Turkish

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Context statement

The place of the Turkish language and culture in Australia and the world
Turkish is the official language of the Republic of Turkey and one of the official languages of Cyprus.
It originated many centuries ago in the Northern Siberian Altay Mountain Range.

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PDF documents

Resources and support materials for the Australian Curriculum: Languages - Turkish are available as PDF documents. 
Languages - Turkish: Sequence of content
Languages - Turkish: Sequence of Achievement - F-10 Sequence
Languages - Turkish: Sequence …

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Foundation to Year 2

Foundation to Year 2 Band Description

The nature of the learners

Children in this pathway enter the early years of schooling with established oracy skills in Turkish, English and sometimes other languages or dialects. There will be variation in terms of proficiency in Turkish depending on variables such as home language environment, generational language shift and parental cultural and linguistic background. Children will have varying degrees of literacy capability in both/either Turkish and/or English, and share the experience of belonging to worlds in which languages play a key role. Cognitive and social development at this stage is exploratory and egocentric. The curriculum builds on children’s interests, sense of enjoyment and curiosity, with an emphasis on active learning and confidence building. Turkish is learnt in parallel with English language and literacy, which for some children will be being learned as a second or additional language. Learning in the two areas differs significantly but each supports and enriches the other.

Turkish language learning and use

Rich language input characterises the first stages of learning. Children are familiar with the sounds and patterns of Turkish and their fluency and accuracy is further developed through activities such as rhymes, songs, clapping and action games. Children identify and use high-frequency sentences and phrases, and recognise the purpose and intention of simple texts. They use culturally appropriate non-verbal strategies, and produce statements and expressions in response to prompts and cues. They are supported to use Turkish for different language functions, such as asking and responding to questions, expressing wishes, responding to directions, and taking turns in games and simple shared learning activities. They notice differences between the languages they know and use, and differences in how they communicate in some situations when using Turkish or English. Creative play provides opportunities for exploring these differences and for using Turkish for purposeful interaction in some less familiar contexts.

Contexts of interaction

Children interact with one another and the teacher, with some access to wider school and community members. Information and communications technology (ICT) resources provide additional access to Turkish language and cultural experience, connecting children’s social worlds with those of Turkish-speaking children in communities other than their own. Turkish is the dominant language used in classroom interactions, routines and activities, supported by the use of English when required. The early stage of language and literacy development is supported by use of concrete materials and resources, gestures and body language. Play and imaginative activities, games, music, movement and familiar routines provide essential scaffolding and context for language development.

Texts and resources

Children engage with a variety of spoken, visual, written and digital texts. They listen and respond to teacher talk, share ideas and join in songs, rhymes, stories and chants, and various forms of play and conversational exchanges. Written and digital texts include stories, shared Big Books, walls charts and teacher-generated materials, such as games, labels, captions and flashcards.

Features of Turkish language use

Children’s familiarity with the spoken form of Turkish supports their introduction to the written form of the language. They become familiar with the Turkish alphabet and writing conventions, and are introduced to the sound–letter correspondence of the 21 consonants and eight vowels that make up the alphabet. Writing skills progress from labelling and copying high-frequency words to co-constructing simple texts using familiar vocabulary, language features and structures such as subject–object–verb word order. They apply this order to simple statements, imperatives and questions such as Ali gel. Ali okula gel. Ali okula geldi. Ali okula geldi mi? They learn to describe things, such as colour, mavi, size, büyük/küçük, and shape, üçgen, and recognise that adjectives come before nouns. They use cardinal numbers such as bir-yüz and ordinal numbers such as birinci, ikinci, and use the ending -ler/-lar to express plurality with countable nouns such as çocuklar, ördekler. They form affirmative and negative responses, such as evet, hayır, değil, doğru, yanlış, and use simple suffixes and subject and possessive pronouns, for example, ben/benim, sen/senin, o/onun and evim/evimiz, evin/eviniz, evi/evleri. They describe actions using simple verbs, such as otur, kalk, elini kaldır, koş, yürü, gel, git, oku, yaz. As children learn to adjust language to suit different purposes and situations, they begin to understand how culture shapes language use. They are supported to talk about differences and similarities they notice between Turkish, English and other languages they know, and also between cultural behaviours and ways of communicating. They talk about how they feel when they use different languages, and how they view different languages and the people who use them. This introduction to the meta- dimension of intercultural learning develops the ability to ‘decentre’, to consider different perspectives and ways of being, and to become aware of themselves as communicators and cultural participants.

