Health and Physical Education

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Please select at least one Strand to view the content

Rationale

In an increasingly complex, sedentary and rapidly changing world it is critical for every young Australian to not only be able to cope with life’s challenges but also to flourish as healthy, safe and active citizens in the 21st century. This is a strong investment in the future of the Australian population.

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Aims

The Australian Curriculum: Health and Physical Education (F–10) aims to develop the knowledge, understanding and skills to enable students to:

access, evaluate and synthesise information to take positive action to protect, enhance and advocate for their own and others’ health, wellbeing, safety and physical activity participation across their lifespan

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Key ideas

Health and Physical Education propositions
The Australian Curriculum: Health and Physical Education has been shaped by five interrelated propositions that are informed by a strong and diverse research base for a futures-oriented curriculum:
Focus on educative purposes

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Structure

Strands, sub-strands and threads
The Australian Curriculum: Health and Physical Education is organised into two content strands: personal, social and community health and movement and physical activity. Each strand contains content descriptions which are organised under three sub-strands.

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PDF documents

Resources and support materials for the Australian Curriculum: Health and Physical Education are available as PDF documents. 
Health and Physical Education: Sequence of content
Health and Physical Education: Sequence of achievement 
Health and …

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Glossary

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Years 3 and 4

Years 3 and 4 Band Description

The Year 3 and 4 curriculum further develops students’ knowledge, understanding and skills in relation to their health, wellbeing, safety and participation in physical activity. In these years, students begin to explore personal and social factors that support and contribute to their identities and emotional responses in varying situations. They also develop a further understanding of how their bodies grow and change as they get older.

The content explores knowledge, understanding and skills that supports students to build and maintain respectful relationships, make health-enhancing and safe decisions, and interpret health messages from different sources to take action to enhance their own health and wellbeing.

The curriculum in Years 3 and 4 builds on previous learning in movement to help students develop greater proficiency across the range of fundamental movement skills. Students combine movements to create more complicated movement patterns and sequences. Through participation in a variety of physical activities, students further develop their knowledge about movement and how the body moves. They do this as they explore the features of activities that meet their needs and interests and learn about the benefits of regular physical activity.

The Year 3 and 4 curriculum also gives students opportunities to develop through movement personal and social skills such as leadership, communication, collaboration, problem-solving, persistence and decision-making.

Focus areas to be addressed in Years 3 and 4 include:

  • alcohol and other drugs (AD)
  • food and nutrition (FN)
  • health benefits of physical activity (HBPA)
  • mental health and wellbeing (MH)
  • relationships and sexuality (RS)
  • safety (S)
  • active play and minor games (AP)
  • challenge and adventure activities (CA)
  • fundamental movement skills (FMS)
  • games and sports (GS)
  • lifelong physical activities (LLPA)
  • rhythmic and expressive movement activities (RE).

Years 3 and 4 Content Descriptions

Being healthy, safe and active

Explore how success, challenge and failure strengthen identities (ACPPS033 - Scootle )
Personal and Social Capability

Self-awareness
  • Understand themselves as learners
  • Recognise personal qualities and achievements
  • Develop reflective practice

Self-management
  • Express emotions appropriately
  • Become confident, resilient and adaptable
  • Develop self-discipline and set goals
  • Work independently and show initiative

Social awareness
  • Understand relationships

Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Organise and process information
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas
  • Pose questions

Reflecting on thinking and processes
  • Reflect on processes

Analysing, synthesising and evaluating reasoning and procedures
  • Apply logic and reasoning

Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

  • exploring factors that support personal achievement and development of personal identities, such as the influence of family, friends and school
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-management
    • Work independently and show initiative
    • Express emotions appropriately

    Social awareness
    • Understand relationships

    Self-awareness
    • Develop reflective practice
    • Understand themselves as learners
    • Recognise personal qualities and achievements

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.
  • suggesting ways to respond positively to challenges and failure, such as using self-talk, early help-seeking behaviours, and optimistic thinking
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-management
    • Develop self-discipline and set goals
    • Work independently and show initiative

    Self-awareness
    • Recognise personal qualities and achievements

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Pose questions
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • persisting with new activities and examining how success through persistence can have positive outcomes and strengthen identities
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Understand themselves as learners
    • Recognise personal qualities and achievements
    • Develop reflective practice

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately
    • Work independently and show initiative
    • Develop self-discipline and set goals
    • Become confident, resilient and adaptable

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.
  • explaining how meeting challenges makes them feel good about themselves and builds confidence to try new things
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Understand themselves as learners
    • Recognise personal qualities and achievements
    • Develop reflective practice

    Self-management
    • Develop self-discipline and set goals
    • Become confident, resilient and adaptable
    • Express emotions appropriately

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.
  • talking about how overcoming a challenge or adversity can unite a group of diverse people
    Intercultural Understanding

    Reflecting on intercultural experiences and taking responsibility
    • Mediate cultural difference

    Interacting and empathising with others
    • Empathise with others
    • Consider and develop multiple perspectives

    Recognising culture and developing respect
    • Explore and compare cultural knowledge, beliefs and practices
    • Develop respect for cultural diversity

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Pose questions

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Imagine possibilities and connect ideas

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives
    • Contribute to civil society

