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Context statement

The place of the Korean culture and language in Australia and the world
Korean is the language of one of Australia’s important neighbours in the Asian region and is spoken by around 80 million people in the Korean Peninsula and worldwide.

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PDF documents

Resources and support materials for the Australian Curriculum: Languages - Korean are available as PDF documents. 
Languages - Korean: Sequence of content
Languages - Korean: Sequence of Achievement - F-10 Sequence
Languages - Korean: Sequence …

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Years 5 and 6

Years 5 and 6 Band Description

The nature of the learners

At this level, students are widening their social networks, experiences and communication repertoires in both their first language and Korean. They continue to need guidance and participate in structured, collaborative tasks that both recycle and extend language. Students are gaining greater independence and becoming more conscious of their peers and social context. They are gaining greater awareness of the world around them. They are noticing additional similarities and differences between Korean language and culture and their own.

Korean language learning and use

Learners increasingly use Korean for a range of everyday interactions and in classroom activities to communicate with their teacher and peers. They share ideas and opinions on a range of topics related to personal interests and wellbeing and those drawn from other learning areas through collaborative and shared tasks. They make simple arrangements and transactions, organise and present information and create performances based on real or imaginative experiences with support of scaffolding and modelled language. They express, reason or elaborate on opinions using language in complex structures as set phrases. As they build their competence in Korean, learners comprehend and produce short texts such as songs, video clips, role-plays, skits and stories, using simple structures and familiar vocabulary. With increasing literacy in Hangeul, learners make connections between spoken and written forms of Korean and begin to read and write short texts in Hangeul. Students apply spacing and spelling rules to their reading and writing with increasing grammatical and phonological awareness. They develop metalinguistic knowledge of basic forms and structures and of honorification in Korean, and use it with their knowledge of grammar and vocabulary to predict meaning of unfamiliar language.

Contexts of interaction

Learners interact in Korean with each other and the teacher, and may communicate with peers in Korea using technology. Tasks at this level are typically collaborative, structured and sometimes competitive, such as games, class displays and performances. Korean traditional games such as yunnori that involve interactive and spontaneous language use, collaborative problem-solving procedures, collective decision-making and physical movements are integrated into tasks. Learners may notice use of Korean in the media and wider community and have access to Korean speakers and cultural resources through the use of ICT.

Texts and resources

Learners engage with a range of published texts in print and digital forms such as readers, stories, songs and computer-based language learning materials, as well as those prepared by the teacher of Korean, including language exercises, games and presentations. Learners may have extra access to Korean language and culture resources through texts created for the Korean community such as websites, television programs and music or video clips.

Features of Korean language use

Learners expand their knowledge of Korean vocabulary, grammar and honorific elements. They are aware of some patterns of sound changes at syllable boundaries such as 연음법칙, 비음화 and 구개음화 in familiar words and expressions. They express past tense and use some verb phrases in complex structures as set phrases. They are increasingly familiar with verb-final sentence structures, and basic case markers and particles, noticing the importance of grammatical elements such as particles or suffixes rather than word order in making sense of Korean sentences. They use a range of vocabulary including basic common descriptive and action verbs, number words with counters, basic adverbs and simple negations. They develop a metalanguage for describing aspects of the Korean language and how it works. Learners are increasingly aware of the relationship between language and culture, and of the dynamic nature of language. They explore the relationship between language and identity and how attitudes are shaped by cultural perspectives and revealed through language, and consider their own cultural and communicative behaviours.

Level of support

While learners are gradually gaining independence in learning, they still need ongoing support, including explicit instruction, structured modelling and scaffolding with stimulus materials. Task activities incorporate implicit form-focused language learning approaches and examples of texts. Learners start using dictionaries with teacher support and have access to word charts, vocabulary lists and electronic and print reference resources.

The role of English

Korean is the primary language for classroom routines and language learning tasks with English in a supporting role. While it is encouraged to use as much Korean for discussion, reflection and explanation and for the content drawn from other learning areas as possible, the use of English for these aspects of learning activities ensures the continued development of learners’ knowledge base and intercultural capability. The language of response varies according to task demands, with Korean used primarily for communicating in structured and supported tasks and for familiar interactions, and English for open-ended, comparative tasks and discussions that develop understanding of language and culture.


