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Context statement

The place of the Hindi language and associated cultures in Australia and the world
Hindi is an official language of India and Fiji. It is the most widely spoken language of the Indian subcontinent and is also widely spoken throughout the world in countries that include the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Mauritius, the Gulf countries and Australia.

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PDF documents

Resources and support materials for the Australian Curriculum: Languages - Hindi are available as PDF documents. 
Languages - Hindi: Sequence of content
Languages - Hindi: Sequence of Achievement - F-10 Sequence
Languages - Hindi: Sequence of Achievement …

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Foundation to Year 2

Foundation to Year 2 Band Description

The nature of learners

Children in this pathway enter the early years of schooling with established oracy skills in Hindi, English and sometimes other languages or dialects. There will be variation in terms of proficiency in Hindi, depending on variables such as home language environment, generational language shift and parental cultural and linguistic background. Children will have varying degrees of literacy capability in both/either Hindi and/or English, and share the experience of belonging to worlds in which languages play a key role. Cognitive and social development at this stage is exploratory and egocentric. The curriculum builds on children’s interests, sense of enjoyment and curiosity, with an emphasis on active learning and confidence building. Hindi is learnt in parallel with English language and literacy, which for some children will be being learnt as a second or additional language. Learning in the two areas differs significantly but each supports and enriches the other.

Hindi language learning and use

Rich language input characterises the first stages of learning. Children are familiar with the sounds and patterns of Hindi, and their fluency and accuracy are further developed through activities such as rhymes, songs, clapping and action games. Children identify and use high-frequency expressions and phrases, and recognise the purpose and intention of simple texts. They use culturally appropriate non-verbal strategies, and produce statements and expressions in response to prompts and cues. They are supported to use Hindi for different language functions, such as asking and responding to questions, expressing wishes, responding to directions, and taking turns in games and simple shared learning activities. They notice that the languages that they know are used differently in different situations and that they themselves communicate differently in some situations when using Hindi, English or other languages. Creative play provides opportunities for exploring these differences and for using Hindi for purposeful interaction in some less familiar contexts.

Contexts of interaction

Children interact with each other and the teacher, with some access to wider school and community members. Information and communications technology (ICT) resources provide additional access to Hindi language and associated cultural experience, connecting children’s social worlds with those of Hindi-speaking children in communities other than their own. Hindi is the dominant language used in classroom interactions, routines and activities, supported by the use of English when required. The early stage of language and literacy development is supported by use of concrete materials and resources, gestures and body language. Play and imaginative activities, games, music, movement and familiar routines provide essential scaffolding and context for language development.

Texts and resources

Children engage with a variety of spoken, visual, written and digital texts. They listen and respond to teacher talk, share ideas and join in songs, rhymes, stories and chants, and various forms of play and simple conversational exchanges. Written and digital texts include stories, shared Big Books, wall charts and teacher-generated materials, such as games, labels, captions and flashcards.

Features of Hindi language use

Children’s familiarity with the spoken form of Hindi supports their introduction to the written form of the language. They make connections between speech and writing, and are introduced to the Devanagari script, recognising and reproducing written forms of the 13 sounds classified as vowels and the 33 consonant sounds. They become familiar with the syllabic structure of the script and the use of matra and conjunct forms of consonants. They recognise basic elements of grammar, such as the subject-object-verb order of sentences, the placing of adjectives before nouns, सुंदर लड़की, छोटा बच्चा, रंग-बिरंगी तितली, agreements for number and gender, मैं, हम, मेरा, तुम्हारा, variable use of pronouns and postpositions and the use of simple verbs to describe actions, गाना, खाना, खेलना, दौड़ना. Writing skills progress from labelling and copying familiar words and phrases to co-constructing simple texts using familiar vocabulary, language features and sentence structures. As children learn to adjust language to suit different purposes and situations, they begin to understand how culture shapes language use. They compare how they feel when they use different languages and how they view different languages and people who use them. This introduction to the meta-dimension of intercultural learning develops the ability to ‘decentre’, to consider different perspectives and ways of being, and to become aware of themselves as communicators and cultural participants.