Explore strategies to manage physical, social and emotional change (ACPPS034 - Scootle )
Personal and Social Capability

Self-awareness
  • Understand themselves as learners
  • Recognise emotions

Self-management
  • Develop self-discipline and set goals
  • Become confident, resilient and adaptable
  • Express emotions appropriately

Social awareness
  • Understand relationships

Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas
  • Organise and process information

Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

  • discussing physical, social and emotional changes that occur as individuals get older, and exploring how these changes impact on how they think and feel about themselves and different situations
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-management
    • Develop self-discipline and set goals
    • Express emotions appropriately

    Social awareness
    • Understand relationships

    Self-awareness
    • Understand themselves as learners
    • Recognise emotions

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.
  • exploring how friendships change as they grow older and identifying strategies to manage change
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social awareness
    • Understand relationships

    Self-management
    • Become confident, resilient and adaptable
    • Develop self-discipline and set goals

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • identifying people or sources of information that they can access if they have questions about the changes that are occurring
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Understand themselves as learners

    Social awareness
    • Understand relationships

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately

    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
Describe and apply strategies that can be used in situations that make them feel uncomfortable or unsafe (ACPPS035 - Scootle )
Personal and Social Capability

Self-awareness
  • Recognise personal qualities and achievements

Self-management
  • Work independently and show initiative
  • Express emotions appropriately
  • Become confident, resilient and adaptable

Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Organise and process information
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Seek solutions and put ideas into action
  • Consider alternatives

Literacy

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Use language to interact with others
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
  • Compose texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

  • recognising physical responses that indicate they are feeling uncomfortable or unsafe
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Understand themselves as learners
    • Develop reflective practice
    • Recognise emotions

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.
  • rehearsing assertive behaviours and strong non-verbal communication skills
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Develop reflective practice
    • Understand themselves as learners

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • identifying and practising appropriate responses to unsafe situations in relation to drugs and drug use
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Develop reflective practice
    • Understand themselves as learners

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.
  • indicating on a local map the location of safe places and people who can help
    Literacy

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

    Numeracy

    Using spatial reasoning
    • Interpret maps and diagrams

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.
  • examining protective behaviours to stay safe in different situations, including near water or roads, in the park or when someone makes them feel uncomfortable or unsafe
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Reflecting on thinking and processes
    • Reflect on processes

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Analysing, synthesising and evaluating reasoning and procedures
    • Apply logic and reasoning

    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately

    Self-awareness
    • Recognise personal qualities and achievements
    • Understand themselves as learners

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.
Identify and practise strategies to promote health, safety and wellbeing (ACPPS036 - Scootle )
Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Organise and process information
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

Personal and Social Capability

Self-awareness
  • Understand themselves as learners
  • Develop reflective practice

Self-management
  • Become confident, resilient and adaptable
  • Work independently and show initiative

  • identifying how medications and other substances can be stored safely in the home and at school

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.
  • examining their own eating patterns by researching The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating and identifying healthier food choices
    Literacy

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.
  • proposing changes they can make to their daily routines to reduce sedentary behaviour and increase physical activity levels
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Recognise personal qualities and achievements
    • Understand themselves as learners

    Self-management
    • Develop self-discipline and set goals

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Consider alternatives

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Pose questions
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.
  • identifying and practising ways of behaving in the playground that ensure the safety of themselves and others
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Develop reflective practice
    • Understand themselves as learners

    Self-management
    • Become confident, resilient and adaptable
    • Work independently and show initiative

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

Communicating and interacting for health and wellbeing

Describe how respect, empathy and valuing diversity can positively influence relationships (ACPPS037 - Scootle )
Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Intercultural Understanding

Interacting and empathising with others
  • Empathise with others

Personal and Social Capability

Social management
  • Work collaboratively

Social awareness
  • Appreciate diverse perspectives
  • Understand relationships

Ethical Understanding

Exploring values, rights and responsibilities
  • Examine values
  • Consider points of view

Understanding ethical concepts and issues
  • Recognise ethical concepts

Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose texts
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
  • Use language to interact with others

  • describing behaviours that show empathy and respect for the rights of others
    Intercultural Understanding

    Interacting and empathising with others
    • Empathise with others

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social awareness
    • Understand relationships

    Social management
    • Work collaboratively

    Self-awareness
    • Recognise emotions

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Ethical Understanding

    Understanding ethical concepts and issues
    • Explore ethical concepts in context

    Exploring values, rights and responsibilities
    • Examine values

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • creating an online connection with another school and identifying similarities and differences between students
    Personal and Social Capability

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Analysing, synthesising and evaluating reasoning and procedures
    • Apply logic and reasoning

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action
    • Imagine possibilities and connect ideas

    Reflecting on thinking and processes
    • Reflect on processes

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Literacy

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

    Visual Knowledge
    • Understand how visual elements create meaning

    Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability

    Creating with ICT
    • Generate solutions to challenges and learning area tasks

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • predicting and reflecting on how other students might feel in a range of challenging situations, and discussing what they can do to support them
    Ethical Understanding

    Reasoning in decision making and actions
    • Consider consequences

    Exploring values, rights and responsibilities
    • Consider points of view

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

    Reflecting on thinking and processes
    • Reflect on processes

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Recognise emotions

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives
    • Understand relationships

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively
    • Work collaboratively

