RationaleA deep understanding of Australia's federal system of government and the liberal democratic values that underpin it is essential in enabling students to become active and informed citizens who participate in and sustain Australia’s democracy.
AimsThe Australian Curriculum: Civics and Citizenship aims to ensure students develop:
a lifelong sense of belonging to and engagement with civic life as an active and informed citizen in the context of Australia as a secular democratic nation with a dynamic, multicultural, multi-faith society and a Christian heritage
StructureThe Years 7–10 Australian Curriculum: Civics and Citizenship is organised into two interrelated strands: civics and citizenship knowledge and understanding, and civics and citizenship inquiry and skills.
PDF documentsResources and support materials for the Australian Curriculum: Civics and Citizenship are available as PDF documents.
Civics and Citizenship: Sequence of content 7-10
Civics and Citizenship: Sequence of achievement 7-10
Year 8 Level Description
The Year 8 curriculum provides a study of the responsibilities and freedoms of citizens and how Australians can actively participate in their democracy. Students consider how laws are made and the types of laws used in Australia. Students also examine what it means to be Australian by identifying the reasons for and influences that shape national identity.
The civics and citizenship content at this year level involves two strands: civics and citizenship knowledge and understanding, and civics and citizenship skills. These strands are interrelated and have been developed to be taught in an integrated way, and in ways that are appropriate to specific local contexts. The order and detail in which they are taught are programming decisions.
Key inquiry questions
A framework for developing students’ civics and citizenship knowledge, understanding and skills at this year level is provided by the following key questions:
- What are the freedoms and responsibilities of citizens in Australia’s democracy?
- How are laws made and applied in Australia?
- What different perspectives are there about national identity?
Year 8 Content Descriptions
Government and democracy
Laws and citizens
Citizenship, diversity and identity
Questioning and research
Analysis, synthesis and interpretation
Problem-solving and decision-making
Communication and reflection
Year 8 Achievement Standards
By the end of Year 8, students analyse features of Australian democracy, and explain features of Australia’s democracy that enable active participation. They recognise different types of law in Australia and explain how laws are made. They identify the diverse belief systems in Australia and analyse issues about national identity and the factors that contribute to people’s sense of belonging.
When researching, students develop a range of questions to investigate Australia’s political and legal systems and critically analyse information gathered from different sources for relevance. They explain different points of view on civics and citizenship issues. When planning for action, students take into account multiple perspectives, use democratic processes, and develop solutions to an issue. Students develop and present reasoned arguments on civics and citizenship issues using appropriate texts, subject-specific language and concepts. They identify ways they can be active and informed citizens in different contexts.