Students for whom EAL/D Illustrations of practice

Writing a persuasive letter

Writing a persuasive letter

A teacher of a class of EAL/D students selects age-appropriate content from the Year 9 Australian Curriculum for English. The lesson is part of a unit of work to teach students how to create persuasive texts in the form of complaint letters. In the lesson, the teacher provides a series of interrelated learning experiences integrating the content in the Year 9 English Language and Literacy strands. The focus of the lesson is the consolidation of specific Standard Australian English (SAE) language proficiency skills and understandings including: phonic knowledge, pronunciation, persuasive vocabulary, grammar, text structure and punctuation. The teacher employs a range of supportive teaching strategies to personalise learning. She provides: learning opportunities that support and extend students’ written and oral language proficiencies, including peer collaboration; individual conferencing; modelling text construction; and joint and independent construction of text. In planning for, and implementing a lesson based on the Year 9 English curriculum, the teacher draws on various components of ACARA's EAL/D Teacher Resource including the EAL/D learning progression to monitor student the students’ language proficiency and the English EAL/D annotated content descriptions.

Learning area


Year level

Year 9

Content description

Review and edit students’ own and others’ texts to improve clarity and control over content, organisation, paragraphing, sentence structure, vocabulary and audio/visual features (ACELY1747)
Understand how punctuation is used along with layout and font variations in constructing texts for different audiences and purposes (ACELA1556)
Identify how vocabulary choices contribute to specificity, abstraction and stylistic effectiveness (ACELA1561)
Create imaginative, informative and persuasive texts that present a point of view and advance or illustrate arguments, including texts that integrate visual, print and/or audio features (ACELY1746)

General capability

Literacy / Grammar knowledge / Express opinion and point of view

General capability

Critical and creative thinking / Generating ideas, possibilities and actions / Consider alternatives (Level 6)

EAL/D learning progression

Speaking, Writing, Listening

EAL/D learning phase

Years 7-10

Teacher intention

To develop her students' SAE language proficiency as they learn how to construct persuasive text in the form of a complaint letter.

Personalised learning

Plan from age-equivalent learning area content:
The teacher bases her teaching plan on the Year 9 English content with the aim to develop the students’ language proficiency when creating written and spoken persuasive texts.

Align individual learning goals with age-equivalent content to personalise the learning:
Teacher draws of material in the EAL/D teacher resource to personalise the learning of her students:
She uses the EAL/D Learning Progression to identify and monitor the students’ language proficiency in Speaking, Listening, Reading and Writing. 
She uses the English EAL/D Annotated content descriptions: English to obtain information about linguistic or cultural considerations implicit in the curriculum content descriptions. She also draws on suggested teaching strategies in this publication.


1. How do you use the Australian Curriculum to design activities that are relevant to the diverse learning needs of your students?

2. What strategies do, or could you use to personalise a teaching and learning program developed from age-equivalent content?

3. How might you use the EAL/D Teacher resource to support your teaching of the Australian curriculum?

Standard 1

Know students and how they learn

Focus area 1.1

Physical, social and intellectual development and characteristics of students

Focus area 1.3

Students with diverse linguistic, cultural, religious and socioeconomic backgrounds

Standard 2

Know the content and how to teach it

Focus area 2.3

Curriculum, assessment and reporting

Aranmore Catholic College
Leederville WA Australia

School type


School sector


School location


School description

Aranmore Catholic College is a co-educational school of 650 students from Years 7–12 in Leederville, Western Australia. Aranmore has an English as an Additional Language or Dialect (EAL/D) Department.


These illustrations of personalised learning are not licensed under the creative commons license used for other material on the Australian Curriculum website. Instead, you may view, download, display, reproduce, and distribute these materials in unaltered form only for your personal, non-commercial educational purposes or for the non-commercial educational purposes of your organisation, provided that you retain this copyright notice. This means you cannot edit, modify or adapt any of these materials and you cannot sub-license any of these materials to others. Apart from any uses permitted under the Copyright Act 1968 (Cth), and those explicitly granted above, all other rights are reserved by ACARA.