Level of support

Learning is supported via the provision of experiences that are challenging but achievable with appropriate scaffolding and support. This involves modelling, monitoring and moderating by the teacher; provision of multiple and varied sources of input; opportunities for revisiting, recycling and reviewing; and continuous cueing, feedback, response and encouragement.

The role of English

While learners are encouraged to use Hindi whenever possible, English is used when appropriate for discussion, comparison, reflection and explanations. Mixing the two languages is common at this level; it reflects children’s experience in their home communities.


Foundation to Year 2 Content Descriptions

Socialising

Interact with teacher and peers to exchange greetings, talk about themselves and their families, to express thanks, wishes, feelings and preferences

[Key concepts: self, family, home, wishes; Key processes: interacting, greeting, describing] (ACLHIC001 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • greeting and farewelling each other and the teacher using appropriate expressions and body language, for example, joining both hands and bowing the head while saying नमस्ते and using terms, such as फिर मिलेंगे and गुरुजी
  • using appropriate greetings in different contexts, for example, अध्यापिका जी! आप कैसी हैं? नमस्ते विनोद, तुम कैसे हो?
  • introducing and describing themselves, their friends and family members, for example, मेरा नाम कविता है। ये मेरे पिताजी हैं। ये बहुत दयालु व्यक्ति हैं। ये मेरी माता जी हैं। ये बहुत सुन्दर हैं। ये मेरे बड़े भाई हैं। ये बहुत परिश्रमी हैं। यह मेरी छोटी बहन है। इसका नाम सुधा है। यह पाँच साल की है।
  • exchanging phrases used in everyday social interactions, such as thanking, apologising or offering congratulations, for example, धन्यवाद; शुक्रिया; माफ़ करना; बधाई हो; बहुत अच्छे! वाह! क्या बात है!
  • using simple statements to express likes or dislikes, preferences or feelings, for example, मुझे खेलना पसंद है। मुझे किताबें पढ़ना पसंद नहीं है। मैं उदास हूँ l मैं बहुत ख़ुश हूँ l
  • expressing wishes for different kinds of occasions and events, for example, दिवाली की शुभ कामनाएँ; ईद मुबारक; जन्मदिन की बधाई
  • asking and answering questions about each other’s daily routines at home and at school, for example, तुम्हेँ अपने खाली समय में क्या करना पसंद है? मैं आठ बजे सो जाता हूँ l तुम विद्यालय कैसे जाते हो?
Participate in guided activities, such as songs, games, simple tasks and transactions, using movement, gestures, pictures and concrete materials to support meaning

[Key concepts: play, performance, action learning; Key processes: participating, playing, describing] (ACLHIC002 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • participating in songs, rhymes and chants, imitating and repeating sound patterns and experimenting with alliteration and rhyme, for example, मछली जल की रानी है; लकड़ी की काठी; चंदा मामा दूर के; नानी तेरी मोरनी को; रे मामा रे मामा रे
  • participating in traditional and contemporary games such as खो-खो, पिट्ठू, गिल्ली-डंडा, कबड्डी that involve repetitive phrases and behaviours, for example, भागो; जल्दी करो; गेंद पकड़ो; बहुत अच्छे; शाबाश!
  • using appropriate phrases and expressions when taking turns in games such as साँप और सीढ़ी; कैरम बोर्ड, for example, तुम्हारी बारी; अब मैं पासा फेंकता हूँ; गोटियाँ चलो।
  • responding to instructions by using actions such as forming groups, taking up positions or placing/removing objects in activities that involve concepts such as space, time and memory
  • participating in activities that involve competing and guessing, matching or choosing objects, using modelled questions and responses and phrases such as मैं जीत गया; तुम हार गए; बाहर फेंको; अब कौन ढूँढेगा; चलो दौड़ लगाते हैं; बेईमानी मत करो
  • swapping items or describing and classifying objects and attributes such as shapes, colours and numbers, for example, तुम्हें कौन सा रंग चाहिए? अगर तुम मुझे लाल कंचे दो तो मैं तुम्हें नीले कंचे दे दूँगा।
Recognise and respond to classroom routines and interactions, such as opening and closing of lessons, transition activities, following instructions and taking turns

