Modern Greek (Version 8.4)

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Context statement

The place of the Modern Greek language and culture in Australia and the world
Modern Greek is the official language of Greece and Cyprus. It is spoken throughout the world – wherever there are Greek-speaking communities.


PDF documents

Resources and support materials for the Australian Curriculum: Languages - Modern Greek are available as PDF documents. 
Languages - Modern Greek: Sequence of content
Languages - Modern Greek: Sequence of Achievement - F-10 Sequence
Languages - Modern …


Years 9 and 10

Years 9 and 10 Band Description

The nature of the learners

At this level, students bring to their learning existing knowledge of Modern Greek language and culture and a range of strategies. They are increasingly aware of the world beyond their own and are engaging with youth-related and social and environmental issues. They require continued guidance and mentoring but work increasingly independently to analyse, reflect on and monitor their language learning and intercultural experiences. They are considering future pathways and options, including the possible role of Modern Greek in these.

Modern Greek language learning and use

This is a period of language exploration, vocabulary expansion and experimentation. As learners develop greater control of language structures and systems, their confidence increases, as does their interest in communicating in a wider range of contexts. They use Modern Greek to communicate and interact, to access and exchange information, to express thoughts and opinions, and to participate in imaginative and creative experiences Αύριο στη Θεσσαλονίκη ο καιρός θα είναι ..., Τι γνώμη έχετε για τη σχολική στολή;). They demonstrate understanding of language variation and change, and of how intercultural experience, technology, media and globalisation influence language use and forms of communication (το φαστφουντάδικο, το ματς).

Contexts of interaction

Learners interact with peers, the teacher and other Greek speakers locally and globally through a variety of means and modes of communication, including digital, online, collaborative performance and group discussions. They may participate in wider experiences related to Greek language and culture, such as film festivals, film competitions, drama and art competitions and programs, local Greek festivals, interacting with Greek-speaking guests, artists and musicians, and in-country study trips. These authentic experiences give learners a sense of connectedness and purpose, and make use of and extend their capability beyond the school context.

Texts and resources

Media resources, fiction and non-fiction texts, performances and research projects allow for exploration of themes of personal and contemporary relevance, for example, global issues such as the environment (Πώς θα προστατέψουμε το δάσος;), Greek-specific issues such as the diaspora, identity and relationship issues such as the concept of ‘journey and belonging’, and questions of diversity and inclusivity such as the concept of ‘One World’.

Features of Modern Greek language use

Learners communicate with greater fluency, and use their knowledge of grammar and orthographic systems, such as understanding of primary tenses and declensions, to self-correct more readily. They investigate texts through more critical analysis, identifying how language choices reflect perspectives and shape meaning. Task characteristics at this level are more complex and challenging. Elements of tasks may involve interpreting, creating, evaluating and performing, collaborative as well as independent language planning and performance, and development and strategic use of language and cultural resources.

Learners understand the relationship between language, culture and identity. They explore in more depth and detail the cultural, personal and linguistic processes involved in learning and using a different language. They recognise that deriving meaning from a different language involves interpretation and personal response as well as accurate translation and factual reporting. They explore intercultural communication, and how moving between different languages and cultural systems enables flexibility, and awareness of and openness to alternative ways.

Level of support

Support at this level of learning includes provision of rich and varied stimulus materials, continued scaffolding and modelling of language functions and communicative tasks, and explicit instruction and explanation of the grammatical system, with opportunities for learners to discuss, clarify, practise and apply their knowledge. Critical and constructive teacher feedback combines with peer support and self-review to monitor and evaluate learning outcomes, for example, through portfolios, peer review, e-journals.

The role of English

Modern Greek is used as the primary medium of interaction in both language-oriented and most content-oriented tasks. While learners at this level are able to express some complex concepts and reactions in Modern Greek, English is the medium they use for substantive discussion, explanation and analysis. This allows learners to communicate in depth and detail about their experience of learning Modern Greek, and their thoughts on culture, identity and intercultural experience, at a level that may be beyond their existing ability in Modern Greek.

