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This rationale complements and extends the rationale for The Arts learning area.
Drama is the expression and exploration of personal, cultural and social worlds through role and situation that engages, entertains and challenges.



In addition to the overarching aims of the Australian Curriculum: The Arts, drama knowledge, understanding and skills ensure that, individually and collaboratively, students develop:

confidence and self-esteem to explore, depict and celebrate human experience, take risks and challenge their own creativity through drama



Learning in Drama
Learning in Drama involves students making, performing, analysing and responding to drama, drawing on human experience as a source of ideas. Students engage with the knowledge of drama, develop skills, techniques and processes, and use materials as they explore a range of forms, styles and contexts.


Example of knowledge and skills


Foundation to Year 2

Foundation to Year 2 Band Description

In Foundation to Year 2, learning in The Arts builds on the Early Years Learning Framework. Students are engaged through purposeful and creative play in structured activities, fostering a strong sense of wellbeing and developing their connection with and contribution to the world.

In the Foundation Year, students undertake The Arts appropriate for their level of development.

They explore the arts and learn how artworks can represent the world and that they can make artworks to represent their ideas about the world. They share their artworks with peers and experience being an audience to respond to others’ art making.

As they experience the arts, students draw on artworks from a range of cultures, times and locations. They explore the arts of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples and of the Asia region and learn that they are used for different purposes. While the arts in the local community should be the initial focus for learning, students are also aware of and interested in the arts from more distant locations and the curriculum provides opportunities to build on this curiosity.

As they make and respond to artworks, students explore meaning and interpretation, forms and processes, and social and cultural contexts of the arts. They make early evaluations of artworks expressing what they like and why.

Students learn about safe practices in the arts through making and responding safely in the different arts subjects.

They experience the role of artist and they respond to feedback in their art making. As an audience, they learn to focus their attention on artworks presented and to respond to artworks appropriately. In Foundation to Year 2, students learn to be an audience for different arts experiences within the classroom.

In Drama, students:

  • become aware of role and situation as they listen and respond as fictional characters
  • explore voice and movement to create role
  • learn about focus and identifying the main idea of the drama
  • learn how their ideas can be expressed through role and story.

Foundation to Year 2 Content Descriptions

  • taking part in purposeful dramatic play focusing on experiencing the roles and situations they create
  • taking turns in offering and accepting ideas, and staying in role in short improvisations
  • exploring possibilities for role and situation when participating in whole group teacher-led process drama and roleplay
  • taking photos or videoing drama they devise to view and extend their drama ideas
  • Considering viewpoints – forms and elements: For example – How did the performers use their voices? What sort of movements did the performers use? What voice and movement have you noticed in others’ performances that you might consider in making your own drama and why?
Use voice, facial expression, movement and space to imagine and establish role and situation (ACADRM028 - Scootle )
  • communicating verbally by using the voice to explore and show role and situation
  • communicating non-verbally by using facial expression and movement to explore and show role and situation
  • practising movement within a space to create the difference between their performance space and the audience space
  • manipulating objects, puppets, 2D images and available technologies to create stories
Present drama that communicates ideas, including stories from their community, to an audience (ACADRM029 - Scootle )
  • presenting scenes in which they apply story structures to set the scene, link action and create an ending, such as a cultural or community story with the assistance of representatives from the community
  • following cues and using voice and movement to link action, ideas and stories in their drama
  • rehearsing and performing sequences of ideas to communicate stories through drama
  • enhancing ideas and stories in their drama by using available software and technologies, for example, using a mobile device to add sound effects to a performance
  • Considering viewpoints – meanings and interpretations: For example – What do you want your audience to think about your drama? What did this drama make you think about? How did you feel when making/watching the drama? evaluations: What did you like best in the drama? Why?
Respond to drama and consider where and why people make drama, starting with Australian drama including drama of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (ACADRR030 - Scootle )
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures
  • identifying where they might see and hear drama in their lives and community, for example, sharing experiences of attending drama performances or taking part in drama in their community, and considering how drama sustains and communicates cultural knowledge
  • talking about how voices, movement and space are used in drama they make and see
  • connecting to and sharing drama experiences through available digital access
  • recognising that drama can show that people have different feelings about the world based on their experiences of the environment and other people
    • Sustainability
  • Considering viewpoints – societies and cultures: For example – Why are these people making drama? Where are they making drama?

Foundation to Year 2 Achievement Standards

By the end of Year 2, students describe artworks they make and those to which they respond. They consider where and why people make artworks.

Students use the elements and processes of arts subjects to make and share artworks that represent ideas.

By the end of Year 2, students describe what happens in drama they make, perform and view. They identify some elements in drama and describe where and why there is drama.

Students make and present drama using the elements of role, situation and focus in dramatic play and improvisation.

Foundation to Year 2 Work Sample Portfolios