Health and Physical Education

Please select at least one year level to view the content
Please select at least one Strand to view the content

Rationale

In an increasingly complex, sedentary and rapidly changing world it is critical for every young Australian to not only be able to cope with life’s challenges but also to flourish as healthy, safe and active citizens in the 21st century. This is a strong investment in the future of the Australian population.

Read More >>

Aims

The Australian Curriculum: Health and Physical Education (F–10) aims to develop the knowledge, understanding and skills to enable students to:

access, evaluate and synthesise information to take positive action to protect, enhance and advocate for their own and others’ health, wellbeing, safety and physical activity participation across their lifespan

Read More >>

Key ideas

Health and Physical Education propositions
The Australian Curriculum: Health and Physical Education has been shaped by five interrelated propositions that are informed by a strong and diverse research base for a futures-oriented curriculum:
Focus on educative purposes

Read More >>

Structure

Strands, sub-strands and threads
The Australian Curriculum: Health and Physical Education is organised into two content strands: personal, social and community health and movement and physical activity. Each strand contains content descriptions which are organised under three sub-strands.

Read More >>

PDF documents

Resources and support materials for the Australian Curriculum: Health and Physical Education are available as PDF documents. 
Health and Physical Education: Sequence of content
Health and Physical Education: Sequence of achievement 
Health and …

Read More >>

Glossary

Read More >>

Years 5 and 6

Years 5 and 6 Band Description

The Year 5 and 6 curriculum supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to create opportunities and take action to enhance their own and others' health, wellbeing, safety and physical activity participation. Students develop skills to manage their emotions, understand the physical and social changes that are occurring for them and examine how the nature of their relationships changes over time.

The content provides opportunities for students to contribute to building a positive school environment that supports healthy, safe and active choices for everyone. Students also explore a range of factors and behaviours that can influence health, safety and wellbeing.

Students refine and further develop a wide range of fundamental movement skills in more complex movement patterns and situations. They also apply their understanding of movement strategies and concepts when composing and creating movement sequences and participating in games and sport. Students in Years 5 and 6 further develop their understanding about movement as they learn to monitor how their body responds to different types of physical activity. In addition, they continue to learn to apply rules fairly and behave ethically when participating in different physical activities. Students also learn to effectively communicate and problem-solve in teams or groups in movement settings.

Focus areas to be addressed in Years 5 and 6 include:

  • alcohol and other drugs (AD)
  • food and nutrition (FN)
  • health benefits of physical activity (HBPA)
  • mental health and wellbeing (MH)
  • relationships and sexuality (RS)
  • safety (S)
  • challenge and adventure activities (CA)
  • fundamental movement skills (FMS)
  • games and sports (GS)
  • lifelong physical activities (LLPA)
  • rhythmic and expressive movement activities (RE).

Years 5 and 6 Content Descriptions

Being healthy, safe and active

Examine how identities are influenced by people and places (ACPPS051 - Scootle )
  • identifying how personal qualities contribute to identities and inform world views

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.
  • recognising how individual personalities and teamwork contribute to achieving success in physical activities

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).
  • exploring how personal and cultural identities change over time

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • investigating how personal and cultural identities are influenced by the groups and communities to which we belong and the places to which we feel connected

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • exploring how family, peers, popular culture and the media influence how individuals interact and the choices they make in given situations

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • discussing the notion of 'border crossing'; that is, how Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples live in two worlds
    • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures
Investigate resources and strategies to manage changes and transitions associated with puberty (ACPPS052 - Scootle )
  • understanding that individuals experience changes associated with puberty at different times, with differing levels of intensity and with different responses

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.
  • researching and identifying age-appropriate text and web-based resources to enhance understanding of changes associated with puberty

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • examining the range of products available to manage the physical changes associated with puberty

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
Investigate community resources and ways to seek help about health, safety and wellbeing (ACPPS053 - Scootle )
  • researching health information sources and places where they can seek help, and prioritising those that are reliable and trustworthy

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.
  • applying criteria to online information to assess the credibility of the information and its relevance to peers

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.
  • creating ways to share information about local services young people can access for help, such as a blog, app or advertisement

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.
Plan and practise strategies to promote health, safety and wellbeing (ACPPS054 - Scootle )
  • scripting and rehearsing how to refuse drugs they may be offered, such as medication, tobacco product or alcohol