[Key concepts: routines, directions, interactions; Key processes: listening, responding, interacting] (ACLHIC003 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • using and responding to language that structures routines such as opening and closing of lessons, for example, नमस्ते बच्चो, बैठ जाओ; किताब खोलो; जी, ठीक है। अपने अपने आई पैड्स निकालो; पाठ ख़त्म हुआ; अब तुम सब जा सकते हो; कल मिलेंगें
  • participating in daily classroom interactions such as roll call, naming the months and days of the week and describing the weather, for example, परसों २० जून है; कल सोमवार है; आज बहुत सर्दी है।
  • following instructions in learning activities, for example, किताब में लिखो; बारी बारी पढ़ो; चार का समूह बनाओ; गोल घेरा बनाओ और बैठ जाओ; बैग ज़मीन पर रखो; कृपया खड़े हो जाओ
  • using appropriate language to apologise or make excuses, for example, माफ़ कीजिए, मुझे देरी हो गई क्योंकि …, or to ask for help, for example, मुझे समझ नहीं आया, क्या आप मेरी मदद कर सकते हैं?
  • responding with actions, gestures or verbal responses to teacher instructions such as धीरे बोलो; ध्यान से सुनो; मेरी ओर देखो; बात मत करो; चुपचाप बैठो

Informing

Locate specific phrases and points of information in simple texts such as charts, lists, stories and songs, and use the information to complete guided oral and written tasks

[Key concepts: information, meaning, context, text; Key processes: making meaning, predicting, identifying] (ACLHIC004 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • listening for specific information in stories, rhymes or songs, such as लाला जी ने केला खाया; एक कौआ प्यासा था; चूहा और शेर, using intonation, gestures and facial expressions to help understanding
  • recognising simple written words in familiar contexts, such as labels, captions and story titles
  • participating in shared readings of Big Book stories about familiar events or contexts, for example, पंचतन्त्र की कहानियाँ, using pictures, punctuation, intonation and contextual clues to predict meaning, and recording words associated with main characters and events
  • identifying key points in simple spoken, written or digital texts by miming, drawing, onscreen pointing, clicking or dragging
Use simple statements, gestures and support materials to convey factual information about self, family, friends and the immediate environment

[Key concepts: self, interests, environment; Key processes: naming, labelling, describing, presenting] (ACLHIC005 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • labelling or naming classroom items, resources and personal possessions, for example, मेज़, कुर्सी, कम्प्यूटर, पेंसिल, बस्ता
  • contributing to a class photo story by creating and reading captions to their own photos, for example, मैं ख़ुश/उदास हूँ।, or by presenting points of personal information, मुझे चॉक्लेट पसंद है। मेरे पास एक काली बिल्ली है। मैं एक अच्छी क्रिकेट खिलाड़ी हूँl
  • using simple sentence structures, familiar vocabulary and supporting gestures to talk about themselves and their immediate environment, for example, मेरे पास एक लाल गाड़ी है। मैं प्रार्थना करने मंदिर / मस्जिद / गुरुद्वारे / गिरिजाघर जाता हूँ l
  • representing aspects of their daily routines by writing captions to drawings/pictures or attaching word bubbles, such as स्कूल जाना, दोपहर का खाना, पार्क में खेलना।
  • participating in ‘Show and Tell’ by presenting and commenting on items of personal interest, for example, मेरा पालतू जानवर; मेरा मनपसंद खिलौना

Creating

Participate in imaginative texts such as stories, rhymes, puppet shows, lullabies or action songs, and respond through singing, dancing, drawing, movement and action

