Health and Physical Education

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Please select at least one Strand to view the content

Rationale

In an increasingly complex, sedentary and rapidly changing world it is critical for every young Australian to not only be able to cope with life’s challenges but also to flourish as healthy, safe and active citizens in the 21st century. This is a strong investment in the future of the Australian population.

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Aims

The Australian Curriculum: Health and Physical Education (F–10) aims to develop the knowledge, understanding and skills to enable students to:

access, evaluate and synthesise information to take positive action to protect, enhance and advocate for their own and others’ health, wellbeing, safety and physical activity participation across their lifespan

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Key ideas

Health and Physical Education propositions
The Australian Curriculum: Health and Physical Education has been shaped by five interrelated propositions that are informed by a strong and diverse research base for a futures-oriented curriculum:
Focus on educative purposes

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Structure

Strands, sub-strands and threads
The Australian Curriculum: Health and Physical Education is organised into two content strands: personal, social and community health and movement and physical activity. Each strand contains content descriptions which are organised under three sub-strands.

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PDF documents

Resources and support materials for the Australian Curriculum: Health and Physical Education are available as PDF documents. 
Health and Physical Education: Sequence of content
Health and Physical Education: Sequence of achievement 
Health and …

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Glossary

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Years 9 and 10

Years 9 and 10 Band Description

The Year 9 and 10 curriculum supports students to refine and apply strategies for maintaining a positive outlook and evaluating behavioural expectations in different leisure, social, movement and online situations. Students learn to critically analyse and apply health and physical activity information to devise and implement personalised plans for maintaining healthy and active habits. They also experience different roles that contribute to successful participation in physical activity, and propose strategies to support the development of preventive health practices that build and optimise community health and wellbeing.

In Years 9 and 10, students learn to apply more specialised movement skills and complex movement strategies and concepts in different movement environments. They also explore movement concepts and strategies to evaluate and refine their own and others’ movement performances. Students analyse how participation in physical activity and sport influence an individual’s identities, and explore the role participation plays in shaping cultures. The curriculum also provides opportunities for students to refine and consolidate personal and social skills in demonstrating leadership, teamwork and collaboration in a range of physical activities.

Focus areas to be addressed in Years 9 and 10 include:

  • alcohol and other drugs (AD)
  • food and nutrition (FN)
  • health benefits of physical activity (HBPA)
  • mental health and wellbeing (MH)
  • relationships and sexuality (RS)
  • safety (S)
  • challenge and adventure activities (CA)
  • games and sports (GS)
  • lifelong physical activities (LLPA)
  • rhythmic and expressive movement activities (RE).

Years 9 and 10 Content Descriptions

Being healthy, safe and active

Evaluate factors that shape identities and critically analyse how individuals impact the identities of others (ACPPS089 - Scootle )
  • analysing how societal norms, stereotypes and expectations influence the way young people think about their bodies, abilities, gender, sexuality, food, physical activity, sexual health, drugs and/or risk-taking behaviours

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.
  • examining how diversity and gender are represented in the media and communities, and investigating the influence these representations have on identities

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.
  • analysing the role of family, friends and community in supporting an individual’s identities, and proposing strategies to enhance their own and others’ wellbeing

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • investigating how cultural beliefs and practices surrounding transitions to adulthood differ between cultures

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.
Examine the impact of changes and transitions on relationships (ACPPS090 - Scootle )
  • practising skills to deal with challenging or unsafe situations, such as refusal skills, communicating choices, expressing opinions and initiating contingency plans

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.
  • asserting their stance on a situation, dilemma or decision by expressing thoughts, opinions and beliefs that acknowledge the feelings of others

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.
  • assessing behavioural expectations in different relationships and social situations, and examining how these expectations can influence decisions and actions

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.
Plan, rehearse and evaluate options (including CPR and first aid) for managing situations where their own or others’ health, safety and wellbeing may be at short or long term risk (ACPPS091 - Scootle )
  • proposing and practising a range of realistic responses to scenarios where peers are encouraging them to take unnecessary risks

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.
  • planning and practising responses to emergencies where they may be required to administer first aid to a friend, including CPR

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.
  • critiquing the appropriateness and effectiveness of help and support services available for young people in the local community

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.
  • examining policies and processes for ensuring safe blood practices when participating in physical activities

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.
Propose, practise and evaluate responses in situations where external influences may impact on their ability to make healthy and safe choices (ACPPS092 - Scootle )
  • critiquing images and messages in the media that portray what it means to have a good time and be fun to be around, and evaluating how these images can be interpreted

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.
  • examining local fast-food options, making healthy selections and advocating healthy choices to peers