Level of support

Learning is supported via the provision of experiences which are challenging but achievable with appropriate scaffolding and support. This involves modelling, monitoring and moderating by the teacher; provision of multiple and varied sources of input; opportunities for revisiting, recycling and reviewing; and continuous cueing, feedback, response and encouragement.

The role of English

While learners are encouraged to use Turkish whenever possible, English is used, when appropriate, for discussion, comparison, reflection and explanations. Mixing the two languages is common at this level and reflects children’s experience in their home communities.


Foundation to Year 2 Content Descriptions

Socialising

Interact with the teacher and with peers to exchange greetings and share information about themselves, noticing ways of using language that are similar or different at home and at school

[Key concepts: self, family, home; Key processes: interacting, greeting, describing] (ACLTUC001 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • using simple greetings relevant to the time of day, context or relationship to the person, for example, Merhaba! Günaydın! Tünaydın! İyi günler! İyi akşamlar! İyi geceler! Hoşça kal! Güle güle! Hoş geldiniz! Hoş bulduk!, noticing any differences between how they greet their teachers, family members and friends, for example, Merhaba Ayşe! Nasılsın? Günaydın öğretmenim! Siz nasılsınız?
  • using appropriate gestures and actions when greeting different people, for example, shaking hands, kissing hands of elders and kissing people on both cheeks
  • introducing and describing themselves and others, for example, Adın ne? Benim adım …, Senin adın ne? Bu benim babam. Babamın adı Aydın
  • describing familiar items, such as pets or favourite toys, and experiences that are important to them, for example, Benim bir köpeğim var. Onun adı Minnoş. Benim en sevdiğim oyuncak… Bugün benim doğum günüm.
  • using everyday social exchanges, such as thanking someone, Teşekkür ederim; apologising, Özür dilerim; or offering wishes for particular occasions such as Doğum günün kutlu olsun! Bayramınız kutlu olsun! Afiyet olsun! Geçmiş olsun! Tebrik ederim!
  • comparing their likes and dislikes, for example, Ben çileği çok severim. Ben elmayı hiç sevmem
Participate in guided activities such as songs, games, tasks and transactions, using movement, gestures, pictures and concrete materials to support meaning-making

[Key concepts: play, performance, action learning; Key processes: participating, playing, describing] (ACLTUC002 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • participating in activities that involve taking turns, making choices or swapping items, such as games used to reinforce number and memory skills, for example, Jale sıra sende. Şimdi benim sıram. Bu benim. Bu senin. Bu Deniz’in. Kaç top var?
  • participating in songs, poems and chants, such as counting or rhyming games, singing and performing actions, for example, Mini mini bir kuş donmuştu, Çan çan çikolata, Sağ elimde beş parmak, Kutu kutu pense, El ele verin çocuklar
  • participating in tasks that involve exchanging objects and classifying attributes such as shapes, colours and numbers, using simple question forms and affirmative/negative responses, for example, Ben kırmızı karelerle çatı yapacağım. Yeşil dairelerle ağaç yapalım. Ben sarı üçgenleri istemiyorum. Sende pembe dikdörtgen var mı? Hayır, yok. Mavi var
  • creating and describing pictures or crafted items, for example, Pamuktan kardan adam yapalım. Düğmelerden göz yapalım. Burnuna turuncu çubuk koyalım.
  • following instructions by moving around or by locating or moving objects in the classroom, for example, Kurşun kalemi masanın üstüne koy. Pencerenin yanındaki sandalyeye otur. Resmi arkadaki duvara as.
Recognise and respond to familiar classroom routines, such as the opening and closing of lessons, transition activities, following instructions and taking turns