[Key concepts: rhythm, expression, character, response; Key processes: singing, responding, drawing, evaluating; Key text types: stories, songs, poems, rhymes] (ACLHIC006 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • participating in songs, rhymes, lullabies, and poems, for example, लल्ला लल्ला लोरी, दूध की कटोरी, चंदा है तू मेरा सूरज है तू, हम होंगे कामयाब, राष्ट्रीय गान, using facial expressions and gestures to convey meaning
  • listening to and viewing Hindi versions of familiar English-language stories, such as खट्टे अंगूर, लालची बिल्लियाँ, गांधी जी के तीन बन्दर, comparing words and expressions in each language at key points of the story
  • responding to stories, rhymes, puppet shows and songs, such as कछुआ और खरगोश; चंदा मामा दूर के, गाँधी जी के तीन बंदर through drawing or painting, facial expression or movement
  • comparing their responses to favourite characters or events in stories, rhymes or songs by making simple evaluative statements, such as मुझे 'चालाक बन्दर' कहानी में बन्दर पसंद है क्योंकि उसने बिल्लियों को चालाकी से मूर्ख बना दिया
  • responding to rhythmic features by using movement, facial expressions and gestures to convey meaning, for example, by learning and performing the Indian and Australian national anthems जन गण मन
Play with sound patterns, rhythm and rhyme to interpret and adapt Hindi stories, poems and songs that involve familiar language and non-verbal forms of expression

[Key concepts: performance, rhythm, expression; Key processes: performing, imagining, creating, presenting; Key text types: songs, plays, mime, puppet shows, drawings, poems] (ACLHIC007 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • Asia and Australia’s Engagement with Asia
  • performing songs, rhymes, and action stories, for example, आलू-कचालू, पानी बरसा छम छम छम, हाथी राजा कहाँ चले, using non-verbal expression such as clapping, head gestures and facial expressions to convey meaning and express emotion
  • creating own poems, puppet shows or rhymes by adapting favourite stories to perform at a school or community event, for example, ‘चुन्नू - मुन्नू थे दो भाई; लोक-कथाएँ
  • creating and presenting own Big Books, story boards or digital texts based on selected characters or elements of favourite texts
  • re-creating stories, rhymes and poems through mime, dance or captioned drawings
  • experimenting with devices such as alliteration, word play or repetition to add to the enjoyment of songs, stories and poems

Translating

Explain the meaning of simple Hindi words, phrases and gestures, noticing similarities or differences with English or other known languages

[Key concepts: language, meaning, translation; Key processes: noticing, comparing, translating, explaining] (ACLHIC008 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • recognising that every language has its own words, sounds and gestures that it uses to make meaning
  • translating and explaining the meaning of Hindi words and expressions often used by children of their age, for example, अच्छा!, comparing with expressions they use in similar situations in English
  • translating simple classroom texts, such as captions, signs, word lists, charts
  • demonstrating body language, gestures or facial expressions that they use with families and friends when speaking Hindi, such as moving the head in different ways to mean different things
  • explaining why particular forms of behaviour accompany interactions such as greetings in Hindi, for example, touching the feet of elders while saying प्रणाम to show respect, and receiving blessings
Create simple spoken, print or digital texts for the classroom that combine Hindi and English, such as songs, captions, picture dictionaries, wall charts or labels

[Key concepts: bilingualism, vocabulary, translation; Key processes: creating, comparing, matching, comparing] (ACLHIC009 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • creating and performing bilingual versions of nursery rhymes such as धोबी और चिड़िया; alternating verses in Hindi and English
  • creating a bilingual picture dictionary for classroom use, labelling items in both languages
  • creating sets of matching vocabulary cards in Hindi and English and playing Matching Pairs or Memory
  • creating captions in Hindi and English for photos or images to create simple bilingual storybooks in print or digital formats
  • creating a personal ID card with details in both Hindi and English, for example, नाम, कद, आँखों का रंग, जन्म तिथि: ‘name’, ‘height’, ‘eye colour’, ‘date of birth’

Reflecting

Notice and describe ways in which they use Hindi and English and how these involve different words and behaviours