Years 5 and 6 Content Descriptions

Socialising

Describe people, places, objects and everyday routines relating to school and home environments; express feelings and share interests and preferences

[Key concepts: routine, interests, leisure; Key processes: describing, corresponding, interacting] (ACLKOC153 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • exchanging experiences of everyday life and leisure activities using –해요/했어요 as a chunk, for example, 오늘 한국어를 공부해요 / 어제 영어를 공부했어요
  • sharing experiences and feelings such asweekend activities and likes/dislikes using 나/저도 …–어/아요 and 나/저도 …–었/았어요 as set phrases, for example, 나/저도 좋아요/좋았어요,나/저도 한국어를 공부해요/공부했어요
  • interacting via different modes of communication including class blogs or wikis to exchange personal information and to express opinions, for example, … 어때요/어땠어요?
  • recounting experiences with family and friends in speaking and writing, for example, in conversations, diaries or blogs (토요일에 저는 친구하고 쇼핑했어요.제니하고 웨스트필드에 갔어요 ...)
Collaborate in group tasks and shared experiences that involve making collective arrangements, such as making decisions or suggestions in group games, or creating and performing a role-play that involves simple transactional exchanges

[Key concepts: task, organisation; Key processes: planning, organising, decision-making] (ACLKOC154 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Asia and Australia’s Engagement with Asia
  • making collaborative decisions and arrangements using Korean in traditional Korean games either in online or offline mode, for example, playing 윷놀이(yunnori) counting (하나, 둘, …), ordering (첫 번째, 두 번째, …), numbering (일, 이, 삼, …) and using other expressions in Korean to decide on the movement of markers
  • creating and performing role-plays such as simulating simple transactions that involve asking for or giving prices or asking for goods or services, for example, 얼마예요?; 오천 원이에요; 아이스크림 한 개 주세요
  • allocating and swapping roles in group games or simulated transactional exchanges
Interact in classroom activities such as creating and following shared class rules and procedures, expressing opinions and asking for permission or clarification

[Key concepts: interaction, politeness; Key processes: requesting, clarifying] (ACLKOC155 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • expressing opinions using set phrases such as 저는 ...이/가 맞는/틀린 것 같아요, for example, 저는 미나가 맞는 것 같아요
  • asking for permission using ...에 가도 돼요? as a set phrase, for example, 화장실에 가도 돼요?
  • asking for clarification, for example, … 이/가 한국어로 뭐예요?
  • giving advice and reminders to peers, for example, 빨리/천천히 해요; 숙제했어요?

Informing

Listen to, view and read texts for specific information drawn from a range of sources relating to social and cultural worlds in different times, places and communities, and to different learning areas

[Key concepts: lifestyle, event, environment; Key processes: collating, comparing, tabulating] (ACLKOC156 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Numeracy
  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • identifying information in texts such as advertisements, conversations, brochures and announcements, and sharing this information with others in another format, for example, presenting a chart of favourite television programs or computer games
  • reading texts and extracting key points about an issue or topic (such as weather, types of activities for young people, daily routines), and sharing information with peers, for example, 날씨가 어때요? 비가 와요; 언제 만나요? 내일 두 시에 만나요
  • reading, viewing and listening to texts to collect information about concepts related to other learning areas such as the arts, humanities and science
  • identifying and comparing perspectives represented in spoken and written informative texts, for example, 누가 썼어요/말했어요? ...이/가 맞는 것 같아요? 왜 맞아요?
Convey ideas and information indifferent modes to suit particular audiences and contexts on subjects of interest to young people

[Key concepts: content, audience, purpose; Key processes: describing, reporting, using digital tools] (ACLKOC157 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • creating a website for a contact group of Korean students, posting information on own interests and experiences, for example, 방학, 친구, 운동, 미디어, and using resources such as sound, visuals or graphics to highlight elements which may be unfamiliar to Korean students
  • constructing a visual, digital or narrative profile of the local community for people arriving from overseas, collecting information from public and community texts such as fliers, newsletters, advertisements and brochures
  • creating a video clip to present information or ideas to a particular audience, for example, a virtual tour of the school or classroom for exchange student groups
  • creating an interactive display or performance to inform younger children of the benefits of learning Korean

Creating

Share responses to a range of imaginative texts in different forms including digital texts by expressing opinions and feelings about key ideas, characters and actions, making connections with own experience or feelings

