact of warfare and conquest.
Technology and engineering
The innovations in technology and engineering and their influence on daily life, including:
the nature of the sources for technology and engineering
technological feats in construction materials and methods related to buildings, structures and statues
forms of technology and their impact on the household and economic life (metallurgy, pottery, surgical tools, transport, water supply and sanitation)
the use of technology in ancient times to access resources and control the environment
the impact of technological innovations on social, economic and political development and their legacy.
The role and characteristics of the family, including:
the nature of the sources for the family, and early depictions of the family (men, women and children) in the historical record
beliefs and practices that influenced family life, including: the purpose of marriage and/or betrothal, marriage rituals, divorce, concubines, infanticide, gender, leisure activities
different concepts of the family, family structures and family ties, and the roles and relationships within the family, including the role and status of women
concepts of childhood and childhood experiences, including: education, rites of passage, age of maturity
the significance of the family in social and political life.
Beliefs, rituals and funerary practices
The different beliefs, rituals and funerary practices, including:
the nature of the sources for beliefs, rituals and funerary practices
the dominant beliefs and rituals
the influence and significance of beliefs and rituals
attitudes to and beliefs about death, and the concept of an afterlife
funerary practices (burial sites, forms of burial, ceremonies) and their relationship to religious beliefs and social status.