[Key concepts: meaning, culture, difference; Key processes: noticing, comparing, reflecting, describing] (ACLHIC010 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • noticing differences in ways they communicate with friends and family in Hindi and English, such as using different forms of address in Hindi for relatives on a father’s or mother’s side of the family, for example, बुआ जी for a father’s sister and मौसी जी for a mother’s sister; and using first names in English when addressing parents of their friends
  • noticing which language they choose to use in which contexts, and when they mix or switch between Hindi, English or other languages, for example, when playing with friends, interacting with grandparents or reciting prayers
  • noticing aspects of Hindi that relate to culture, such as using terms like दीदी when speaking to a woman who is older but not yet old enough to be addressed as माताजी
  • describing how it feels to use Hindi in the classroom compared to using it at home or in their community
  • developing language for talking about language and culture, for example, using terms such as ‘difference’, ‘behaviour’ and ‘culture’, and considering questions such as लोग ऐसा क्यों/किसलिए करते हैं?
Use simple statements, gestures and support materials to identify themselves as members of different groups, including their family, community and school

[Key concepts: identity, self, community, culture; key processes: describing, representing, comparing, reflecting] (ACLHIC011 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • sharing information about their family background, such as country or region of origin, languages and dialects spoken in the home and where extended family members live
  • representing their membership of family, peer or community groups through pictures or captions to photos
  • discussing the role of Hindi in their lives, for example, in family relationships, in special events or things they like to do
  • describing how it feels to use Hindi in different contexts, for example, when singing or playing games or when listening to other people using the language
  • considering their personal cultural identity, for example, by discussing how ‘Australian’ or ‘Indian’ they feel in different situations

Systems of language

Recognise the relationship between the sounds and patterns of pronunciation and elements of the Devanagari script, including the representation of long and short vowels, consonants and conjuncts

[Key concepts: pronunciation, characters, writing; Key processes: listening, distinguishing, reciting, writing] (ACLHIU012 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • recognising and reproducing the sounds and letters of spoken and written Hindi
  • building phonic awareness by recognising and experimenting with sounds and focusing on those that are new and initially difficult, such as त, थ, ग, घ, ट, द, ध।
  • learning how the Hindi sound system is conventionally represented in the Devanagari system by the use of 13 letters classified as vowels (अ-अः) and 33 consonants (क-ह and ड़-ढ़)
  • developing pronunciation skills by singing, reciting, reproducing and mimicking alphabetic elements in context
  • understanding how vowels are pronounced without any obstruction of air coming out of the mouth and consonants are pronounced with obstruction of air by different parts of the mouth
  • recognising that a line on the top of written letters joins them to make words and establishes spaces between words बस, घर। अब घर चल।
  • practising the writing of Devangari letters ‘hanging’ from a line, noticing the difference between this and English, where letters are written above the line क ख ग - a, b, c
  • recognising the matra form of vowels, such as ि, ी, and distinguishing long and short vowel sounds, such as ि, ी
  • identifying and practising pronunciation of vowel sounds with consonants, for example, कइ/कि, कई/की
  • understanding the formation of conjunct consonants such as क्ष, त्र, ज्ञ
Understand elements of Hindi grammar, such as the subject-object-verb sentence structure, question, answer and statement forms, agreements for gender and number, the use of pronouns and postpositions and of verbs in relation to actions and commands

[Key concepts: grammar, sentences, patterns, rules; Key processes: noticing, identifying, explaining] (ACLHIU013 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • identifying people by using pronouns, such as तुम, तू, आप, मैं, मेरा, तुम्हारा।
  • understanding and responding to imperative verb forms, such as बैठ जाओ, यहाँ आओ, मेरी बात सुनो।
  • exploring how to use singular and plural forms, such as मैं, हम, मेरा, तुम्हारा
  • referring to objects using cardinal numbers, for example, एक, दो, पाँच, सात
  • noticing that adjectives are used to describe people, objects or places and are usually placed before the noun, for example, सुंदर लड़की, छोटा बच्चा, रंग-बिरंगी तितली
  • understanding the role of different words for asking questions, such as कहाँ? कौन? कब? क्या?
  • expressing negation, for example, नहीं, मत, ना
  • learning the structure of simple statements and questions, based on models such as तुम मेरे साथ चलो। तुम कैसे हो?
  • understanding that verb forms change according to gender and number, for example, लड़का गाता है। लड़की गाती है। लड़के गाते हैं।
  • describing actions using simple verbs, such as गाना, खाना, खेलना, दौड़ना
  • understanding the use of commands and post positions as in मुझको दीजिए। राम से लीजिए। वहाँ पर रखो।
Understand that language is organised as ‘texts’ that take different forms and use different structures to achieve their purposes