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • recognising that bullying behaviour can take many forms, not only physical
    Ethical Understanding

    Understanding ethical concepts and issues
    • Recognise ethical concepts

    Reasoning in decision making and actions
    • Consider consequences

    Exploring values, rights and responsibilities
    • Consider points of view
    • Examine values

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social awareness
    • Understand relationships
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives

    Self-awareness
    • Recognise emotions

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • describing safe bystander behaviour when they notice unfair treatment
    Personal and Social Capability

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively
    • Negotiate and resolve conflict

    Social awareness
    • Understand relationships
    • Contribute to civil society

    Ethical Understanding

    Reasoning in decision making and actions
    • Reason and make ethical decisions
    • Reflect on ethical action

    Understanding ethical concepts and issues
    • Explore ethical concepts in context
    • Recognise ethical concepts

    Exploring values, rights and responsibilities
    • Explore rights and responsibilities

  • talking about how reconciliation in Australia builds relationships
    Personal and Social Capability

    Social management
    • Negotiate and resolve conflict

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives

    Intercultural Understanding

    Reflecting on intercultural experiences and taking responsibility
    • Challenge stereotypes and prejudices
    • Mediate cultural difference

    Interacting and empathising with others
    • Consider and develop multiple perspectives

    Recognising culture and developing respect
    • Develop respect for cultural diversity

Investigate how emotional responses vary in depth and strength (ACPPS038 - Scootle )
Critical and Creative Thinking

Reflecting on thinking and processes
  • Reflect on processes

Analysing, synthesising and evaluating reasoning and procedures
  • Apply logic and reasoning

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Organise and process information
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas
  • Pose questions

Personal and Social Capability

Self-awareness
  • Recognise emotions

Self-management
  • Express emotions appropriately

  • recognising own emotional responses and levels of their response in different situations
    Personal and Social Capability

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively

    Social awareness
    • Understand relationships
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately

    Self-awareness
    • Recognise emotions

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.
  • understanding that emotional responses vary across cultures and differ between people and different situations
    Personal and Social Capability

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately

    Self-awareness
    • Recognise emotions

    Intercultural Understanding

    Recognising culture and developing respect
    • Investigate culture and cultural identity

    Reflecting on intercultural experiences and taking responsibility
    • Reflect on intercultural experiences

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • analysing scenarios and identifying possible triggers and warning signs to predict emotional responses
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Pose questions
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives

    Self-awareness
    • Recognise emotions

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • describing strategies they can use to identify and manage their emotions before making a decision to act
    Personal and Social Capability

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively

    Self-awareness
    • Recognise emotions

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives
    • Understand relationships

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
Discuss and interpret health information and messages in the media and internet (ACPPS039 - Scootle )
Critical and Creative Thinking

Analysing, synthesising and evaluating reasoning and procedures
  • Apply logic and reasoning

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Consider alternatives

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Organise and process information
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Reflecting on thinking and processes
  • Reflect on processes

Literacy

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose texts
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Visual Knowledge
  • Understand how visual elements create meaning

Personal and Social Capability

Self-awareness
  • Recognise personal qualities and achievements

Self-management
  • Express emotions appropriately

Social management
  • Work collaboratively

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability

Communicating with ICT
  • Understand computer mediated communications

Investigating with ICT
  • Select and evaluate data and information
  • Locate, generate and access data and information

  • accessing different sources of health information and examining the accuracy of these sources
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

    Reflecting on thinking and processes
    • Reflect on processes

    Analysing, synthesising and evaluating reasoning and procedures
    • Apply logic and reasoning

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • examining health messages from different sources and exploring choices, behaviours and outcomes conveyed in these messages
    Literacy

    Visual Knowledge
    • Understand how visual elements create meaning

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Analysing, synthesising and evaluating reasoning and procedures
    • Apply logic and reasoning

    Reflecting on thinking and processes
    • Reflect on processes

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives
    • Contribute to civil society

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.
  • investigating how health messages influence health decisions
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Visual Knowledge
    • Understand how visual elements create meaning

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives

    Social management
    • Make decisions

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.

Contributing to healthy and active communities

Describe strategies to make the classroom and playground healthy, safe and active spaces (ACPPS040 - Scootle )
Personal and Social Capability

Social awareness
  • Understand relationships

Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
  • Use language to interact with others
  • Compose texts

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text structures

Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas
  • Organise and process information

  • identifying how regular physical activity promotes health, and recognising and accessing opportunities to be active while they are at school
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Recognise personal qualities and achievements
    • Understand themselves as learners

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.
  • creating promotional posters to display around the school containing positive health and physical activity messages
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action
    • Consider alternatives

    Literacy

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Text knowledge
    • Use knowledge of text structures

    Visual Knowledge
    • Understand how visual elements create meaning

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social awareness
    • Understand relationships

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.

    focuses on learning through which students actively engage in play with people, objects and representations; indoors, outdoors, alone, with a partner or in a group. The content supports students to be physically active and develop skills such as persistence, negotiation, problem solving, planning and cooperation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 4 will participate in the following:

    • imaginative play
    • small group games
    • minor games
    • lead-up games.

    addresses a range of drugs, including prescription drugs, bush and alternative medicines, energy drinks, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs. The content supports students to explore the impact drugs can have on individuals, families and communities.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safe use of medicines
    • alternatives to taking medicines
    • the effect of drugs on the body (including energy drinks and caffeine)
    • factors that influence the use of different types of drugs
    • impact of drug use on individuals and communities
    • making informed decisions about drugs (assertive behaviour, peer influence, harm minimisation, awareness of blood-borne viruses)
    • performance-enhancing drugs in sport.