[Key concepts: routines, directions, interactions; Key processes: responding, requesting, participating] (ACLTUC003 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • participating in class routines, such as calling the roll, exchanging greetings and stating the day and date, for example, Günaydın çocuklar! Nasılsınız? Ayşe! Buradayım öğretmenim! Bugün 18 Ekim 2015, Cuma
  • responding to instructions through actions, gestures and verbal responses such as Ayağa kalkın!, Oturun! Konuşmak için elinizi kaldırın! Sıraya girin! Defterlerinizi açın. Tabletlerinizin ekranını açın
  • asking for help, information or permission, for example, Bana yardım eder misin, lütfen? Ben bunu anlamadım. Ben de oynayabilir miyim? and responding to directions such as İkişerli gruplara ayrılın. Biz ikimiz bir grupta olalım. Yerlerinize oturun. El ele tutuşun. Daire şeklinde durun. Şapkalarınızı giymeyi unutmayın. Teneffüse çıkabilirsiniz
  • participating in Bayrak töreni, the routine singing of national anthems and the recitation of Andımız, taking turns to lead

Informing

Locate key phrases and points of information in simple texts such as messages, announcements, charts, lists or illustrated reference materials, and use the information to complete guided oral and written tasks

[Key concepts: information, meaning, context; Key processes: identifying, matching, creating] (ACLTUC004 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • demonstrating comprehension of individual words, phrases and sentences in simple spoken, written and digital texts, for example, by labelling, drawing, miming or onscreen pointing, clicking or dragging
  • locating specific details about places, events or objects featured in picture books, charts or posters, for example, by responding to questions such as, Masaldaki kişiler kimler? Nerede yaşıyorlar? Neyi kutluyorlar? Bu masal bize ne anlatmak istiyor?
  • matching items from picture dictionaries or word lists to vocabulary sets associated with particular categories, such as people, animals or food groups, for example, meyveler, sebzeler, evcil hayvanlar, çiftlik hayvanları, vahşi hayvanlar
  • collecting information from texts such as charts, calendars, posters, timetables or tuckshop menus to create their own resources, such as lists of favourite lessons, colours, animals or food
  • listening to spoken texts such as class and school announcements or recorded phone messages, identifying key words and facts, such as names, places, numbers or times
Convey factual information about themselves, their family, friends and experiences using simple phrases, gestures and support materials

[Key concepts: family, community, interests; Key processes: presenting, describing] (ACLTUC005 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • using a family album to talk about their extended family and community, for example, Bu benim dedem. O bizimle yaşıyor. Dedem bana her gece kitap okur … Bu bizim Türk bakkalı. Oradan simit alırız
  • contributing to shared recounts of events, such as excursions, sports days or community celebrations, for example, 23 Nisan Ulusal Egemenlik ve Çocuk Bayramı. Hayvanat bahçesine gezi
  • presenting information about their backgrounds and interests in ‘Show and Tell’, for example, Bugün ben en sevdiğim oyuncağı tanıtacağım, Aile fotoğrafını tanıt, Odanı tanıt
  • conveying basic information about a particular experience, for example, Kuzenlerimle mangal yapıyoruz, using drawings with captions containing key words and simple phrases
  • working in pairs to gather and then present information about their partner to the larger group, for example, Defne yüzmeyi çok sever. Her pazar havuza gider. O sporu çok sever.