[Key concepts: fact, fiction; Key process: expressing, describing, explaining] (ACLKOC158 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • listening to and viewing texts in various modes including those in digital mode (for example, performances, game shows and artwork), sharing opinions or feelings about them using expressions such as … 어때요?; 좋아요/좋았어요; 재미있어요/재미있었어요
  • producing storyboards to represent key events in different types of imaginative texts, including captions or word bubbles to capture moods or feelings, for example, 무서워요; 행복해요; 이상해요
  • asking about and providing reasons for feelings and opinions using 왜요? and 왜냐하면 … as set phrases
  • responding to questions about characters, events or effects in different types of imaginative texts such as puppet shows, stories and films, using modelled language to express reactions, for example, 용감해요, 예뻐요, 슬퍼요, 아파요
  • comparing favourite characters in stories, plays or cartoons, listing words or expressions associated with their personality (…은/는 착해요, 예뻐요, 멋있어요, 무서워요,이상해요, …) and explaining how they can relate to them (저는 …이/가 좋아요, 싫어요, …)
Compose and perform a variety of creative texts based on a stimulus concept or theme, sharing them face-to-face and online to present to different audiences

[Key concepts: imagination, expression; Key processes: performing, creating] (ACLKOC159 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • composing texts for own and others’ enjoyment and interest, for example, a description of an imaginary character, animal or event
  • creating texts to share with others face-to- face or online, for example, a commercial for a new product, a short film, video clip or rap, or a poster for an imagined event
  • creating and performing alternative versions of known songs or raps by creating lyrics with support of language model or scaffolding
  • creating a poem, rap or song, experimenting with rhyme and rhythm, for example, writing a shape poem, an acrostic poem or 삼행시

Translating

Translate simple texts identifying words and expressions that may not readily correspond across languages, and expanding descriptions or giving examples where necessary to clarify meaning

[Key concepts: correspondence, interpretation; Key processes: selecting, interpreting, translating] (ACLKOC160 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • Asia and Australia’s Engagement with Asia
  • creating Korean versions of Australian school signs and notices, considering why some words or expressions require freer translation than others, for example, the sports oval, the tuckshop, the office
  • identifying words in Korean and English that cannot be readily translated, clarifying meanings for such words by providing examples, explanations or extra information, for example, (‘rice as a crop’), (‘rice as raw grains’), (‘cooked rice/meals’)
  • interpreting Korean expressions in familiar texts such as greeting cards or story titles that do not translate easily into English, for example, 생신 축하합니다, considering how these expressions reflect aspects of Korean language or culture
Create bilingual texts and resources such as signs, notices, captions, displays, websites or word banks for own learning, and share them in the school community and with learners of Korean in the virtual community

[Key concepts: bilingualism; Key processes: translating, comparing, modifying] (ACLKOC161 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • creating bilingual texts for digital or multimodal resources for the community, for example, a virtual tour for school with signs, notices, labels and short comments in Korean and English, for example, 조용히 하세요 (‘Be quiet’), 도서실 (‘Library’)
  • creating parallel lists of informal Korean and English expressions for everyday interactions with friends and family in print and digital modes
  • composing bilingual texts such as posters for class or school assembly performances, events or displays, for example, 10 월 3일 개천절
  • constructing and co-maintaining a bilingual website with a sister- school or contact group ofyoung learners of English in a Korean- speaking community

Reflecting

Examine their perceptions of and reactions to Korean culture embedded in the language, and reflect on the relationship between language and culture

[Key concepts: etiquette, reaction, assumption; Key processes: comparing, describing, reflecting] (ACLKOC162 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • Asia and Australia’s Engagement with Asia
  • finding examples of the significance of gestures across cultures, for example, (not) making eye contact when talking to older people, and reflecting on these
  • comparing interactions between Korean speakers and interactions in similar Australian contexts by observing them in their immediate environments or from resources such as video clips or films (for example, students and teachers, or people interacting on the street or in shops, identifying who bows at the beginning and end of the interaction, who uses –요 at the end of sentences or how they shake hands)
  • recognising and exploring cultural aspects embedded in or accompanying language use, for example, the use of honorifics and different terms of address
  • noticing the impact of their own assumptions about Korean people and culture when engaging with texts, and considering what assumptions Koreans might hold about Australian people and culture
    • Asia and Australia’s Engagement with Asia
Explore connections between aspects of identity such as nationality, ethnicity and language use, considering how these are related to culture and own identity, and to learning Korean language and culture