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.
  • exploring external influences on sexuality and sexual health behaviours, and recognising the impact that decisions and actions can have on own and others’ health and wellbeing

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • evaluating the influence of personal, social, environmental and cultural factors on decisions and actions young people take in relation to their health, safety and wellbeing

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

Communicating and interacting for health and wellbeing

Investigate how empathy and ethical decision making contribute to respectful relationships (ACPPS093 - Scootle )
  • investigating the characteristics of positive, respectful relationships and the rights and ethical responsibilities of individuals in relationships

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.
  • investigating how the balance of power influences the nature of relationships and proposing actions that can be taken when a relationship is not respectful

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.
  • comparing own decisions with those of others and acknowledging others’ right to act differently and to change their mind

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.
  • demonstrating and advocating appropriate bystander behaviour when participating in online interactions, for example in situations where another person's photo has been tagged without permission, sexting and posting explicit content

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.
  • Practising skills to deal with challenging situations such as communicating choices, expressing opinions and initiating contingency plans
Evaluate situations and propose appropriate emotional responses and then reflect on possible outcomes of different responses (ACPPS094 - Scootle )
  • proposing strategies for managing emotional responses and resolving conflict in a family or social situation or online environment

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.
  • evaluating situations where an individual may react with extreme emotion and reflecting on the impact that this response may have on the situation and/or their relationships

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.
  • analysing interactions where emotional responses may not be immediately apparent and reflecting on the possible consequences of not recognising the emotions involved

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.
Critically analyse and apply health information from a range of sources to health decisions and situations (ACPPS095 - Scootle )
  • critiquing and selecting the most suitable and reliable sources of health information according to the decision that needs to be made

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.
  • examining actions to take greater responsibility in relation to their own health

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • critiquing services that provide advice and support on health-related issues, and investigating ways to store and share contact information of these services with other young people

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.
  • evaluating strategies and actions to increase personal safety and planning to promote these in the school and community

Contributing to healthy and active communities

Plan, implement and critique strategies to enhance health, safety and wellbeing of their communities (ACPPS096 - Scootle )
  • creating and evaluating visual and multimodal health campaigns in print-based and digital environments to promote health and wellbeing in their community

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.
  • developing and implementing proposals to enhance the wellbeing of staff and students in the school

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.
  • investigating community-action initiatives young people have instigated that have had a positive influence on the health and wellbeing of their communities

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.
  • preparing, delivering and critiquing a class presentation to the community, for example a presentation to parents on tips for serving and eating food that has been prepared sustainably

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.
Plan and evaluate new and creative interventions that promote their own and others’ connection to community and natural and built environments (ACPPS097 - Scootle )
  • creating and evaluating proposals to promote the use of natural settings within the local community for physical activity

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.
  • designing and critiquing a strategy to involve family, friends and members of the community in cultural celebrations to promote a sense of connection with and belonging to the community

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.
  • designing and adopting actions which promote healthy, active and sustainable lifestyles

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.
  • investigating different approaches to managing environmental resources, including how Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities demonstrate custodial responsibility for Country/Place

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.
Critique behaviours and contextual factors that influence health and wellbeing of diverse communities (ACPPS098 - Scootle )
  • examining social, cultural and economic factors that influence the health behaviours of people in their community

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.
  • investigating community health resources to evaluate how accessible they are for marginalised individuals and groups, and proposing changes to promote greater inclusiveness and accessibility

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • analysing the implications of attitudes and behaviours such as prejudice, marginalisation, homophobia, discrimination, violence and harassment on individuals and communities, and proposing counter-measures to prevent these behaviours

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.
  • investigating the role that extended family, kinship structures and broader community play in the lives of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.
  • critically analysing messages about being male or female in popular culture and considering the impact these might have on individual and community health and wellbeing
  • critiquing media representations of diverse people and analysing what makes (or could make) the representations inclusive

Moving our body

Provide and apply feedback to develop and refine specialised movement skills in a range of challenging movement situations (ACPMP099 - Scootle )
  • adapting and responding to changes in equipment that increase the complexity of a movement task or performance

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.
  • transferring skills learnt in one movement situation to a different situation

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).
  • performing specialised movement skills in situations where the rules or conditions have been modified to vary complexity

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).
  • using knowledge of results feedback to support another student in performing a skill with greater accuracy or control
  • responding to teacher and peer feedback to enhance performance
  • using ICT to record others' performance, and providing feedback on synchronicity and timing of movements in relation to other people, objects or external stimuli
  • providing constructive feedback on their own and others' performance by using movement-analysis software to break down a skill or sequence
Develop, implement and evaluate movement concepts and strategies for successful outcomes with and without equipment (ACPMP101 - Scootle )
  • using established criteria to apply and evaluate the effectiveness of movement concepts and strategies