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • establishing a small fruit and vegetable garden for the class that can be used to create healthy lunches or snacks

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.
  • exploring and developing responsible and sustainable classroom practices such as recycling, composting and energy saving
    • Sustainability
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social awareness
    • Understand relationships

    Social management
    • Work collaboratively

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.

    addresses safety issues that students may encounter in their daily lives. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make safe decisions and behave in ways that protect their own safety and that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • safety at school
    • safe practices at home, in road or transport environments, in the outdoors and when near water
    • safe and unsafe situations at home, school and parties and in the community
    • strategies for dealing with unsafe or uncomfortable situations
    • safe practices when using information and communication technologies (ICT) and online services, including dealing with cyberbullying
    • managing personal safety
    • first aid and emergency care, including safe blood practices
    • safety when participating in physical activity, including sports safety, sun safety, use of protective equipment and modifying rules
    • relationship and dating safety.
Participate in outdoor games and activities to examine how participation promotes a connection between the community, natural and built environments, and health and wellbeing (ACPPS041 - Scootle )
Personal and Social Capability

Social awareness
  • Understand relationships

Social management
  • Work collaboratively

Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Organise and process information
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Analysing, synthesising and evaluating reasoning and procedures
  • Apply logic and reasoning

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Consider alternatives

  • participating in physical activities in natural environments in the local area and reflecting on the enjoyable components of participation
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Reflecting on thinking and processes
    • Reflect on processes

    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Understand themselves as learners
    • Recognise emotions

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    focuses on learning through which students actively engage in play with people, objects and representations; indoors, outdoors, alone, with a partner or in a group. The content supports students to be physically active and develop skills such as persistence, negotiation, problem solving, planning and cooperation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 4 will participate in the following:

    • imaginative play
    • small group games
    • minor games
    • lead-up games.
  • comparing the characteristics and benefits of physical activities that can take place in a natural environment and those that take place in a built environment

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on learning through which students actively engage in play with people, objects and representations; indoors, outdoors, alone, with a partner or in a group. The content supports students to be physically active and develop skills such as persistence, negotiation, problem solving, planning and cooperation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 4 will participate in the following:

    • imaginative play
    • small group games
    • minor games
    • lead-up games.

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.
Research own heritage and cultural identities, and explore strategies to respect and value diversity (ACPPS042 - Scootle )
Critical and Creative Thinking

Analysing, synthesising and evaluating reasoning and procedures
  • Draw conclusions and design a course of action
  • Apply logic and reasoning

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas
  • Organise and process information

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Consider alternatives

Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose texts
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text structures

Personal and Social Capability

Social awareness
  • Contribute to civil society
  • Appreciate diverse perspectives

Intercultural Understanding

Recognising culture and developing respect
  • Develop respect for cultural diversity
  • Investigate culture and cultural identity

Interacting and empathising with others
  • Consider and develop multiple perspectives

Ethical Understanding

Understanding ethical concepts and issues
  • Recognise ethical concepts

Exploring values, rights and responsibilities
  • Examine values

  • researching games from their country of heritage and teaching the class how to play them
    Intercultural Understanding

    Recognising culture and developing respect
    • Investigate culture and cultural identity
    • Explore and compare cultural knowledge, beliefs and practices

    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Text knowledge
    • Use knowledge of text structures

    focuses on learning through which students actively engage in play with people, objects and representations; indoors, outdoors, alone, with a partner or in a group. The content supports students to be physically active and develop skills such as persistence, negotiation, problem solving, planning and cooperation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 4 will participate in the following:

    • imaginative play
    • small group games
    • minor games
    • lead-up games.
  • investigating how food practices differ between families, communities and cultural groups, and how food preparation and consumption are used to celebrate and pass on cultural beliefs, practices and values
    Intercultural Understanding

    Recognising culture and developing respect
    • Investigate culture and cultural identity
    • Develop respect for cultural diversity
    • Explore and compare cultural knowledge, beliefs and practices

    Interacting and empathising with others
    • Consider and develop multiple perspectives

    Ethical Understanding

    Exploring values, rights and responsibilities
    • Consider points of view
    • Examine values

    Understanding ethical concepts and issues
    • Recognise ethical concepts

    Literacy

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Text knowledge
    • Use knowledge of text structures

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.
  • planning a day that celebrates the cultural diversity of students in their class by sharing food, stories and games from their cultural background
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action
    • Consider alternatives

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives
    • Contribute to civil society
    • Understand relationships

    Intercultural Understanding

    Recognising culture and developing respect
    • Investigate culture and cultural identity
    • Explore and compare cultural knowledge, beliefs and practices
    • Develop respect for cultural diversity

    Interacting and empathising with others
    • Consider and develop multiple perspectives

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    focuses on learning through which students actively engage in play with people, objects and representations; indoors, outdoors, alone, with a partner or in a group. The content supports students to be physically active and develop skills such as persistence, negotiation, problem solving, planning and cooperation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 4 will participate in the following:

    • imaginative play
    • small group games
    • minor games
    • lead-up games.

    addresses the role of food and nutrition in enhancing health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make healthy, informed food choices and to explore the contextual factors that influence eating habits and food choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • food groups and recommendations for healthy eating (including The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating)
    • nutritional requirements and dietary needs (including The Australian Dietary Guidelines)
    • food labelling and packaging
    • food advertising
    • personal, social, economic and cultural influences on food choices and eating habits
    • strategies for planning and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet
    • healthy options for snacks, meals and drinks
    • sustainable food choices.
  • reading Dreaming stories unique to an Aboriginal group and comparing them to stories shared in different cultures
    • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
    • Use language to interact with others

    Intercultural Understanding

    Recognising culture and developing respect
    • Explore and compare cultural knowledge, beliefs and practices
    • Develop respect for cultural diversity
    • Investigate culture and cultural identity

    Interacting and empathising with others
    • Consider and develop multiple perspectives

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

Moving our body

Practise and refine fundamental movement skills in a variety of movement sequences and situations (ACPMP043 - Scootle )
Personal and Social Capability

Self-awareness
  • Understand themselves as learners
  • Develop reflective practice

Self-management
  • Become confident, resilient and adaptable
  • Work independently and show initiative

  • performing activities where locomotor and object control skills are combined to complete a movement, task or challenge
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Develop reflective practice

    Self-management
    • Become confident, resilient and adaptable
    • Work independently and show initiative

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on learning through which students actively engage in play with people, objects and representations; indoors, outdoors, alone, with a partner or in a group. The content supports students to be physically active and develop skills such as persistence, negotiation, problem solving, planning and cooperation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 4 will participate in the following:

    • imaginative play
    • small group games
    • minor games
    • lead-up games.

    focuses on the development of fundamental movement skills that provide the foundation for competent and confident participation in a range of physical activities such as games, sports, dance, gymnastics and physical recreation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 6 will have opportunities to practise and develop the following skills:

    Locomotor and non-locomotor skills:

    • rolling
    • balancing
    • sliding
    • jogging
    • running
    • leaping
    • jumping
    • hopping
    • dodging
    • galloping
    • skipping
    • floating and moving the body through water to safety.

    Object control skills:

    • bouncing
    • throwing
    • catching
    • kicking
    • striking.
  • performing fundamental movement skills to demonstrate weight transference in different physical activities
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Develop reflective practice

    Self-management
    • Work independently and show initiative
    • Become confident, resilient and adaptable

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on the development of fundamental movement skills that provide the foundation for competent and confident participation in a range of physical activities such as games, sports, dance, gymnastics and physical recreation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 6 will have opportunities to practise and develop the following skills:

    Locomotor and non-locomotor skills:

    • rolling
    • balancing
    • sliding
    • jogging
    • running
    • leaping
    • jumping
    • hopping
    • dodging
    • galloping
    • skipping
    • floating and moving the body through water to safety.

    Object control skills:

    • bouncing
    • throwing
    • catching
    • kicking
    • striking.

    focuses on learning through which students actively engage in play with people, objects and representations; indoors, outdoors, alone, with a partner or in a group. The content supports students to be physically active and develop skills such as persistence, negotiation, problem solving, planning and cooperation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 4 will participate in the following:

    • imaginative play
    • small group games
    • minor games
    • lead-up games.
  • coordinating kicking with arm movements to move the body through the water
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Understand themselves as learners

    Self-management
    • Work independently and show initiative
    • Become confident, resilient and adaptable

    focuses on the development of fundamental movement skills that provide the foundation for competent and confident participation in a range of physical activities such as games, sports, dance, gymnastics and physical recreation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 6 will have opportunities to practise and develop the following skills:

    Locomotor and non-locomotor skills:

    • rolling
    • balancing
    • sliding
    • jogging
    • running
    • leaping
    • jumping
    • hopping
    • dodging
    • galloping
    • skipping
    • floating and moving the body through water to safety.

    Object control skills:

    • bouncing
    • throwing
    • catching
    • kicking
    • striking.
  • exploring and practising different techniques to propel objects towards a target
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

    Numeracy

    Using spatial reasoning
    • Interpret maps and diagrams

    Using measurement
    • Estimate and measure with metric units

    Estimating and calculating with whole numbers
    • Understand and use numbers in context

    focuses on learning through which students actively engage in play with people, objects and representations; indoors, outdoors, alone, with a partner or in a group. The content supports students to be physically active and develop skills such as persistence, negotiation, problem solving, planning and cooperation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 4 will participate in the following:

    • imaginative play
    • small group games
    • minor games
    • lead-up games.

    focuses on the development of fundamental movement skills that provide the foundation for competent and confident participation in a range of physical activities such as games, sports, dance, gymnastics and physical recreation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 6 will have opportunities to practise and develop the following skills:

    Locomotor and non-locomotor skills:

    • rolling
    • balancing
    • sliding
    • jogging
    • running
    • leaping
    • jumping
    • hopping
    • dodging
    • galloping
    • skipping
    • floating and moving the body through water to safety.