[Key concepts: text, meaning, language features; Key processes: recognising, comparing, describing] (ACLHIU014 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • understanding texts as different forms of communication that can be spoken, written, digital or visual, recognising that they can be very short, for example, रुको, or much longer, for example, तुम ज़रा ठहर जाओ।
  • recognising that different types of texts have different features, for example, repetition and rhythm in action songs and rhymes, listing of items on a shopping list
  • using metalanguage to talk about texts, for example, by naming different genres, such as lullabies, stories, rhymes, tongue twisters, and by describing typical features, for example, ‘कहानियों की शुरुआत …’, ‘गाने अक्सर …’,
  • noticing how familiar texts, such as poems or stories, are sequenced and organised, for example, by identifying titles, connections between pictures and written texts or familiar opening lines, such as एक समय की बात है...

Language variation and change

Recognise that different words, expressions and gestures are used by Hindi speakers to interact with different people in different situations

[Key concepts: language variation, respect, difference; Key processes: noticing, selecting, adapting] (ACLHIU015 - Scootle )

  • Literacy
  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • recognising that language they use at home or when playing with friends is sometimes different to language they use in school, for example, addressing each other as तू/तुम rather than the more respectful form of आप, or using the informal pronunciation of ये/वो rather than the formal pronunciation यह/वह
  • recognising that children in their class may use different words and expressions that come from different dialects and languages
  • understanding that different forms of address are used to greet different people, for example, addressing elders as आप, equal or younger people as तुम and being addressed by older relatives as जीते रहो
  • understanding that different greetings are used with people from different community and religious groups, for example, नमस्ते/नमस्कार to a Hindu, अस्सलाम अलैकुम to a Muslim and सत् श्री अकाल to a Sikh
Recognise that all languages change over time and borrow words and expressions from each other

[Key concepts: language change, word-borrowing; Key processes: noticing, comparing, identifying] (ACLHIU016 - Scootle )

  • Intercultural Understanding
  • recognising that languages borrow words and expressions from each other and that Hindi includes many words that originated in languages such as Persian, Arabic and English
  • identifying loan words and expressions from English used in Hindi, understanding that they may be pronounced differently in the two languages, for example, phone is pronounced as फ़ोन, dollar is pronounced as डालर
  • finding examples of Hindi words that are used in other languages, for example, ‘yoga’ (योग), ‘sari’ (साड़ी), ‘khaki’ (खाकी), ‘pyjama’ (पायजामा)
  • noticing words that they use in their everyday lives that come from different languages
Recognise that Australia is a multicultural society with communities of speakers of many different languages including Hindi

[Key concepts: culture, multiculturalism, diversity, family, community; Key processes: observing, noting, describing, comparing] (ACLHIU017 - Scootle )

  • Intercultural Understanding
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures
  • Asia and Australia’s Engagement with Asia
  • understanding that there are many different languages in the world and in the Australian community and that many people speak more than one language
  • exploring the range of languages spoken in Australia, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages
  • identifying different languages and dialects used by children in their class or friendship groups, for example, by creating a language map with greetings in each language
  • identifying different languages that they come into contact with in their extended family and communities

Role of language and culture

Understand that people use language in ways that reflect their culture, such as where and how they live and what is important to them

[Key concepts: language, culture, meaning; Key processes: noticing, comparing, reflecting] (ACLHIU018 - Scootle )

  • Personal and Social Capability
  • Intercultural Understanding
  • noticing how gestures and body language differ between cultures, such as the way Hindi speakers move their heads when saying अच्छा; fold their hands and bow when saying नमस्ते to an older person; touch the feet of elders and say प्रणाम; hold the ear lobe when apologising
  • exploring the meaning of ‘culture’, how it involves visible elements, such as dressing, eating and dancing, and invisible elements, such as attitudes and values, for example, the use of the expression फिर मिलेंगे when leaving, to avoid the finality associated with ‘goodbye’
  • noticing similarities and differences in how they communicate in Hindi in the classroom and in their homes, for example, बेटा, बेटी; being called मुन्ना, मुन्नी
  • learning to talk about language and culture and how they are connected by responding to prompt questions such as आप क्या सोचते हैं … आपको क्यों लगता है कि लोग …?