Years 9 and 10 Content Descriptions


Initiate, sustain and extend interactions by exchanging experiences, seeking and giving advice, and discussing aspirations and relationships

[Key concepts: social awareness, aspirations, interconnectedness, wellbeing; Key processes: interacting, reflecting, comparing] (ACLMGC171 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • sustaining interactions with others by acknowledging, asking for repetition or clarification or questioning further, for example, Συγγνώμη, δεν καταλαβαίνω. Τι είπατε; and responding appropriately, for example, όπως έλεγα πριν, σίγουρα ...
  • interviewing peers to extract information on and evaluate views about aspects of life such as school, future aspirations and relationships, and discussing as a class the major themes and concerns that emerge, for example, Τι γνώμη έχετε για τη σχολική στολή; Τι θέλεις να κάνεις όταν τελειώσεις το σχολείο; Ποιες είναι οι φιλοδοξίες σου για το μέλλον;
  • sharing opinions with peers about events and interests, and incorporating language to express emotions and responses such as approval, gratitude, regret and appreciation, for example, Ωραία! Σε/σας ευχαριστώ, Λυπάμαι / δυστυχώς, Δεν μπορώ, Σύμφωνοι
  • exchanging information with peers in Greece or Cyprus, such as through letters, emails or online discussions, about aspects of school, youth lifestyle and social issues, using comparisons when expressing thoughts and ideas, for example, Τι κάνεις τον ελεύθερο χρόνο σου; Πόσο διαρκούν οι διακοπές σας; Πιστεύεις ότι είναι καλύτερα να ... Πώς διασκεδάζουν οι νέοι;
Take action, and contribute ideas and opinions in collaborative tasks, activities and experiences which involve making decisions, negotiating, planning and shared transactions

[Key concepts: friendship, task, perspective, negotiation; Key processes: transacting, expressing points of view, understanding] (ACLMGC172 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • contributing opinions and suggestions during shared problem-solving tasks, for example, in resolving a disagreement about a planned activity, for example, Η πτήση ακυρώθηκε και πρέπει να αλλάξουμε τα σχέδιά μας, Δεν είμαι απόλυτα σίγουρος, αλλά επειδή δεν έχουμε πλέον καιρό, θα πρέπει να συμφωνήσω
  • organising and participating in activities, such as a volunteer visit to a nursing home to communicate to Greek speakers, and developing a classroom journal to document examples of language used in particular contexts, for example, Σήμερα επισκεφθήκαμε το γεροκομείο όπου γνώρισα μια συμπαθητική γιαγιά ...
  • expressing agreement or disagreement when accepting or declining offers, requests and invitations, for example, inviting peers to attend a celebration or party for example, Θέλεις να πάμε στη θάλασσα; Ευχαριστώ πολύ που με καλέσατε, αλλά έχω πολλή δουλειά
  • planning events and making decisions with peers, for example, choosing a venue for an event, expressing preferences and asking questions to clarify intentions, for example, Πότε θα γίνει ο χορός μας; Προτιμώ να γίνει μετά τις διακοπές. Μήπως πρέπει να καλέσουμε και τον διευθυντή;
  • participating in role-plays to complain about something, such as returning damaged or unsuitable goods, for example, Αυτή η μπλούζα ήταν λερωμένη όταν την αγόρασα / το γάλα αυτό δεν είναι φρέσκο, η ημερομηνία έχει περάσει
Participate in and sustain classroom interactions by elaborating on opinions and ideas and discussing the opinions and views of others

[Key concepts: interaction, contribution; Key processes: stating views, discussing, sharing experiences] (ACLMGC173 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • participating in class discussions on topics of interest to young people, for example, Θέλω να πάω διακοπές, Πού θα πας το Σάββατο; Ποια είναι η γνώμη σου για το θέμα αυτό; Ποια είναι τα θετικά και αρνητικά του/της, τα υπέρ και τα κατά του/της ...
  • interacting with peers to manage shared learning experiences, considering and commenting on the contributions and views of others, for example, Το ίδιο έπαθα/έκανα και εγώ, συγχαρητήρια, καλή ιδέα
  • comparing experiences and challenges in shared activities, and expressing own opinions such as agreement or disagreement with others, for example, Διαφωνώ / συμφωνώ με τον/την, πολύ σωστά, αντίθετα ... δεν είναι έτσι
  • managing interactions with peers in class activities such as games or events, by taking turns or different roles, giving encouragement and praise, for example, Μπράβο σου, Ήσουν καλός/η, Τέλεια, Σειρά σου τώρα, Ας ανταλλάξουμε ρόλους


Obtain, analyse and evaluate information and ideas from multiple spoken, written, print or digital sources on a range of issues