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).
  • developing and implementing appropriate movement concepts and strategies for selected movement scenarios

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).
  • reviewing, proposing and implementing alternative responses to movement situations based on the outcome of previous performances

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

Understanding movement

Design, implement and evaluate personalised plans for improving or maintaining their own and others’ physical activity and fitness levels (ACPMP102 - Scootle )
  • using ICT to design, implement and monitor a personal fitness plan which includes a timeframe, goals and a variety of specific activities that meet the needs of different people

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.
  • investigating target training heart-rate zones for a range of different people and how these zones relate to health, wellbeing and fitness

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.
  • justifying the selection of physical activities included in a personalised plan linked to the components of health- and skill-related fitness they wish to improve or maintain

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.
  • using non-specialised equipment to develop health- or skill-related fitness circuits that can be used by family or community members

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.
Analyse the impact of effort, space, time, objects and people when composing and performing movement sequences (ACPMP103 - Scootle )
  • experimenting with the manipulation of force and speed applied to an object to examine the difference created in movement paths

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).
  • demonstrating and describing how the body can absorb force
  • creating a group performance that demonstrates synchronous and individual movements

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.
  • using ICT to analyse movements and enhance movement sequences and performances

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).
Examine the role physical activity, outdoor recreation and sport play in the lives of Australians and investigate how this has changed over time (ACPMP104 - Scootle )
  • participating in a range of physical activities from the Asia region, such as yoga, tai chi, martial arts and Asia-inspired dance and performance art, and exploring their importance as a social and cultural practice

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.
  • researching the trends in participation in organised junior sports and predicting future trends and directions

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.
  • investigating the varied perspectives held by Australians on sport and examining how this diversity is represented in the sports we play today

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.
  • exploring the impact of media messages associated with physical activity, outdoor recreation and sport in Australia

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).
  • analysing the significant contributions Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people make, and have made, to sport in Australia

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

Learning through movement

Devise, implement and refine strategies demonstrating leadership and collaboration skills when working in groups or teams (ACPMP105 - Scootle )
  • evaluating the contribution they make as an individual to teamwork, leadership and enjoyable participation for all

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).
  • using self-talk and encouragement to motivate themselves and team members to continue to participate and improve performance

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).
  • creating and implementing self-assessment and peer-assessment tools to evaluate performance in a variety of roles

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.
  • identifying and critiquing leadership styles and group/team dynamics through collaboratively solving initiative games

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).
Transfer understanding from previous movement experiences to create solutions to movement challenges (ACPMP106 - Scootle )
  • drawing parallels between successful movement strategies in one sporting situation and how similar strategies could be used effectively in a different sport

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).
  • speculating on possible outcomes of innovative solutions to movement challenges based on past experiences

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).
  • reflecting on successful movement solutions and proposing how they can be transferred to new movement challenges

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.
  • demonstrating motivation, persistence, confidence and commitment when faced with difficult or unfamiliar movement tasks

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.
Reflect on how fair play and ethical behaviour can influence the outcomes of movement activities (ACPMP107 - Scootle )
  • participating in competitions where players rather than an independent official are responsible for applying the rules

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).
  • discussing the role in promoting fairness and ethical behaviour in sport of organisations such as the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority, sporting tribunals, Australian Human Rights Commission and the Court of Arbitration for Sport
  • analysing how equitable participation in group activities can influence outcomes in physical activity

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).
  • investigating the impact of performance-enhancing drugs on individuals and sporting codes

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

Years 9 and 10 Achievement Standards

By the end of Year 10, students critically analyse contextual factors that influence identities, relationships, decisions and behaviours. They analyse the impact attitudes and beliefs about diversity have on community connection and wellbeing. They evaluate the outcomes of emotional responses to different situations. Students access, synthesise and apply health information from credible sources to propose and justify responses to health situations. Students propose and evaluate interventions to improve fitness and physical activity levels in their communities. They examine the role physical activity has played historically in defining cultures and cultural identities.


Students demonstrate leadership, fair play and cooperation across a range of movement and health contexts. They apply decision-making and problem-solving skills when taking action to enhance their own and others’ health, safety and wellbeing. They apply and transfer movement concepts and strategies to new and challenging movement situations. They apply criteria to make judgements about and refine their own and others’ specialised movement skills and movement performances. They work collaboratively to design and apply solutions to movement challenges.


Years 9 and 10 Work Sample Portfolios