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.
  • comparing product labels on food items or nutritional information in recipes and suggesting ways to improve the nutritional value of meals

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.
  • proposing and implementing opportunities to increase their physical activity levels at school and at home

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.
  • selecting and practising appropriate responses to promote safety in different situations, including water- and traffic-related situations

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

Communicating and interacting for health and wellbeing

Practise skills to establish and manage relationships (ACPPS055 - Scootle )
  • exploring reasons why relationships may change, such as starting a new school, changing priorities or interests, family break-up, or joining a new sports team

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • assessing the impact of different relationships on personal health and wellbeing

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • proposing strategies for managing the changing nature of relationships, including dealing with bullying and harassment and building new friendships

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • selecting and practising appropriate ways to share power within relationships
Examine the influence of emotional responses on behaviour and relationships (ACPPS056 - Scootle )
  • analysing situations in which emotions can influence decision-making, including in peer-group, family and movement situations

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.
  • discussing how inappropriate emotional responses impact relationships

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • exploring why emotional responses can be unpredictable

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.
  • exploring the emotions associated with feeling unsafe or uncomfortable and how emotions can vary according to different contexts and situations
Recognise how media and important people in the community influence personal attitudes, beliefs, decisions and behaviours (ACPPS057 - Scootle )
  • examining how media and public identities influence the way people act and the choices they make

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • sharing how important people in their life influence them to act or behave in a healthy or safe way

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.
  • analysing health messages in the media and comparing their interpretations with those of other members of the class

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.
  • exploring media representations of people who are Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander, from diverse cultural backgrounds, same-sex attracted or gender diverse, and discussing how representations impact on community values
    • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures

Contributing to healthy and active communities

Investigate the role of preventive health in promoting and maintaining health, safety and wellbeing for individuals and their communities (ACPPS058 - Scootle )
  • investigating practices that help promote and maintain health and wellbeing, such as eating a diet reflecting The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating, meeting recommendations for daily physical activity and creating connections with others to enhance social health

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • proposing and implementing actions and protective behaviours that promote safe participation in physical activities

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.
  • discussing the importance of social support and a sense of belonging in promoting mental health and wellbeing

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
Explore how participation in outdoor activities supports personal and community health and wellbeing and creates connections to natural and built environments (ACPPS059 - Scootle )
  • exploring ways in which people can connect with other members of their community through participating in physical activities in natural settings and built environments

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.
  • discussing how a connection to the local community, environment or special places can influence personal and community health and wellbeing

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.
  • discussing how access to natural and built environments can help or hinder participation in physical activities

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).
  • exploring Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander understandings of special places and the connection of these places to physical activities
    • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.
Identify how valuing diversity positively influences the wellbeing of the community (ACPPS060 - Scootle )
  • exploring initiatives sporting and community groups use to counter all forms of discrimination and support the wellbeing of their communities

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.
  • discussing how the actions of bystanders, friends and family can prevent and/or stop bullying and other forms of discrimination and harassment

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.
  • proposing strategies to help others understand points of view that differ from their own and to encourage further discussion about individual and cultural similarities and differences in order to tackle racism

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • exploring and celebrating how cultures differ in behaviours, beliefs and values

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.
  • exploring ways to create safe and inclusive schools for minority groups

Moving our body

Practise specialised movement skills and apply them in a variety of movement sequences and situations (ACPMP061 - Scootle )
  • applying stability and locomotor skills to dodge and feint in different movement situations

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.
  • applying kicking, striking and throwing skills to propel an object and keep it in motion

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).
  • combining surface propulsion and underwater skills in an aquatic environment

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on the development of fundamental movement skills that provide the foundation for competent and confident participation in a range of physical activities such as games, sports, dance, gymnastics and physical recreation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 6 will have opportunities to practise and develop the following skills:

    Locomotor and non-locomotor skills:

    • rolling
    • balancing
    • sliding
    • jogging
    • running
    • leaping
    • jumping
    • hopping
    • dodging
    • galloping
    • skipping
    • floating and moving the body through water to safety.

    Object control skills:

    • bouncing
    • throwing
    • catching
    • kicking
    • striking.
  • composing and performing a range of complex static and dynamic balances on different body parts or rotating and/or pivoting

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.
  • jumping with control for height and distance using a variety of body positions

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    focuses on the development of fundamental movement skills that provide the foundation for competent and confident participation in a range of physical activities such as games, sports, dance, gymnastics and physical recreation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 6 will have opportunities to practise and develop the following skills:

    Locomotor and non-locomotor skills:

    • rolling
    • balancing
    • sliding
    • jogging
    • running
    • leaping
    • jumping
    • hopping
    • dodging
    • galloping
    • skipping
    • floating and moving the body through water to safety.