[Key concepts: sense of belonging, identity; Key processes: comparing, relating, reflecting] (ACLKOC163 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • experiencing aspects of traditional Korean culture, for example, trying on traditional costumes (한복) or carrying out traditional performances (for example, 사물놀이), and commenting on the experience, for example, 한복이 멋있어요; 한복을 입어 보세요; 사물놀이가재미있어요, comparing their experiences of Korean culture with their own culture/s, making connections between them
  • reflecting on their individual cultural experiences and relating these to the enrichment of their sense of identity
  • considering whether learning and using Korean impacts on their sense of identity either in or out of the classroom

Systems of language

Understand the relationships between letters and sounds, and between intonation and punctuation/printing conventions in Korean, applying this understanding to own speech, reading and writing

[Key concepts: pronunciation, spelling, punctuation, correspondence; Key processes: recognising, analysing, relating, predicting] (ACLKOU164 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • pronouncing words following basic pronunciation rules, for example, pronouncing 한국어, 같이 and 감사합니다 as 항구거, 가치 and 감사함니다
  • using basic punctuation in writing, including a question mark (?) for questions and a full stop (.) for other types of sentences
  • recognising spacing and spelling rules in reading and writing, for example, 소라가 방에 있어요 versus 소라 가방에 있어요
  • comparing spacing and spelling rules in Korean with such rules in English and other known languages
Understand and use aspects of the Korean grammatical system such as verb conjugations, suffixes, some particles, basic conjunctions and the honorific system, building a metalanguage to talk about basic grammatical features in Korean

[Key concepts: grammatical rules, grammatical terminology, forms, functions, speech levels; Key processes: classifying, applying, explaining, distinguishing] (ACLKOU165 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • expressing simple events occurring in the past using –었/았–, for example, 캔버라에 살았어요
  • making simple negation using and , for example, 비가 안 와요, 김치를 못먹었어요
  • expressing events occurring in sequence by using:
    • conjunctive adverbs such as 그리고 at the beginning of the second of two sentences, for example, 밥을 먹어요. 그리고 운동해요
    • a conjunctive suffix (clausal connective) in acoordinative structure –고, for example, 밥을 먹고 운동해요
  • using particles –하고 (as a meaning of ‘together with’) and –에서, for example, 친구하고 쇼핑했어요, 학교에서 공부해요
  • using a structure, a noun + –(으)로, as a set phrase and understanding the meaning of the particle –(으)로, for example, 펜으로 쓰세요. 한국어로 뭐예요?
  • using the complex structures –(으)ㄴ/는 것 같다 and –도 되다 in the informal polite style ending –‍어/아요 to express opinions and give/request permission, for example, 맞는 것 같아요; 가도 돼요?
  • using question words to ask about reasons and prices in set phrases 왜요? and 얼마예요? and asking about states, feelings or opinions using 어때요, for example, 영화가 어땠어요?
  • recognising the formal polite ending –ㅂ/습니다 and the intimate ending –어/아, 해, and understanding the different contexts where different levels of politeness and formality are indicated by verb endings, for example, 미안합니다/미안해요/미안해
  • recognising how word orders are different and syntactic functions are realised differently in simple sentences in Korean and English, for example, ‘저는 (subject) 사과를 (object) 먹어요 (verb)’ versus ‘I (subject) eat (verb) an apple (object)’
Identify and use appropriate terms and expressions, such as honorific and qualifying words and counters for specific purposes and contexts

[Key concepts: honorification, time, descriptive/action verbs, context; Key processes: predicting, applying, relating] (ACLKOU166 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Numeracy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • using vocabulary to describe basic activities in school and home environments including leisure activities using common verbs such as 공부해요,쇼핑해요, 운동해요, 먹어요, 살아요, …, and nouns such as names of basic facilities (방, 교실, 화장실, ...) and of the days of the week (월요일,화요일, …)
  • describing emotions, feelings or viewpoints using basic descriptive verbs, for example, 재미있어요, 무서워요, 행복해요, 이상해요, 용감해요, 예뻐요, 슬퍼요, 맞아요, 틀려요, 싫어요, 아파요, 멋있어요
  • describing the weather using 날씨가 좋아요/나빠요 or 비가 와요 as set phrases
  • using basic words specifically related to everyday life of Koreans, for example, 밥, 김치
  • using basic adverbs to describe ways in which a certain action takes place, for example, 빨리, 천천히, 조용히 (빨리 하세요, 천천히 가세요, 조용히 하세요) and to indicate time using 어제, 오늘 and 내일
  • using basic honorific/humble words appropriately for peers or adults, for example, 생신, 계세요, 저
  • using counters with numbers in two systems (장, 잔, 권, 그루, 송이, 원, 시, 분, 번째, …) and Arabic numerals with appropriate pronunciations, for example, 책 세 권, 10살,6학년, 7시
Identify and use distinctive features of different types of spoken and written texts in Korean such as salutations in different contexts