[Key concepts: information, representation; Key processes: analysing, evaluating, synthesising] (ACLMGC174 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • gathering information from different sources and reporting to others, for example, interpreting a weather report or a map, for example, Αύριο στη Θεσσαλονίκη ο καιρός θα είναι άστατος με πιθανές βροχές, επομένως, Γιάννη, δεν θα μπορέσουμε να πάμε εκδρομή
  • extracting information, discussing gist and evaluating main ideas of texts, such as a conversation, film or music review, advertisement or article, for example, Η υπόθεση του έργου είναι ... , Ο συγγραφέας προσπαθεί να μας δείξει ..., Ο νέος δίσκος του τραγουδιστή … είναι υπέροχος …
  • analysing reports of an event from a range of sources, and comparing different perspectives, for example, statements from a victim and witnesses to a crime (Τον είδα να κλέβει τα χρήματα ... Δεν το έκανα εγώ)
  • accessing informative texts such as news reports or feature articles, noting key words, specialised terms or points of information to be used in own news report, for example, Στο αποψινό μας ρεπορτάζ, ο ανταποκριτής μας από την Πάτρα θα μας ...
  • researching aspects of Greek culture and choosing and explaining a particular course of action, for example, a suitable time to visit Greece and Cyprus, or a suitable holiday for Greek-speaking visitors to Australia,for example, designing a poster for Greek visitors to Australia, Επισκεφτείτε την πανέμορφη Αυστραλία με τις υπέροχες παραλίες της και ...
Adapt and present information, ideas and opinions on a range of issues in a variety of text types and modes selected to suit audience and purpose

[Key concepts: information, representation, evaluation; Key processes: interpreting, evaluating, explaining, synthesising, presenting] (ACLMGC175 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • presenting texts on a range of topics to inform others, for example, a weather report, a magazine article about an event, a travel brochure promoting a local region or product
  • designing texts such as an advertisement or magazine cover for a particular audience, explaining cultural references and using techniques and effects such as images, music and colour
  • conveying own ideas and information in a range of texts for different audiences, using examples of media texts such as television reports, video clips or social media
  • presenting ideas and information selected from samples of spoken, written and digital texts which convey cultural as well as content information, for example, newspaper headlines, advertisements, notices in public places, graffiti, providing explanations of particular linguistic and cultural aspects
  • creating informative texts for a range of audiences, such as posters, brochures and web pages promoting new music releases, a favourite holiday destination, the healthy Mediterranean diet


Interpret and discuss different imaginative texts, expressing and justifying opinions on aspects such as themes, mood, emotions and language choices

[Key concepts: imagination, experience; Key processes: interpreting, relating, connecting, justifying] (ACLMGC176 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • interpreting images, gesture and language choices to convey cultural concepts and ideas in Greek songs, films and performances
  • reading, viewing and listening to imaginative texts in a variety of modes to explore and discuss how aspects of Greek society and culture are represented, for example, current social themes such as youth issues, identity
  • discussing how imaginative texts such as films, plays and songs portray social issues in everyday life such as relationships, generation gap
  • responding to texts and explaining how mood is created and narrative developed through language and expression, language choice, use of metaphors, humour, suspense, surprise
  • analysing imaginative texts, discussing how language, culture and literary devices are used to portray characters, places or events to evoke humorous or emotional responses
  • comparing lyrics, themes and styles of popular Greek and English language songs, explaining similarities and differences in language use, cultural aspects and modes of expression
Create and perform a variety of imaginative texts for different audiences, manipulating language and experimenting with different techniques such as imagery or sound effects

[Key concepts: imagination, experience; Key processes: experimenting, performing, expressing] (ACLMGC177 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • creating texts with various settings, characters and events, for example, animated or adventure stories, songs, games or short films, using a range of devices such as imagery and sound effects to entertain
  • creating and presenting various types of texts, such as skits or scripts for role-plays, considering characters, themes and settings, for different audiences
  • designing and presenting posters and advertisements for real and imaginary situations or products, such as advertising an Australian product for the Greek market and vice versa
  • using a familiar text type, such as those found in social media or a blog, to describe an imaginative experience, such as their first day as an exchange student in a school in Greece or Cyprus


Translate and analyse a range of texts from Greek to English and vice versa, comparing interpretations and explaining differences in meaning