Foundation to Year 2 Achievement Standards

By the end of Year 2, students interact with the teacher and peers to exchange greetings and talk about themselves and their families, for example, नमस्ते, आप कैसे हैं?, मेरा नाम गीता है, आप का क्या नाम है? मेरे घर में चार लोग हैं। मेरा एक भाई है। मेरी एक बहन है। ये मेरे पिताजी हैं। ये बहुत अच्छे हैं। ये मेरी माता जी हैं। ये बहुत सुन्दर हैं। ये मेरे बड़े भाई हैं। यह मेरी छोटी बहन है। इसका नाम सुधा है। यह पाँच साल की है. They express thanks, likes and dislikes, feelings and wishes, for example, मुझे आइस क्रीम अच्छी लगती है। आप को क्या अच्छा लगता है? मैं आप से नाराज़ हूँ। मुझे खेलना पसंद है। मुझे किताबें पढ़ना पसंद नहीं है। मैं उदास हूँ । मैं बहुत ख़ुश हूँ. They use repetitive language when participating in guided activities and responding to classroom routines, for example, नमस्ते, बच्चो बैठ जाओ, किताब खोलो। जी अच्छा, ठीक है। अपनी किताबें निकालो। पाठ ख़त्म हुआ। अब तुम सब जा सकते हो। कल मिलेंगें। नमस्ते। धन्यवाद. When speaking, they use the sounds and patterns of the Hindi language, for example, त ,थ ,ग ,घ ,ट,ठ ,द ,ध.They identify words and phrases in simple texts and locate and share specific points of information about their immediate environment using illustrations and gestures to support meaning, for example, मेरे पास एक लाल गाड़ी है। मैंने एक पीला फूल देखा। मेरी किताब बहुत भारी है। मैंने अपने परिवार के साथ खाना खाया। मेरे घर के सामने एक बस स्टॉप है। मैं प्रार्थना करने मंदिर/ मस्जिद / गुरुद्वारे / गिरजाघर जाता हूँ. They respond to imaginative texts that have listened to, viewed or participated in through singing, drawing, movement and action, and use illustrations, familiar language and non-verbal forms of expression to interpret and adapt Hindi stories, poems and songs. Students use familiar words and phrases, for example, बैठ जाओ। यहाँ आओ। वहाँ जाओ। इधर बैठो। उधर जाकर खड़े हो। इस जगह पर मत कूदो। चलो उधर चलें. They use basic rules of word order, and gender and number agreement in simple sentences, for example, लड़का खड़ा है। लड़की खड़ी है। लड़के जा रहे हैं। लड़कियाँ जा रही हैं। बेटा खाना खा रहा है। बेटे खाना खा रहे हैं, बेटियाँ खाना खा रही हैं. They translate and interpret frequently used words and simple phrases, and create word lists, labels and captions in Hindi and English for the classroom environment. Students identify themselves as members of different groups and describe different words and behaviours they use when communicating in Hindi and English.

Students make connections between spoken Hindi, including vowels, consonants and conjuncts, and the use of Devanagari script, and join characters to form simple words. They distinguish between question, answer and statement forms, for example, आप कहाँ जा रहे हैं? तुम कैसे हो? क्या आप मेरे साथ चलेंगे? वहाँ कौन है? आप वहाँ क्यों जा रहे हैं? They identify the use of pronouns, postpositions and verbs in relation to actions and commands. They identify features of familiar texts. They distinguish between the language spoken by different Hindi speakers in different contexts and situations, such as at home with family or at school with the teacher.Students name some of the many languages that are spoken in Australia, including Hindi, and give examples of simple words in English that have been borrowed from Hindi, such as पायजामा, योग, साड़ी, ख़ाकी. They identify how language usage reflects where and how people live and what is important to them.