    Object control skills:

    • bouncing
    • throwing
    • catching
    • kicking
    • striking.
  • performing activities that involve a transition from one skill to another, such as from dribbling to shooting or from leaping to balancing
  • designing a sequence of passes between teammates to maintain possession or move a piece of equipment from one point to another
  • experimenting with different music genres such as Indian bhangra music when performing creative dances
Propose and apply movement concepts and strategies with and without equipment (ACPMP063 - Scootle )
  • demonstrating defensive and offensive play in modified games

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).
  • proposing and applying movement concepts and strategies to perform movement sequences at different levels using different types of equipment

    focuses on the development of fundamental movement skills that provide the foundation for competent and confident participation in a range of physical activities such as games, sports, dance, gymnastics and physical recreation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 6 will have opportunities to practise and develop the following skills:

    Locomotor and non-locomotor skills:

    • rolling
    • balancing
    • sliding
    • jogging
    • running
    • leaping
    • jumping
    • hopping
    • dodging
    • galloping
    • skipping
    • floating and moving the body through water to safety.

    Object control skills:

    • bouncing
    • throwing
    • catching
    • kicking
    • striking.

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).
  • proposing and applying movement concepts and strategies to safely traverse a natural environment

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

Understanding movement

Participate in physical activities designed to enhance fitness, and discuss the impact regular participation can have on health and wellbeing (ACPMP064 - Scootle )
  • creating and participating in a fitness circuit designed to improve health-related fitness components

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.
  • demonstrating and describing safe stretching activities which maintain and develop flexibility

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.
  • examining the benefits of physical activity to social health and mental wellbeing

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.
  • participating in a range of physical activities and exploring their health, skill and fitness benefits

    focuses on the development of fundamental movement skills that provide the foundation for competent and confident participation in a range of physical activities such as games, sports, dance, gymnastics and physical recreation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 6 will have opportunities to practise and develop the following skills:

    Locomotor and non-locomotor skills:

    • rolling
    • balancing
    • sliding
    • jogging
    • running
    • leaping
    • jumping
    • hopping
    • dodging
    • galloping
    • skipping
    • floating and moving the body through water to safety.

    Object control skills:

    • bouncing
    • throwing
    • catching
    • kicking
    • striking.

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.
  • examining and describing health-related and skill-related components of fitness

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.
Manipulate and modify elements of effort, space, time, objects and people to perform movement sequences (ACPMP065 - Scootle )
  • demonstrating an understanding of how to adjust the force and speed of an object to improve accuracy and control

    focuses on the development of fundamental movement skills that provide the foundation for competent and confident participation in a range of physical activities such as games, sports, dance, gymnastics and physical recreation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 6 will have opportunities to practise and develop the following skills:

    Locomotor and non-locomotor skills:

    • rolling
    • balancing
    • sliding
    • jogging
    • running
    • leaping
    • jumping
    • hopping
    • dodging
    • galloping
    • skipping
    • floating and moving the body through water to safety.

    Object control skills:

    • bouncing
    • throwing
    • catching
    • kicking
    • striking.

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).
  • creating a movement sequence that demonstrates variations in flow and levels and involves individuals moving together in time

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.
  • working with a partner to explore pushing and pulling movements and how these can be manipulated to perform counter-balances

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.
  • developing strategies that exploit the playing space to create overlaps and extra attackers

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).
Participate in physical activities from their own and others’ cultures, and examine how involvement creates community connections and intercultural understanding (ACPMP066 - Scootle )
  • researching and participating in different cultural games or physical activities that children in other countries play

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).
  • exploring the place of water-based recreational activities in Australian culture and how communities come together to enjoy water-based activities

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.
  • participating in and investigating the heritage of games that have cultural significance in Australia, and exploring similarities with games of significance to other cultures, such as jump rope and Nang Tong (from Thailand), poison ball and Bola Beracun (from Malaysia), hockey and Lor Kon Krok (from Thailand) and Australian Rules football, lacrosse and Gaelic football
    • Asia and Australia’s Engagement with Asia