    Object control skills:

    • bouncing
    • throwing
    • catching
    • kicking
    • striking.
  • using a surface dive and propelling the body underwater to recover an object
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-management
    • Become confident, resilient and adaptable
    • Work independently and show initiative

    Numeracy

    Using measurement
    • Estimate and measure with metric units

    Estimating and calculating with whole numbers
    • Understand and use numbers in context

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Pose questions

  • performing tumbling routines using rolling actions, incline, weight transfer, flight and balances
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-management
    • Become confident, resilient and adaptable
    • Work independently and show initiative

    Self-awareness
    • Develop reflective practice

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Reflecting on thinking and processes
    • Think about thinking (metacognition)

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Consider alternatives
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

    Literacy

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

    Numeracy

    Using measurement
    • Estimate and measure with metric units

    Recognising and using patterns and relationships
    • Recognise and use patterns and relationships

    Estimating and calculating with whole numbers
    • Understand and use numbers in context

  • performing routines incorporating different jumping techniques and connecting movements
    Numeracy

    Estimating and calculating with whole numbers
    • Understand and use numbers in context

    Recognising and using patterns and relationships
    • Recognise and use patterns and relationships

    Using spatial reasoning
    • Interpret maps and diagrams

    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-management
    • Become confident, resilient and adaptable
    • Work independently and show initiative

    Self-awareness
    • Develop reflective practice

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Reflecting on thinking and processes
    • Think about thinking (metacognition)

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Consider alternatives
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Literacy

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

Practise and apply movement concepts and strategies with and without equipment (ACPMP045 - Scootle )
Personal and Social Capability

Self-awareness
  • Understand themselves as learners
  • Develop reflective practice

Self-management
  • Work independently and show initiative
  • Become confident, resilient and adaptable

  • planning and performing strategies to be successful in tag and dodge games
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-management
    • Become confident, resilient and adaptable
    • Work independently and show initiative

    Social management
    • Work collaboratively

    Self-awareness
    • Develop reflective practice
    • Understand themselves as learners

    focuses on learning through which students actively engage in play with people, objects and representations; indoors, outdoors, alone, with a partner or in a group. The content supports students to be physically active and develop skills such as persistence, negotiation, problem solving, planning and cooperation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 4 will participate in the following:

    • imaginative play
    • small group games
    • minor games
    • lead-up games.
  • demonstrating movement concepts and strategies to create scoring opportunities

    focuses on the development of movement skills, concepts and strategies through a variety of games and sports. This content builds on learning in active play and minor games and fundamental movement skills. Most games and sports can be classified into: invasion games, net and wall games, striking and fielding games and target games.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • modified games
    • traditional games or sports
    • culturally significant games and sports (such as traditional Indigenous games and games of significance from the Asia region)
    • non-traditional games and sports (including student-designed games).
  • exploring centre of gravity and stability as they perform balance activities
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

    focuses on the development of fundamental movement skills that provide the foundation for competent and confident participation in a range of physical activities such as games, sports, dance, gymnastics and physical recreation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 6 will have opportunities to practise and develop the following skills:

    Locomotor and non-locomotor skills:

    • rolling
    • balancing
    • sliding
    • jogging
    • running
    • leaping
    • jumping
    • hopping
    • dodging
    • galloping
    • skipping
    • floating and moving the body through water to safety.

    Object control skills:

    • bouncing
    • throwing
    • catching
    • kicking
    • striking.

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on learning through which students actively engage in play with people, objects and representations; indoors, outdoors, alone, with a partner or in a group. The content supports students to be physically active and develop skills such as persistence, negotiation, problem solving, planning and cooperation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 4 will participate in the following:

    • imaginative play
    • small group games
    • minor games
    • lead-up games.
  • participating in physical activities which require problem-solving to achieve a goal
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-management
    • Work independently and show initiative
    • Become confident, resilient and adaptable

    Social management
    • Work collaboratively

    Self-awareness
    • Develop reflective practice

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Reflecting on thinking and processes
    • Think about thinking (metacognition)
    • Reflect on processes
    • Transfer knowledge into new contexts

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action
    • Consider alternatives

    Analysing, synthesising and evaluating reasoning and procedures
    • Apply logic and reasoning

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    focuses on learning through which students actively engage in play with people, objects and representations; indoors, outdoors, alone, with a partner or in a group. The content supports students to be physically active and develop skills such as persistence, negotiation, problem solving, planning and cooperation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 4 will participate in the following:

    • imaginative play
    • small group games
    • minor games
    • lead-up games.
  • using different equipment to create an original game or movement challenge
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action
    • Consider alternatives
    • Imagine possibilities and connect ideas

    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-management
    • Work independently and show initiative

    focuses on learning through which students actively engage in play with people, objects and representations; indoors, outdoors, alone, with a partner or in a group. The content supports students to be physically active and develop skills such as persistence, negotiation, problem solving, planning and cooperation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 4 will participate in the following:

    • imaginative play
    • small group games
    • minor games
    • lead-up games.

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

Understanding movement

Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose texts
  • Use language to interact with others
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

Critical and Creative Thinking

Analysing, synthesising and evaluating reasoning and procedures
  • Apply logic and reasoning

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas
  • Organise and process information

Reflecting on thinking and processes
  • Reflect on processes

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

  • examining the benefits of regular physical activity, including the influence on sleep, concentration and fitness

    focuses on how participation in physical activity can enhance health-related fitness and wellbeing across the lifespan.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • individual and group fitness activities
    • active recreation activities.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • swimming
    • tai chi, yoga, Pilates
    • bushwalking
    • recreational cycling
    • resistance training.

