English (Version 8.4)


English focuses on developing students’ analytical, creative and critical thinking and communication skills in all language modes. It encourages students to engage with texts from their contemporary world, with texts from the past and with texts from Australian and other cultures.


Structure of English

In Unit 1 students explore how meaning is communicated through the relationships between language, text, purpose, context and audience. This includes how language and texts are shaped by their purpose, the audiences for whom they are intended and the contexts in which they are created and received.



Teachers will use an array of material in class. Texts include literary texts, fiction and non-fiction, media texts, everyday texts, and workplace texts, from increasingly complex and unfamiliar settings, ranging from the everyday language of personal experience to more abstract, specialised and technical language drawn from a range of contexts.


Representation of General capabilities

General capabilities covered in English include: Literacy, Numeracy, Information and communication technology (ICT) capability, Critical and creative thinking, Personal and social capability, Ethical understanding and Intercultural understanding.


Achievement standards


Unit 3

Unit 3 Description

In Unit 3, students explore representations of themes, ideas and concepts through a comparison of texts. They analyse and compare the relationships between language, genre and context, comparing texts within and/or across different genres and modes. Students recognise and analyse the conventions of genre in literary and non-literary texts and consider how those conventions may assist interpretation and how they may be challenged. Students compare and evaluate the effect of different mediums on the structure of texts and how audiences respond to them. Understanding of these concepts is demonstrated through the creation of imaginative, interpretive and analytical responses.

Unit 3 Learning Outcomes

By the end of this unit, students:

  • understand relationships between texts, genres and contexts
  • investigate the effects of different conventions and mediums on responses
  • create, transform and adapt oral, written and multimodal texts in a range of mediums and styles.

Unit 3 Content Descriptions

Compare texts from similar or different genres and contexts by:

analysing language, structural and stylistic choices (ACEEN041)

explaining how each text conforms to or challenges the conventions of particular genres or modes such as crime fiction, advertising or short films (ACEEN042)

analysing and evaluating how similar themes, ideas or concepts are treated in different texts. (ACEEN043)

Compare and contrast distinctive features of genres by:

analysing the techniques and conventions used in different genres, mediums and modes (ACEEN044)

considering how the conventions of genres can be challenged, manipulated or parodied (ACEEN045)

examining how genres and their conventions have changed and adapted over time. (ACEEN046)

Analyse and evaluate how the conventions of texts influence responses including:

the ways language patterns can create shades of meaning (ACEEN047)

how expectations of genres have developed and the effect when those expectations are met or not met, extended or subverted (ACEEN048)

how responses to texts and genres may change over time and in different cultural contexts. (ACEEN049)

Create a range of texts:

transforming and adapting texts for different purposes, contexts and audiences (ACEEN050)

making innovative and imaginative use of language features (ACEEN051)

using and experimenting with text structures and language features related to specific genres for particular effects (ACEEN052)

sustaining analysis and argument (ACEEN053)

using appropriate referencing, for example, footnotes, in-line citations and reference lists (ACEEN054)

using strategies for planning, drafting, editing and proofreading (ACEEN055)

using accurate spelling, punctuation, syntax and metalanguage. (ACEEN056)

Reflect on their own and others’ texts by:

analysing and evaluating how different texts represent similar ideas in different ways (ACEEN057)

explaining how meaning changes when texts are transformed into a different genre or medium (ACEEN058)

comparing and evaluating the impact of language conventions used in a variety of texts and genres. (ACEEN059)