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

Learning through movement

Participate positively in groups and teams by encouraging others and negotiating roles and responsibilities (ACPMP067 - Scootle )
  • understanding the contribution of different roles and responsibilities in physical activities that promote enjoyment, safety and positive outcomes for participants

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).
  • demonstrating negotiation skills when dealing with conflicts or disagreements in movement situations

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).
  • using reflective listening when working in small groups on movement tasks or challenges

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • exploring and performing the duties and responsibilities of different roles for a range of physical activities

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.
Apply critical and creative thinking processes in order to generate and assess solutions to movement challenges (ACPMP068 - Scootle )
  • recognising that there may be a number of solutions to movement challenges and justifying which solution is most appropriate or effective

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on the development of fundamental movement skills that provide the foundation for competent and confident participation in a range of physical activities such as games, sports, dance, gymnastics and physical recreation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 6 will have opportunities to practise and develop the following skills:

    Locomotor and non-locomotor skills:

    • rolling
    • balancing
    • sliding
    • jogging
    • running
    • leaping
    • jumping
    • hopping
    • dodging
    • galloping
    • skipping
    • floating and moving the body through water to safety.

    Object control skills:

    • bouncing
    • throwing
    • catching
    • kicking
    • striking.
  • applying movement skills and strategies from other contexts to generate a solution to an unfamiliar movement challenge

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on the development of fundamental movement skills that provide the foundation for competent and confident participation in a range of physical activities such as games, sports, dance, gymnastics and physical recreation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 6 will have opportunities to practise and develop the following skills:

    Locomotor and non-locomotor skills:

    • rolling
    • balancing
    • sliding
    • jogging
    • running
    • leaping
    • jumping
    • hopping
    • dodging
    • galloping
    • skipping
    • floating and moving the body through water to safety.

    Object control skills:

    • bouncing
    • throwing
    • catching
    • kicking
    • striking.

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.
  • assessing and refining strategies to persist and successfully perform new and challenging movement skills and sequences

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on the development of fundamental movement skills that provide the foundation for competent and confident participation in a range of physical activities such as games, sports, dance, gymnastics and physical recreation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 6 will have opportunities to practise and develop the following skills:

    Locomotor and non-locomotor skills:

    • rolling
    • balancing
    • sliding
    • jogging
    • running
    • leaping
    • jumping
    • hopping
    • dodging
    • galloping
    • skipping
    • floating and moving the body through water to safety.

    Object control skills:

    • bouncing
    • throwing
    • catching
    • kicking
    • striking.

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).
  • devising strategies and formulating plans to assist in successfully performing new movement skills

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on the development of fundamental movement skills that provide the foundation for competent and confident participation in a range of physical activities such as games, sports, dance, gymnastics and physical recreation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 6 will have opportunities to practise and develop the following skills:

    Locomotor and non-locomotor skills:

    • rolling
    • balancing
    • sliding
    • jogging
    • running
    • leaping
    • jumping
    • hopping
    • dodging
    • galloping
    • skipping
    • floating and moving the body through water to safety.

    Object control skills:

    • bouncing
    • throwing
    • catching
    • kicking
    • striking.

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).
Demonstrate ethical behaviour and fair play that aligns with rules when participating in a range of physical activities (ACPMP069 - Scootle )
  • explaining why infringements result in consequences such as a penalty or free pass

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).
  • proposing changes to the rules and/or conditions to create a more inclusive game or to allow for a fairer contest

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).
  • correctly interpreting and applying rules in physical activities

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.

Years 5 and 6 Achievement Standards

By the end of Year 6, students investigate developmental changes and transitions. They explain the influence of people and places on identities. They recognise the influence of emotions on behaviours and discuss factors that influence how people interact. They describe their own and others’ contributions to health, physical activity, safety and wellbeing. They describe the key features of health-related fitness and the significance of physical activity participation to health and wellbeing. They examine how physical activity, celebrating diversity and connecting to the environment support community wellbeing and cultural understanding.

Students demonstrate fair play and skills to work collaboratively. They access and interpret health information and apply decision-making and problem-solving skills to enhance their own and others’ health, safety and wellbeing. They perform specialised movement skills and sequences and propose and combine movement concepts and strategies to achieve movement outcomes and solve movement challenges. They apply the elements of movement when composing and performing movement sequences.


Years 5 and 6 Work Sample Portfolios