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.

    addresses how mental health and wellbeing can be enhanced and strengthened at an individual and community level. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to manage their own mental health and wellbeing and to support that of others.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • mental health and wellbeing, and mental health promotion
    • destigmatising mental illness in the community
    • the impact of physical, social, spiritual and emotional health on wellbeing
    • body image and self-worth and their impact on mental health and wellbeing
    • resilience, and skills that support resilient behaviour
    • coping skills, help-seeking strategies and community support resources
    • networks of support for promoting mental health and wellbeing.
  • collecting, recording and organising information to investigate which physical activities people engage in to maintain health, wellbeing and fitness
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Analysing, synthesising and evaluating reasoning and procedures
    • Apply logic and reasoning

    Reflecting on thinking and processes
    • Reflect on processes

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Pose questions
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives
    • Contribute to civil society

    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
    • Use language to interact with others

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.
  • exploring physical activity and screen-usage time recommendations for children and proposing how they can meet these recommendations
    Literacy

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Consider alternatives
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Pose questions

    addresses the influence and impact regular physical activity participation has on individual and community health and wellbeing. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills to make active choices and to explore the range of influences on physical activity participation and choices.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • physical benefits of participating in physical activities (including impact on health-related and skill-related components of fitness)
    • benefits of physical activities based on intensity, nature and frequency
    • social, emotional and cognitive benefits of regular physical activity
    • social, cultural and environmental influences on physical activity participation
    • sedentary behaviours and their impact on health and wellbeing
    • strategies for minimising sedentary behaviour and including physical activity in daily routines.
Combine elements of effort, space, time, objects and people when performing movement sequences (ACPMP047 - Scootle )
Personal and Social Capability

Self-management
  • Work independently and show initiative
  • Become confident, resilient and adaptable

Self-awareness
  • Develop reflective practice

Numeracy

Using measurement
  • Estimate and measure with metric units

Recognising and using patterns and relationships
  • Recognise and use patterns and relationships

  • demonstrating acceleration and deceleration of movement in physical activities
    Numeracy

    Using spatial reasoning
    • Interpret maps and diagrams

    Recognising and using patterns and relationships
    • Recognise and use patterns and relationships

    Using measurement
    • Estimate and measure with metric units

    focuses on the development of fundamental movement skills that provide the foundation for competent and confident participation in a range of physical activities such as games, sports, dance, gymnastics and physical recreation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 6 will have opportunities to practise and develop the following skills:

    Locomotor and non-locomotor skills:

    • rolling
    • balancing
    • sliding
    • jogging
    • running
    • leaping
    • jumping
    • hopping
    • dodging
    • galloping
    • skipping
    • floating and moving the body through water to safety.

    Object control skills:

    • bouncing
    • throwing
    • catching
    • kicking
    • striking.

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on learning through which students actively engage in play with people, objects and representations; indoors, outdoors, alone, with a partner or in a group. The content supports students to be physically active and develop skills such as persistence, negotiation, problem solving, planning and cooperation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 4 will participate in the following:

    • imaginative play
    • small group games
    • minor games
    • lead-up games.
  • discussing and demonstrating different levels, movement pathways, and use of space and flow in movement sequences
    Numeracy

    Recognising and using patterns and relationships
    • Recognise and use patterns and relationships

    Using spatial reasoning
    • Visualise 2D shapes and 3D objects

    Using measurement
    • Estimate and measure with metric units

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.
  • using the body to demonstrate an understanding of symmetry, shapes and angles when performing movement skills, balances or movement sequences
    Numeracy

    Using measurement
    • Estimate and measure with metric units

    Recognising and using patterns and relationships
    • Recognise and use patterns and relationships

    Using spatial reasoning
    • Visualise 2D shapes and 3D objects

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Imagine possibilities and connect ideas

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on the development of fundamental movement skills that provide the foundation for competent and confident participation in a range of physical activities such as games, sports, dance, gymnastics and physical recreation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 6 will have opportunities to practise and develop the following skills:

    Locomotor and non-locomotor skills:

    • rolling
    • balancing
    • sliding
    • jogging
    • running
    • leaping
    • jumping
    • hopping
    • dodging
    • galloping
    • skipping
    • floating and moving the body through water to safety.