[Key concepts: genre, structure, audience; Key processes: comparing, connecting, applying] (ACLKOU167 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • identifying the functions of parts of simple discourse such as letters/cards of invitation, for example, … 에게/께 (‘to’ in salutation) and … (으)로부터/올림 (‘from’ in closing), and comparing them with English
  • identifying the purpose, context and intended audience of a range of familiar texts, for example, phone messages, sports reports, take-away food orders
  • recognising differences between spoken and written texts, noting that some types of text such as emails or text messages combine elements of each

Language variation and change

Recognise that variables such as age and personal and social relationships impact on language use in Korean, considering similar variations in language use in English and other languages represented in the classroom

[Key concepts: social distance/affinity, cross-cultural differences; Key processes: identifying, analysing, reflecting] (ACLKOU168 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • recognising social relationships between participants in interactions through their language use, for example, 미안합니다/미안해요/미안해
  • reflecting on how such differences are expressed in own and other cultures and languages
  • analysing how the language of texts such as invitations and greeting cards can vary depending on the occasion and the degree of closeness of the relationship between people
Recognise the dynamic nature of languages and cultures, and the changing and influential relationships that exist between languages

[Key concepts: language contact, change; Key processes: collecting data, identifying, connecting, reflecting] (ACLKOU169 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures
  • Asia and Australia’s Engagement with Asia
  • listening to and viewing stories onthe creation of Hangeul and reflecting on the background/rationale for its creation, for example, stories about 세종대왕, 홍익인간, • (천), ㅡ (지), ㅣ (인)
  • sharing knowledge of some historical aspects of own languages, including Australian English and Aboriginal languages, for example, koala/gula, kangaroo/gangurru
    • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures
  • identifying Korean words used in Australia and sharing own experience of using/encountering them, for example, 비빔밥 (bibimbap), 아리랑 (arirang)
  • matching Korean loan words from English and other languages, and exploring their origins, for example, 피아노 (piano), 피자 (pizza), 케밥 (kebab)
    • Asia and Australia’s Engagement with Asia
Investigate how language can be used to influence people, ideas and the understanding of cultures

[Key concepts: perceptions, influence; Key processes: comparing, explaining, predicting, reflecting] (ACLKOU170 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • exploring various ways language is used to influence perceptions of people, through verbal interactions, for example, using polite language or slang, or other means of communicating, for example, fashion or graphic design
  • experimenting with spoken and written Korean to enhance and explore others’ perceptions of Korea and Korean, forexample, by designing art work using Korean letters/expressions and by predicting and reflecting on responses
    • Asia and Australia’s Engagement with Asia

Role of language and culture

Explore how beliefs and value systems are reflected in everyday language use

[Key concepts: diversity, beliefs, attitudes; Key processes: examining connections, comparing, describing, reflecting] (ACLKOU171 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Ethical Understanding
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • understanding the significance of social conventions and cultural concepts, for example, 잘 먹겠습니다, 잘 먹었습니다
  • reflecting on diverse interpretations of everyday language use in Korean, for example, possible interpretations of such phrases as 어디 가요? and 밥 먹었어요? as either greetings or genuine questions depending on the context
  • reflecting on and comparing culturally embedded meanings of equivalent proverbs inKorean and English, providing possible reasons for the differences in expression of the same meaning, for example, 식은 죽먹기 versus ‘piece of cake’

