7-10 Economics and Business
The Australian Curriculum: Economics and Business is uniquely positioned to develop consumer and financial literacy in young people. The curriculum supports the development of the dimensions of consumer and financial literacy as shown in the diagram below.
Approximate proportion of the dimensions addressed in 7-10 Economics and Business
Consumer and financial literacy is one of the key organising ideas of this subject. Students learn about the importance of financial planning, the rights and responsibilities of consumers and businesses, how people manage financial risks and rewards, the factors that influence major consumer decisions and the short- and long-term effects of those decisions. Students have opportunities to explore laws, regulations, rights and responsibilities associated with work and work futures, including the role and purpose of tax and superannuation. Economics and Business also introduces students to the structure and management of the economy and its resources and the issues and challenges of global economic interdependence. Developing an understanding of fundamental economic and business concepts enables young people to be informed decision-makers, responsible consumers and financially confident citizens.
The study of Economics and Business also supports the development of competencies and skills that can be applied in real-world consumer and financial contexts. For example, the ability to analyse data, explain cause and effect relationships, make predictions and communicate reasoned arguments enables students to make informed choices when purchasing goods and services, deciding on investment options and identifying the differences between ‘good’ and ‘bad’ debt.
In Economics and Business, students develop enterprising skills through investigations and creative activities such as fundraising events or business ventures. Making decisions based on an assessment of the costs and benefits of alternative choices prepares students to apply informed and assertive decision-making in a range of real-world contexts. By exploring the intended and unintended consequences of their decisions, students are also equipped with the skills to reflect on the appropriateness of their initiatives.
The MoneySmart Teaching and Tax, Super and You resources provide a number of interdisciplinary units that either focus on or include aspects of the Economics and Business curriculum. Access a list of relevant resources linked to the Australian Curriculum: Economics and Business using the right-hand menu.
The ways markets in Australia operate to enable the distribution of resources, and why they may be influenced by government (ACHEK027)
The traditional markets of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities and their participation in contemporary markets (ACHEK028)
The rights and responsibilities of consumers and businesses in Australia in terms of financial and economic decision-making (ACHEK029)
Types of businesses and the ways that businesses respond to opportunities in Australia (ACHEK030)
Influences on the ways people work and factors that might affect work in the future (ACHEK031)
Analysis, synthesis and interpretation
Interpret data and information displayed in different formats to identify relationships and trends (ACHES034)
Communication and reflection
Present evidence-based conclusions using economics and business language and concepts in a range of appropriate formats, and reflect on the consequences of alternative actions (ACHES037)
Questioning and research
Develop questions about an economic or business issue or event, and plan and conduct an investigation or project (ACHES032)
Gather relevant data and information from a range of digital, online and print sources (ACHES033)
Economic reasoning, decision-making and application
Generate a range of alternatives in response to an observed economic or business issue or event, and evaluate the potential costs and benefits of each alternative (ACHES035)