[Key concepts: equivalence, representation; Key processes: translating, analysing, comparing] (ACLMGC178 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • exchanging translations of familiar texts with peers, through email or shared spaces such as ePals, and discussing different versions to develop a whole-class translation
  • translating, analysing and explaining expressions and idioms encountered in Greek texts, finding ways to convey the meaning and cultural significance, for example, Φαγητά της ώρας, Τα έκανα θάλασσα
  • translating stories for others, analysing how words can have different meanings when used in different ways in a sentence and explaining the differences to others, for example, in using Πώς πας (στο σχολείο; – με λεωφορείο), Πώς πας (σήμερα Ανδρέα; - τι κάνεις;), Πώς πας (με την εργασία σου; - προχωράς, δυσκολεύεσαι;), Γεια σου (hello, goodbye, cheers, bless you)
  • translating texts to identify and evaluate cultural elements and influences, for example, proverbs and sayings Στου κουφού την πόρτα όσο θέλεις βρόντα, Ας τα λέμε καλά, Τα πολλά λόγια είναι φτώχεια
Create a range of bilingual texts for a variety of purposes and audiences, reflecting on how meaning can be conveyed effectively

[Key concepts: bilingualism, meaning; Key processes: adjusting, interpreting, reflecting] (ACLMGC179 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • creating bilingual digital/multimedia texts for Greek speakers in Australia, for example, leaflets promoting the arrival of a famous performer or sports team from Greece or Cyprus
  • creating bilingual digital/multimedia or online texts, such as a children’s story to read to primary school children, for example, the Spot books, Πού είναι ο Σποτ; comparing aspects of language and culture and discussing with peers and teachers how meaning can be conveyed effectively
  • producing bilingual texts such as articles and brochures for different contexts and purposes, and reflecting on the process of working in both Greek and English, for example, an information leaflet for Greek exchange students coming to Australia or for a student study tour to Greece or Cyprus
  • corresponding online with Greek-speaking peers to compare experiences and attitudes, making choices about how to represent intended meaning, for example, exchanging views and opinions about school subjects and future aspirations, Στην Ελλάδα το μάθημα αυτό το λέμε ...


Reflect on issues related to intercultural experiences, questioning preconceptions and generalisations, and taking responsibility for modifying language and behaviours

[Key concepts: understanding, intercultural experience; Key processes: communicating, observing, reflecting, responding] (ACLMGC180 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • reflecting on learning and using Greek, and communication misunderstandings and breakdowns, discussing repair and recovery strategies and insights gained
  • reflecting on gestures, intonation patterns and facial expressions that are different in Greek, and recognising how some could be adopted in other contexts and situations
  • exchanging correspondence online/digitally with peers in Greek-speaking communities and reflecting on differences and similarities in language use and conventions and cultural nuances
  • reflecting on and discussing ways of modifying own language and behaviours to communicate effectively with Greek speakers, for example, keeping a record of required modifications for intercultural experiences
  • sharing responsibility for modifying language and behaviours through providing feedback to other learners
Engage in intercultural experience, reflecting on own cultural identity and how this shapes personal ways of communicating and thinking

[Key concepts: self, interconnection across concepts and actions; Key processes: reflecting, discussing, analysing, evaluating] (ACLMGC181 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • monitoring, evaluating and recording own experiences and reactions when communicating in Greek, for example, by keeping an online or digital diary or journal and considering how perspectives may have changed over time
  • reflecting on and discussing own ways of communicating and behaving and how these may be interpreted by Greek speakers, considering concepts such as ‘culture’, ‘attitudes’, ‘assumptions’ and ‘values’
  • reflecting on the experiences of Greek migrants when they came to Australia, discussing the impact they have made on Australian society and the issue of cultural identity

Systems of language

Use pronunciation rules and apply features of spoken Greek such as intonation, stress and rhythm to polysyllabic words, and extend to more advanced spelling and punctuation rules