Creating

Listen to, view and participate in readings of stories, rhymes or action songs, and respond through singing, drawing, gesture and action

[Key concepts: story, imagination, response; Key processes: participating, responding, performing; Key text types: story, puppetry, rhyme] (ACLTUC006 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • participating in shared readings of Turkish versions of familiar stories, such as Kırmızı Başlıklı Kız (Little Red Riding Hood) or Aç Tırtıl (The Very Hungry Caterpillar), Çirkin Ördek Yavrusu (The Ugly Duckling), Kül Kedisi (Cinderella) Pinokyo (Pinocchio), comparing with English versions and re-enacting favourite elements with puppets, props or actions
  • responding to stories such as Arı Maya, rhymes such as Komşu komşu hu hu and songs such as Küçük Kurbağa, Ali Baba’nın Çiftliği, through actions, drawings and simple statements and expressions
  • viewing scenes of the shadow puppet play Karagöz ve Hacıvat, repeating key words and expressions and drawing and describing the characters, for example, Hacıvat akıllı, bilgili ve kurnaz birisidir. Hacıvat’ın sivri sakalı vardır. Karagöz bilgisiz ve komik birisidir. Karagöz top sakallıdır
  • performing rhymes, tongue twisters, poems and songs that use repetition, gestures, mime and finger puppet play to support language development, for example, Ben bir küçük insanım, Hem aklım var hem canım … Portakalı Soydum, O piti piti karamela sepeti!
  • building vocabulary skills and developing appreciation of language by participating in shared readings of simple stories that use repetition and recycling of phrases or actions, such as Cin Ali, Keloğlan
  • performing marching songs, for example, Türk Çocukları, Sol sağ sol sağ yarın bayram olsa, Hoş gelişler ola, Dağ başını duman almış
  • viewing children’s TV programs, such as Sevimli Dostlar, Pepe, Biz İkimiz, Niloya, and responding by singing, chanting, mimicking and acting out favourite moments
Express imaginative experience in stories, songs, rhymes and puppet performances using sound patterns, familiar language and non-verbal forms of expression

[Key concepts: character, rhythm, imagination; Key processes: composing, performing, presenting; Key text types: story, songs, rhymes] (ACLTUC007 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • creating and drawing/captioning new situations or settings for popular characters from texts such as the Keloğlan stories in print and digital forms
  • composing and performing their own simple rhymes and action songs that build on familiar language and content and use non-verbal forms of support, such as clapping, gestures and facial expressions
  • composing original short stories by matching and sequencing a series of pictures with captions or by creating a story board with labels using modelled language
  • creating and presenting their own Big Books or digital texts based on selected characters or elements of favourite texts

Translating

Explain in English the meaning of everyday Turkish words, phrases and gestures, noticing which are similar or different to equivalent words in English or other known languages

[Key concepts: translation, meaning, similarity, difference; Key processes: noticing, translating, comparing, explaining] (ACLTUC008 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • translating simple words and expressions related to ‘Things I do everyday’, using matching word cards, pictures, large print dictionaries, word lists and labels, noticing words that are similar in the two languages, such as televizyon, radyo, yogurt, tren, taksi
  • explaining the English meaning of Turkish words and phrases used for greetings, apologies and appreciations, such as hoş geldiniz, hoş bulduk, geçmiş olsun, merhaba, hoşça kal, günaydın, iyi günler, iyi akşamlar, iyi geceler, and discussing how and when they are used
  • comparing and contrasting the meaning and sounds of key words and expressions that feature in Turkish and English versions of popular children’s rhymes, games and songs, such as ‘Old MacDonald’ and Ali Baba’nın Çiftliği, ‘Are you sleeping?’ and Tembel Çocuk Kalksana
  • demonstrating and explaining in Turkish gestures that are associated with cultural traditions, such as greeting elders by kissing their hand and placing it on the forehead to show respect
  • noticing words or expressions in Turkish that are not easy to translate into English because they carry different meanings, for example, Ellerine sağlık. Çok yaşa! Sen de gör! Geçmiş olsun!
Create simple bilingual print or digital texts, such as captioned picture dictionaries, wall charts, labels for the classroom or ID cards

