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Rationale

This rationale complements and extends the rationale for The Arts learning area.
Music is uniquely an aural art form. The essential nature of music is abstract. Music encompasses existing sounds that are selected and shaped, new sounds created by composers and performers, and the placement of sounds in time and space.

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Aims

In addition to the overarching aims of the Australian Curriculum: The Arts, music knowledge, understanding and skills ensure that, individually and collaboratively, students develop:

the confidence to be creative, innovative, thoughtful, skilful and informed musicians

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Structure

Learning in Music
Students learning Music listen, perform and compose. They learn about the elements of music comprising rhythm, pitch, dynamics and expression, form and structure, timbre and texture.

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Example of knowledge and skills

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Years 3 and 4

Years 3 and 4 Band Description

In Years 3 and 4, learning in The Arts builds on the experience of the previous band. It involves students making and responding to artworks independently and collaboratively with their classmates and teachers.

As they experience The Arts, students draw on artworks from a range of cultures, times and locations. They explore the arts of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples and of the Asia region and learn that they are used for different purposes. While the arts in the local community should be the initial focus for learning, students are also aware of and interested in the arts from more distant locations and the curriculum provides opportunities to build on this curiosity.

As they make and respond to artworks, students explore meaning and interpretation, elements and forms, and social and cultural contexts of the arts. They make personal evaluations of their own and others’ artworks, making connections between their own artistic intentions and those of other artists.

Students continue to learn about safe practices in the arts and in their interactions with other artists. Their understanding of the role of the artist and the audience builds on their experience from the previous band. As an audience, students focus their attention on the artwork and respond to it. They consider why and how audiences respond to artworks.

In Years 3 and 4, students’ awareness of themselves and others as audiences is extended beyond the classroom to the broader school context.

In Music, students:

  • extend their understanding of the elements of music as they develop their aural skills
  • match pitch and show the direction of a tune with gesture or drawings
  • recognise difference between notes moving by step and by leap
  • recognise and discriminate between rhythm and beat
  • explore meaning and interpretation, forms, and elements including rhythm, pitch, dynamics and expression, form and structure, timbre and texture as they make and respond to music
  • learn to listen as performers and as audience, extending their awareness of themselves and others as performers and as audience.

Years 3 and 4 Content Descriptions

Develop aural skills by exploring, imitating and recognising elements of music including dynamics, pitch and rhythm patterns (ACAMUM084 - Scootle )
Numeracy

Estimating and calculating with whole numbers
  • Understand and use numbers in context

Recognising and using patterns and relationships
  • Recognise and use patterns and relationships

  • singing learnt pitch and rhythm patterns and varying elements of music within them to create different effects, for example, singing softer or louder, faster or slower, repeating phrases
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Imagine possibilities and connect ideas
    • Consider alternatives

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

    Reflecting on thinking and processes
    • Transfer knowledge into new contexts

    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Understand themselves as learners
    • Develop reflective practice

    Self-management
    • Become confident, resilient and adaptable

    Numeracy

    Recognising and using patterns and relationships
    • Recognise and use patterns and relationships

    Estimating and calculating with whole numbers
    • Understand and use numbers in context

  • exploring and varying instrumental timbres in isolation and combination, for example, playing softer or louder, faster or slower, repeating phrases
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Understand themselves as learners
    • Develop reflective practice

    Self-management
    • Become confident, resilient and adaptable

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Imagine possibilities and connect ideas
    • Consider alternatives

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

    Reflecting on thinking and processes
    • Transfer knowledge into new contexts

    Numeracy

    Recognising and using patterns and relationships
    • Recognise and use patterns and relationships

    Estimating and calculating with whole numbers
    • Understand and use numbers in context

  • identifying and explaining features in music using terminology and a range of notation
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Consider alternatives

    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively

  • Considering viewpoints – forms and elements: For example – How did the music change? How many different sections are there in the music?
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

  • using movement to demonstrate an understanding of musical form, changing actions as the music changes
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-management
    • Become confident, resilient and adaptable

    Self-awareness
    • Develop reflective practice

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action
    • Consider alternatives

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Practise singing, playing instruments and improvising music, using elements of music including rhythm, pitch, dynamics and form in a range of pieces, including in music from the local community (ACAMUM085 - Scootle )
Intercultural Understanding

Interacting and empathising with others
  • Communicate across cultures

Recognising culture and developing respect
  • Investigate culture and cultural identity

Numeracy

Recognising and using patterns and relationships
  • Recognise and use patterns and relationships

  • practising singing and playing a range of music from different cultures, including various cultures within their local community
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-management
    • Become confident, resilient and adaptable
    • Develop self-discipline and set goals

    Self-awareness
    • Develop reflective practice
    • Understand themselves as learners

    Intercultural Understanding

    Interacting and empathising with others
    • Communicate across cultures

    Recognising culture and developing respect
    • Investigate culture and cultural identity

  • Considering viewpoints – meanings and interpretations: For example – Why was this music written?
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

  • rehearsing and performing music in unison and with accompaniment patterns
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Understand themselves as learners
    • Develop reflective practice

    Self-management
    • Become confident, resilient and adaptable
    • Develop self-discipline and set goals

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

    Numeracy

    Recognising and using patterns and relationships
    • Recognise and use patterns and relationships

  • experimenting with ways of singing and playing expressively, such as learning and practising a song with different dynamics and tempo
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Develop reflective practice
    • Understand themselves as learners