[Key concept: sound and writing systems; Key processes: applying, expanding] (ACLMGU182 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • recognising that pronunciation, rhythm and tempo help in making meaning in interactions and applying this knowledge to own communication
  • comparing English and Greek sounds and spelling to support pronunciation of familiar and unfamiliar words and expressions, for example, astronaut/αστροναύτης, school/σχολείο, mathematics/μαθηματικά
  • using accentuation correctly and with appropriate pronunciation, for example, τσάι, παίχτης, οικόπεδο
  • applying appropriate pronunciation of ια, ιε, ιο, ιό, ιου with different preceding letters
  • recognising that the sound ‘I’ is represented by the following letters, depending on the context: I , ι, H, η, Y, υ, Eι, ει, Οι, οι
  • recognising the different pronunciation of the digraphs/diphthongs, for example, αυ - αυτοκίνητο and αυλή, ευ - ευχαριστώ and ευγενικός, μπ, ντ, γκ, γγ, τσ, τζ
  • recognising that double letters in Greek sound the same in most cases, for example, ιππόδρομος, Γιάννης
  • building phonic awareness by using and experimenting with sounds and rhythms, for example, γέρος, γερός
  • reinforcing pronunciation, phrasing and intonation skills by reciting and repeating words and phrases in context
  • recognising the role of stress and rhythm in creating emphasis
  • using appropriate spelling and punctuation in a range of written texts
Understand and apply grammatical structures, such as passive and active voice, negation, word order and time clauses, recognising that they serve particular functions and that grammatical choices shape meaning

[Key concept: grammatical system; Key processes: analysing, selecting, applying] (ACLMGU183 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • choosing appropriate terms to describe events across time (present, past and future) and choosing appropriate tense, for example, Φέτος θα πάω διακοπές στην Κύπρο, Πέρσι γύρισα όλη την Έλλαδα
  • recognising the order of pronouns to emphasise who is carrying out an action or to refer to a person or thing, and applying agreement in gender and number to identify subject and object, for example, Κανείς δεν είναι τέλειος, Μου αρέσουν αυτοί που λένε την αλήθεια
  • using a range of adverbs and adjectives to modify and intensify meaning of verbs and adjectives, for example, ακριβώς, αρκετά, πολύ, λίγο, πολλή
  • using cohesive devices such as conjunctions to link, clarify and sequence ideas and modify meaning in written and spoken texts, for example, Αφού δεν είχα αρκετά λεφτά, γύρισα σπίτι μου, γιατί, επειδή, αλλά, και, τότε
  • responding to and using imperative mood, for example, ελάτε, γράψε
  • using a range of nouns and adjectives and possessive forms, for example, μου/μας/σου/του/της/τους, δικό τους, δικά μας
  • seeking information using a range of questions, for example, Tι; Mήπως ξέρεις; Πώς; Πού; Γιατί; Πότε;
  • continuing to build a metalanguage to describe grammatical concepts and develop learning resources, for example, verb charts, vocabulary lists, groups of pronouns, adverbs or adjectives
Discuss the interrelationship between linguistic elements, context, purpose, audience and structure of a wide range of text types, such as poetry, biographies, blogs, emails and advertisements, and identify how cultural elements are incorporated

[Key concepts: context, culture, perspective; Key processes: comparing, analysing, identifying] (ACLMGU184 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • recognising main features of a range of text types in Greek, for example, emails, plays, songs, poetry, and discussing how they are used and how they add to the richness of the text
  • analysing texts, such as advertisements and magazine articles, and discussing linguistic and cultural elements
  • reading, viewing and listening to different texts in Greek, paying attention to how messages can be expressed for different audiences and purposes, for example, reading messages on social media sites, emails, blogs
  • discussing language appropriate to particular text types, such as descriptive language in documentaries and persuasive language in advertisements
  • explaining form, features and purposes of texts, such as how they are organised in terms of layout, headings, sequencing of ideas and stylistic devices, for example, informative language in documentaries and persuasive language in advertisements

Language variation and change

Analyse culturally specific ways of interacting in Greek and how and why language use varies according to cultural contexts, considering why these differ from interactions in English or in other languages

[Key concepts: norms, variation; Key processes: analysing, comparing] (ACLMGU185 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • comparing texts created for different audiences, such as advertisements, brochures and signs, noticing how language use reflects ideas and messages that are relevant to a particular audience
  • investigating the nature and use of Greek language in different contexts of interaction, for example, asking Greek-speaking students in Australia with whom they communicate in Greek and for what purposes, reflecting on similarities and differences to interactions in English or other languages
  • analysing a range of correspondence and dialogue to identify features of language that affect levels of formality, such as the use of the subjunctive, imperative mood and plural polite register, for example, Αγαπημένε μου φίλε Γιάννη, γεια σου, Αξιότιμη κυρία Λασκαρίδη, Πες μου, Πείτε μου, Ας μιλήσουμε, Για να σε ακούσω
  • identifying English words in the Greek language, for example, πάρκινγκ, ζάπινγκ, and discussing their emergence and use
Reflect on the dynamic and ecological nature of language, recognising that Modern Greek still uses some words and phrases from earlier Greek versions of its language, and that all languages influence each other