[Key concepts: meaning, code; Key processes: comparing, matching, translating] (ACLTUC009 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • creating individual bilingual picture dictionaries
  • matching and sequencing words and pictures in English and Turkish to complete speech bubbles in digital or print versions of short conversations or picture stories
  • creating bilingual labels for objects used in the classroom and at home
  • creating illustrated lists of words and phrases in Turkish and English which are similar in sound and meaning, for example, polis, ambulans, doktor, spor, müzik, hobi
  • creating and performing short bilingual chants, songs and poems that move between Turkish and English

Reflecting

Notice how using Turkish and English involves some different ways of communicating and behaving

[Key concepts: communication, culture, self, difference; Key processes: noticing, comparing] (ACLTUC010 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • noticing which language they are more comfortable in and choose to use in particular situations, for example, at home or on the phone with grandparents, at bayram or in the playground
  • identifying language or behaviours that fit well in their Turkish family or community context but not in other contexts or situations, for example, kissing hands of older people and receiving spending money during bayram
  • identifying gestures or body language that are used more often in Turkish than in English, for example, raising the head to indicate ‘no’, tutting to indicate shock or upset, raising the index finger to ask permission to speak in class
  • considering whether they feel different when using Turkish in the classroom to how they feel when using it at home
  • reflecting on their impressions of cultural differences when viewing images, video clips, singing songs, dancing or listening to stories from Turkish-speaking regions, responding to teacher prompts such as Neyi farkettiniz? Neden öyle düşünüyorsun? Farklılıkları ve benzerlikleri nelerdir?
Identify themselves as members of different groups, including their family, community and school, using simple statements, gestures and support materials

[Key concepts: self, family, community, communication; Key processes: identifying, describing] (ACLTUC011 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • sharing information about their family background, such as their country or region of origin, languages spoken at home and connections with extended family overseas, for example, Ben Avustralyalıyım/Türküm. Türkçe konuşurum. Ailem İstanbul’dan geldi
  • creating self-profiles, using drawings and captions or photos to identify their membership of different groups and communities, for example, home, school, friendship or sporting groups
  • identifying words or expressions in Turkish that they particularly associate with their sense of home and ‘who they are’
  • designing a ‘class tree’ that reflects the linguistic and cultural diversity represented in their class
  • considering how they communicate with different friends and family members who speak different languages

Systems of language

Recognise and reproduce the sounds and spellings of Turkish-specific phonemes, /ı/, /ğ/, /ö/, /ü/ /ş/ and /ç/ and make connections between spoken language, alphabetic elements and written forms of the language

[Key concepts: pronunciation, letters, sounds; Key processes: listening, distinguishing, reciting] (ACLTUU012 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • becoming familiar with the Turkish alphabet and writing conventions, for example, by identifying sounds and spelling of specific phonemes, such as, /ı/, /ö/, /ü/, /ç/, /ğ/, /ş/ and comparing them with English sounds
  • understanding that intonation patterns create different meanings, as in the distinction between questions, statements and exclamations, geliyor musun? / geliyorsun / gelsene!
  • differentiating between vowel and consonant sounds
  • experimenting with sounds in onomatopoeic words, such as those related to animal sounds, üüürüüü (horoz), miyav miyav (kedi), möö (inek), hav hav (köpek ), cik cik (kuş); comparing with the pronunciation of equivalent animal sounds in English
  • developing pronunciation, phrasing, syllabification and intonation skills by singing, reciting and repeating words and phrases in context
Recognise parts of speech and frequently used words in familiar contexts and understand the basic rules of word order in simple sentences