    Self-management
    • Become confident, resilient and adaptable
    • Express emotions appropriately

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

    Reflecting on thinking and processes
    • Transfer knowledge into new contexts
    • Reflect on processes

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Consider alternatives

    Analysing, synthesising and evaluating reasoning and procedures
    • Apply logic and reasoning

  • practising reading traditional and invented notation in music as they rehearse and perform
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Understand themselves as learners
    • Develop reflective practice

    Self-management
    • Become confident, resilient and adaptable
    • Develop self-discipline and set goals

  • rehearsing and performing music using a range of technologies
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Develop reflective practice
    • Understand themselves as learners

    Self-management
    • Become confident, resilient and adaptable
    • Develop self-discipline and set goals

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

    Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability

    Managing and operating ICT
    • Select and use hardware and software

    Creating with ICT
    • Generate solutions to challenges and learning area tasks

Create, perform and record compositions by selecting and organising sounds, silence, tempo and volume (ACAMUM086 - Scootle )
Critical and Creative Thinking

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Consider alternatives
  • Seek solutions and put ideas into action
  • Imagine possibilities and connect ideas

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Organise and process information
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Numeracy

Recognising and using patterns and relationships
  • Recognise and use patterns and relationships

Estimating and calculating with whole numbers
  • Understand and use numbers in context

Personal and Social Capability

Self-awareness
  • Recognise personal qualities and achievements

Self-management
  • Become confident, resilient and adaptable

  • experimenting with ways of using voices and instruments, combining sounds, silence, tempo and volume to create and perform music
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately
    • Become confident, resilient and adaptable

    Self-awareness
    • Understand themselves as learners
    • Develop reflective practice

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

    Reflecting on thinking and processes
    • Transfer knowledge into new contexts
    • Reflect on processes

    Analysing, synthesising and evaluating reasoning and procedures
    • Apply logic and reasoning

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Consider alternatives

  • exploring given rhythm and pitch patterns, structures or timbres to improvise and create music
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Develop reflective practice
    • Understand themselves as learners

    Self-management
    • Become confident, resilient and adaptable

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Imagine possibilities and connect ideas
    • Consider alternatives
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

  • using notation to represent sound and record ideas, such as inventing a graphic score to represent sounds of the environment
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action
    • Consider alternatives

    Numeracy

    Recognising and using patterns and relationships
    • Recognise and use patterns and relationships

  • improvising and trialling ideas to create compositions for specific audiences and purposes
    Personal and Social Capability

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Imagine possibilities and connect ideas
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action
    • Consider alternatives

  • Considering viewpoints – evaluations: For example – How did the music make you feel and why?
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

  • creating, sourcing and organising music using a range of accessible technologies
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Develop reflective practice
    • Understand themselves as learners

    Self-management
    • Develop self-discipline and set goals
    • Become confident, resilient and adaptable

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Consider alternatives
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action
    • Imagine possibilities and connect ideas

    Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability

    Creating with ICT
    • Generate solutions to challenges and learning area tasks

    Managing and operating ICT
    • Select and use hardware and software

Identify intended purposes and meanings as they listen to music using the elements of music to make comparisons, starting with Australian music, including music of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (ACAMUR087 - Scootle )
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures
Intercultural Understanding

Recognising culture and developing respect
  • Investigate culture and cultural identity

Interacting and empathising with others
  • Communicate across cultures

Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Critical and Creative Thinking

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Seek solutions and put ideas into action
  • Consider alternatives

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Organise and process information
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Personal and Social Capability

Social awareness
  • Appreciate diverse perspectives

  • identifying meaning and describing purposes in music from different social, cultural or historical contexts
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Consider alternatives
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

    Intercultural Understanding

    Recognising culture and developing respect
    • Investigate culture and cultural identity

    Interacting and empathising with others
    • Communicate across cultures

    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives

  • comparing the expectations and requirements of performers and audiences in different cultural settings
    Personal and Social Capability

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives

    Literacy

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Consider alternatives
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

    Intercultural Understanding

    Recognising culture and developing respect
    • Investigate culture and cultural identity

    Interacting and empathising with others
    • Communicate across cultures

  • examining music in their community and comparing it to other music of different people, times and cultures
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Consider alternatives
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

    Intercultural Understanding

    Interacting and empathising with others
    • Communicate across cultures
    • Consider and develop multiple perspectives

    Recognising culture and developing respect
    • Investigate culture and cultural identity

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives

  • writing about how they have used the elements of music when composing and performing and discussing with others the meaning and intended purposes of their compositions
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Consider alternatives
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social management
    • Work collaboratively
    • Communicate effectively

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives

    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Deliver presentations
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
    • Use language to interact with others

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

  • Considering viewpoints – evaluations: For example – How did the music make you feel and why?
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information


Years 3 and 4 Achievement Standards

By the end of Year 4, students describe and discuss similarities and differences between artworks they make and those to which they respond. They discuss how they and others organise the elements and processes in artworks.

Students collaborate to plan and make artworks that communicate ideas.

By the end of Year 4, students describe and discuss similarities and differences between music they listen to, compose and perform. They discuss how they and others use the elements of music in performance and composition.

Students collaborate to improvise, compose and arrange sound, silence, tempo and volume in music that communicates ideas. They demonstrate aural skills by singing and playing instruments with accurate pitch, rhythm and expression.


Years 3 and 4 Work Sample Portfolios