[Key concepts: dynamic systems, impact; Key processes: analysing, reflecting] (ACLMGU186 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • examining traditional and contemporary Greek texts and identifying expressions still in use today, for example, Εν τω μεταξύ
  • recognising how English is modifying Greek language use in particular spheres, for example, language used in the entertainment industry, films and television programs, or language used to express modern concepts, for example, το ματς, το φαστφουντάδικο , να μπω στο ίντερνετ, σε φόρουμ , κάνω τσατ/τσατάρω or language used to keep up with trends, for example, ρελάξ , OK, κουλ
  • recognising that language changes over time, for example, by viewing Greek films in historical settings and those in contemporary settings and discussing the language used

Role of language and culture

Understand that language, culture and communication are interrelated and shaped by each other, and recognise how this impacts on attitudes and beliefs

[Key concepts: culture, language, meaning, values and attitudes; Key processes: discussing, reflecting, comparing] (ACLMGU187 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Ethical Understanding
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • Sustainability
  • collecting examples of Greek in the local landscape, for example, in particular parts of the city such as marketplaces, exhibitions or cultural events, and discussing the influence and significance of Greek language and culture on the sustainability of communities in Australia today
  • reflecting on the impact of Greek migration on many other languages and cultures, for example, by conducting a classroom project on Greek ideas which have shaped and influenced the world
  • recognising the importance of learning and using different languages to access the cultural practices, values and beliefs of others
  • analysing and describing how language use and culture are interrelated and reflect and shape relationships, practices and attitudes across Greek-speaking communities

Years 9 and 10 Achievement Standards

By the end of Year 10, students use written and spoken Greek to initiate, sustain and extend formal and informal interactions with teachers, peers and others in a range of settings such as, Τι θα κάνεις μετά το σχολείο; They use language spontaneously to respond to others, seek and give advice (for example, Δεν ξέρω τι να κάνω), contribute ideas and opinions, describe relationships, discuss aspirations (for example, Θέλω να κάνω ένα ταξίδι), compare experiences and express opinions on issues of interest such as, Πώς θα προστατέψουμε το δάσος; They interact with others to take action, make decisions, negotiate, plan and organise events and complete transactions. They sustain and extend conversations by elaborating on opinions and ideas, expanding questions, and seeking and discussing responses and opinions. They apply appropriate pronunciation, rhythm and stress in spoken Greek in their interactions. They analyse and evaluate ideas and information obtained from multiple spoken and written sources on a range of issues such as, Η τεχνολογία σήμερα, Πού μιλάνε τα ελληνικά; They present information using different text types and modes of presentation to suit different audiences and to achieve different purposes (for example, blog για το σχολικό περιοδικό για τη μόδα, μιά μουσική εκδήλωση). They share their responses to different imaginative texts by expressing and justifying opinions on language use, themes, moods and emotions. They manipulate language and use different techniques to produce imaginative texts for different audiences. When creating texts, they use a variety of grammatical elements, such as passive and active voice (for example, Καθόμουν, Θα καθίσω, Έλα κάθισε), negation (for example, Ούτε τώρα, ούτε ποτέ), word order and time clauses (for example, Μιλούσε στο τηλέφωνο όταν τον είδα), to shape meaning (for example, Όταν έρθεις σπίτι μου, θα πάμε να φάμε έξω). They accurately apply rules of punctuation and spelling to their own written constructions. Students translate and analyse a range of texts, compare interpretations and explain differences. They create a range of bilingual texts that convey intended meaning for a variety of purposes and audiences. They explain the relationship between language, culture and identity, question assumptions and modify language and behaviours in intercultural interactions as appropriate.

Students analyse a range of texts to identify cultural elements and perspectives and to explain the interrelationship between linguistic elements, context, purpose, audience and structure. They give examples of how language use varies according to cultural contexts, explaining why Greek interactions differ from those in English or other languages. They explain why Greek, like other languages, is fluid and dynamic as well as solid and influential. They explain ways in which language and culture are interrelated and influence each other.

Years 9 and 10 Work Sample Portfolios