[Key concepts: sentences, grammar, patterns; Key processes: recognising, naming, applying] (ACLTUU013 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • recognising the basic word order, subject–object–verb, and applying it in simple statements, imperatives and questions, for example, Ali gel. Ali okula gel. Ali okula geldi. Ali okula geldi mi?
  • describing colour (mavi), size (büyük/küçük) and shape (üçgen), and recognising that adjectives come before nouns
  • describing quantity, using cardinal numbers such as bir-yüz and ordinal numbers such as birinci, ikinci
  • using the ending -ler/-lar to express plurality, mainly with countable nouns, such as çocuklar, ördekler
  • recognising question words and anticipating likely answers, for example, Kim? Ne? Nerede? Nereye? Kimle? Ne kadar? Ne zaman? Nasıl? Hangisi?
  • expressing affirmative and negative responses, such as evet, hayır, değil, doğru, yanlış
  • learning how to use simple suffixes and subject and possessive pronouns, for example, ben/benim, sen/senin, o/onun and evim/evimiz, evin/eviniz, evi/evleri
  • building vocabulary related to familiar environments, such as anne, kitap, kedi, and using cognates, such as ev, okul, aile, hayvanlar
  • using prepositions to specify locations, for example, üstünde, altında, yanında, arkasında, önünde, arasında, sağında, solunda
  • describing actions using imperatives and simple verbs, such as otur, kalk, elini kaldır, koş, yürü, gel, git, oku, yaz
  • linking ideas using simple conjunctions, for example, ve, ile, ama
Understand that language is organised as ‘texts’ that take different forms and use different structures to achieve their purposes

[Key concepts: text, meaning; Key processes: recognising, selecting] (ACLTUU014 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • understanding texts as different forms of communication which can be spoken, written, digital or visual, can be very short, for example, tekerleme, bilmece, not, fıkra, e-posta, or much longer, for example, mektup, masal and hikaye
  • understanding that different types of texts have different features, for example, repetition and rhythm in action songs and chants such as Komşu komşu, Yağ satarım bal satarım, Portakalı soydum
  • beginning to use metalanguage to talk about texts, for example, by identifying text types, such as bilmece, tekerleme, masal, fıkra, and describing typical features, for example, masal starts with Bir varmış, bir yokmuş, evvel zaman içinde ... and ends with Gökten üç elma düşmüş, biri masalı anlatana, biri dinleyene, biri de bütün iyi insanlara; tekerleme and bilmece both have rhymes and rhythms
  • noticing how familiar texts such as poems or stories are sequenced and organised, for example, by identifying titles, connections between pictures and texts, or familiar lines, as in dua (call to prayers), 23 Nisan şiirleri ve dizeler/dörtlükler, Resimlerle Atatürk’ün hayatı, Keloğlan resimleri ile başlıklar, Bayram Günü

Language variation and change

Recognise that different words, expressions and gestures are used by speakers of Turkish to address and greet people in different contexts and situations

[Key concepts: variation, context, relationship; Key processes: noticing, comparing, adapting] (ACLTUU015 - Scootle )

  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • identifying different relationships between people by noticing how they speak to each other, for example, in storybooks, real life conversations, puppet plays or video clips
  • understanding that different forms of Turkish are used by people in different contexts and relationships, for example, the appropriate use of pronouns, sen and siz, and honorifics, Orhan Bey, Ayla Hanım, Sayın, Hakan Ağabey, Cengiz Amca, Ayşe Teyze
  • understanding that interactions such as greetings vary according to time of day, occasion,degree of familiarity and age of people involved, for example, günaydın, merhaba, iyi akşamlar, Nasılsın? or Nasılsınız? Ne haber? Ne var, ne yok? Selam!
  • understanding that gestures used in greetings vary according to degrees of familiarity and relationship, for example, kissing hands of elders and placing hands on the forehead
  • recognising the importance of using either formal or informal language in any context, for example, never using first names when addressing elders, such as teachers or parents
Recognise that different languages, including Turkish, borrow words and expressions from each other

[Key concepts: language change, word borrowing; Key processes: noticing, comparing, identifying] (ACLTUU016 - Scootle )