Years 5 and 6 Achievement Standards

By the end of Year 6, students engage in classroom interactions to carry out collaborative tasks, to exchange information and to express feelings and ideas related to specific contexts, personal interests and daily routines at home and school. They ask and answer questions with appropriate intonation and gestures, changing sounds on syllable boundaries in a word as appropriate (for example, pronouncing words such as 한국어, 같이 and 감사합니다 as 항구거, 가치 and 감사함니다). They use simple structures for a range of functions, including making simple arrangements and conducting simple transactions (for example, 아이스크림 한 개 주세요. 얼마예요? 오천 원이에요), and some complex structures such as –도 되다 and –(으)ㄴ/는 것 같다 as set phrases to ask for permission (for example, 화장실에 가도 돼요?) and to offer their own opinions (for example, 저는 …이/가 맞는/틀린 것 같아요). They use particles such as –(으)로, –하고 and –에서 as part of a set phrase (a noun/pronoun + particle) to indicate instrument (with/in …, for example, 연필로 쓰세요, 한국어로 뭐예요?), accompaniment (together with …, for example, 친구하고 쇼핑했어요) and location (at/in …, for example, 학교에서 공부해요). They describe two events occurring in sequence, such as daily routines, using two sentences with a 그리고 at the beginning of the second sentence or the –고 coordination (for example, 밥을 먹어요. 그리고 운동해요;밥을 먹고 운동해요), and past experiences using a suffix –었/았– (for example, 캔버라에 살았어요). They negate statements (for example, 안 가요, 못 먹었어요) and construct questions about reasons, prices and opinions/feelings, using set phrases such as 왜요? 얼마예요? and 어때요?/어땠어요? (for example, 영화가 어땠어요?). They use descriptive language (such as 예뻐요, 멋있어요) and manner and time adverbs (such as 빨리, 천천히, 어제, 오늘, 내일). Students describe amounts of familiar items, including currency and time, using number words from either the pure Korean or the Sino-Korean number system in their appropriate forms, with a range of counters (such as , , , 그루, 송이, , and ) and in appropriate word order (for example, 책 세 권). They pronounce Arabic numerals appropriately according to the accompanying counters (for example, 10살, 6학년). Students locate specific information in a range of familiar spoken, written and digital texts, identifying familiar vocabulary and grammatical features to support understanding. They use simple and formulaic language with the support of structured models and scaffolding to create short texts with familiar structures and features, in various modes and formats. Students translate texts between Korean and English in familiar formats, and create their own simple bilingual texts, using known words and expressions. They provide extra information or explanations for words or expressions that have no equivalents in the other language or cannot be readily translated, such as versus ‘rice as a crop’, versus ‘rice as raw grains’ and versus ‘cooked rice or meals’. They identify aspects of Korean language in which Korean culture is embedded, such as politeness embedded in –(으)세요.

Students differentiate between spoken and written forms of Korean by applying their understanding of rules that govern pronunciation and writing using Hangeul syllable blocks, and by associating spoken forms of known words with their written forms. They change verb forms using suffixes such as –었/았– and –고 by applying their understanding of grammatical elements that affect different grammatical meanings and functions. They identify the topic/subject and the object in simple sentences and explain how word order in Korean is different to English using basic metalinguistic terms such as word order, subject, object and verb. Students identify distinctive features of familiar spoken and written texts in different genres, such as language used at the beginning or closing (for example, …에게/께; …(으)로부터/올림), and relate them to distinctive purposes, intended audiences and social contexts of texts. Students apply their understanding of the importance of context, age and social relationships in language use during interaction, and identify age as particularly important in determining the level of politeness and formality in using Korean (for example, 미안합니다 versus 미안해요 versus 미안해). Students provide examples of how spoken and written forms of language change over time, and explain how Hangeul was initially created and continues to change. They explain how languages borrow words with culture-specific meanings from each other and provide such examples from Korean words borrowed from English and other languages (for example, 피아노, 케밥) and Korean words used in Australia (for example, 비빔밥 (bibimbap), 아리랑 (arirang)). Students provide relevant comments on how language is used to influence people’s perceptions (such as in advertisements or campaigns), and identify their own ways of thinking about Korean associations such as brand names or names of cultural items. They compare gestures or body languages involved in communication using Korean and other languages and identify similarities and differences across cultures. They provide examples where direct translation is not possible, such as terms or expressions that reflect cultural practices (for example, 잘 먹겠습니다/잘 먹었습니다, 식은 죽 먹기), and determine whether their equivalents exist in their own language/s.


Years 5 and 6 Work Sample Portfolios