  • Intercultural Understanding
  • recognising that languages continuously change and borrow from one another
  • recognising that Turkish uses loan words from English, such as internet, TV, ceket, film and futbol, and that English uses words from Turkish, such as yoghurt, coffee, horde, kiosk, turquoise
  • creating a class record of Turkish words used in English, such as doner kebab, shish kebab, yoghurt, dolma, cacik, comparing how these words are pronounced in the two languages
  • noticing words that come from different languages that students use in their everyday lives

Role of language and culture

Understand that people use language in ways that reflect their culture, such as where and how they live and what is important to them

[Key concepts: culture, meaning, language; Key processes: noticing, identifying, explaining] (ACLTUU017 - Scootle )

  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • exploring the meaning of ‘culture’, how it involves visible elements, such as ways of dressing, eating and dancing, and invisible elements, such as ways of thinking and valuing
  • recognising that there are words and expressions in Turkish that ‘belong’ to Turkish and not to English, for example, Hoş bulduk, Çok yaşa, Sen de gör
  • noticing that some Australian terms and expressions only have meaning in the Australian context and have no equivalent in Turkish, for example,’ the outback’, ‘bush tucker’, ‘Good on ya!’
  • noticing that using Turkish and using English involves different ways of communicating; considering what this reveals about cultural values or traditions

Foundation to Year 2 Achievement Standards

By the end of Year 2, students interact with the teacher and peers to share information about themselves and to exchange greetings, for example, Merhaba! Günaydın! Tünaydın! İyi günler! İyi akşamlar! İyi geceler! Hoşça kal! Güle güle! Hoş geldiniz! Hoş bulduk! They describe familiar objects and experiences that are important to them, for example, Benim bir köpeğim var. Onun adı Minnoş. Benim en sevdiğim oyuncak, Bugün benim doğum günüm, and compare likes and dislikes, for example, Ben çileği çok severim, Ben elmayı hiç sevmem. They use repetitive language when participating in guided activities and use movement, gestures, pictures and objects to support meaning-making, for example, by singing and performing actions to songs such as Mini mini bir kuş donmuştu. They respond to familiar classroom routines, such as the opening and closing of lessons, and transition activities. They interact in classroom routines, by following instructions, for example, Ayağa kalkın! Oturun! Konuşmak için elinizi kaldırın! Sıraya girin! Defterlerinizi açın,Tabletlerinizin ekranını açın, and taking turns. When interacting, they reproduce the sounds of Turkish and use intonation to distinguish between questions, statements and exclamations, for example, Geliyor musun? / Geliyorsun / Gelsene! They locate key words and information in simple spoken and written texts, such as names of people, places, or categories of objects, for example, meyveler, sebzeler, evcil hayvanlar, çiftlik hayvanları, vahşi hayvanlar, and convey factual information about themselves, their family, friends and experiences, using gestures, support materials and simple statements such as Bugün ben en sevdiğim oyuncağı tanıtacağım. They respond to imaginative experiences through singing, drawing, movement and action, and create and perform simple imaginative texts, such as adaptations to Turkish songs, puppet performances and texts such as Keloğlan stories, using familiar language and non-verbal forms of expression. Students use vocabulary related to familiar contexts, for example, anne, kitap, kedi, and cognates, such as ev, okul, aile, hayvanlar. They use simple sentences with appropriate word order to communicate information about themselves. Students translate the meaning of Turkish words, phrases and gestures used in everyday contexts and situations, and create simple print or digital texts that use both Turkish and English. They identify differences in the ways they communicate and behave in Turkish- and English-speaking contexts, and identify themselves as members of different groups, including the Turkish class and their family and community.

Students identify the sounds of the Turkish language and Turkish spellings of specific phonemes, for example, /ı/, /ö/, /ü/, /ç/, /ğ/, /ş/. They identify parts of speech and basic rules of word order in simple sentences. They identify similarities and differences in features and structures of different types of familiar texts. They provide examples of different words, expressions and gestures that are used by speakers of Turkish to address and greet people in different contexts and situations. They identify words and expressions that different languages, including Turkish, have borrowed from each other. They identify how ways in which people use language reflect where and how they live and what is important to them.