    Object control skills:

    • bouncing
    • throwing
    • catching
    • kicking
    • striking.
Participate in physical activities from their own and other cultures (ACPMP108 - Scootle )
Personal and Social Capability

Self-awareness
  • Recognise personal qualities and achievements
  • Understand themselves as learners

Self-management
  • Develop self-discipline and set goals
  • Work independently and show initiative

Social management
  • Communicate effectively

Intercultural Understanding

Reflecting on intercultural experiences and taking responsibility
  • Reflect on intercultural experiences

Recognising culture and developing respect
  • Explore and compare cultural knowledge, beliefs and practices
  • Develop respect for cultural diversity

  • participating in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander dances and dance routines from different cultures, such as Tinikling from the Philippines, Polynesian dance, Japanese parasol dance
    • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures
    • Asia and Australia’s Engagement with Asia
    Intercultural Understanding

    Recognising culture and developing respect
    • Explore and compare cultural knowledge, beliefs and practices

    Reflecting on intercultural experiences and taking responsibility
    • Reflect on intercultural experiences

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives

  • participating in children's games from other cultures such as Keentan 
    • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures
    Intercultural Understanding

    Reflecting on intercultural experiences and taking responsibility
    • Reflect on intercultural experiences

    Recognising culture and developing respect
    • Explore and compare cultural knowledge, beliefs and practices

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives

Learning through movement

Adopt inclusive practices when participating in physical activities (ACPMP048 - Scootle )
Personal and Social Capability

Self-awareness
  • Recognise personal qualities and achievements

Self-management
  • Express emotions appropriately

Social awareness
  • Understand relationships

Ethical Understanding

Understanding ethical concepts and issues
  • Recognise ethical concepts
  • Explore ethical concepts in context

  • using cooperative skills to complete a movement task, such as a partner balance, partner passing strategy or team strategy
    Personal and Social Capability

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively
    • Work collaboratively

    Social awareness
    • Understand relationships

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    focuses on learning through which students actively engage in play with people, objects and representations; indoors, outdoors, alone, with a partner or in a group. The content supports students to be physically active and develop skills such as persistence, negotiation, problem solving, planning and cooperation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 4 will participate in the following:

    • imaginative play
    • small group games
    • minor games
    • lead-up games.

    focuses on the development of fundamental movement skills that provide the foundation for competent and confident participation in a range of physical activities such as games, sports, dance, gymnastics and physical recreation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 6 will have opportunities to practise and develop the following skills:

    Locomotor and non-locomotor skills:

    • rolling
    • balancing
    • sliding
    • jogging
    • running
    • leaping
    • jumping
    • hopping
    • dodging
    • galloping
    • skipping
    • floating and moving the body through water to safety.

    Object control skills:

    • bouncing
    • throwing
    • catching
    • kicking
    • striking.

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).
  • working cooperatively with team members to maintain possession in a game by passing to other players and listening to teammates
    Personal and Social Capability

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively
    • Work collaboratively

    Social awareness
    • Understand relationships

    focuses on learning through which students actively engage in play with people, objects and representations; indoors, outdoors, alone, with a partner or in a group. The content supports students to be physically active and develop skills such as persistence, negotiation, problem solving, planning and cooperation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 4 will participate in the following:

    • imaginative play
    • small group games
    • minor games
    • lead-up games.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • modifying physical activities to ensure that everyone is included, such as changing equipment, rules or playing space
    Ethical Understanding

    Understanding ethical concepts and issues
    • Explore ethical concepts in context
    • Recognise ethical concepts

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social management
    • Work collaboratively

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on the development of fundamental movement skills that provide the foundation for competent and confident participation in a range of physical activities such as games, sports, dance, gymnastics and physical recreation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 6 will have opportunities to practise and develop the following skills:

    Locomotor and non-locomotor skills:

    • rolling
    • balancing
    • sliding
    • jogging
    • running
    • leaping
    • jumping
    • hopping
    • dodging
    • galloping
    • skipping
    • floating and moving the body through water to safety.

    Object control skills:

    • bouncing
    • throwing
    • catching
    • kicking
    • striking.

    focuses on learning through which students actively engage in play with people, objects and representations; indoors, outdoors, alone, with a partner or in a group. The content supports students to be physically active and develop skills such as persistence, negotiation, problem solving, planning and cooperation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 4 will participate in the following:

    • imaginative play
    • small group games
    • minor games
    • lead-up games.
Apply innovative and creative thinking in solving movement challenges (ACPMP049 - Scootle )
Critical and Creative Thinking

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Seek solutions and put ideas into action
  • Imagine possibilities and connect ideas

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas
  • Organise and process information

Literacy

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Use language to interact with others
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
  • Compose texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Personal and Social Capability

Self-management
  • Work independently and show initiative

Social management
  • Make decisions

  • transferring and applying skills to solve movement challenges
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Reflecting on thinking and processes
    • Transfer knowledge into new contexts

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-management
    • Work independently and show initiative

    Self-awareness
    • Understand themselves as learners

    Social management
    • Make decisions

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on learning through which students actively engage in play with people, objects and representations; indoors, outdoors, alone, with a partner or in a group. The content supports students to be physically active and develop skills such as persistence, negotiation, problem solving, planning and cooperation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 4 will participate in the following:

    • imaginative play
    • small group games
    • minor games
    • lead-up games.

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on the development of fundamental movement skills that provide the foundation for competent and confident participation in a range of physical activities such as games, sports, dance, gymnastics and physical recreation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 6 will have opportunities to practise and develop the following skills:

    Locomotor and non-locomotor skills:

    • rolling
    • balancing
    • sliding
    • jogging
    • running
    • leaping
    • jumping
    • hopping
    • dodging
    • galloping
    • skipping
    • floating and moving the body through water to safety.

    Object control skills:

    • bouncing
    • throwing
    • catching
    • kicking
    • striking.
  • testing alternative responses to movement challenges and predicting the success or effectiveness of each
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Consider alternatives
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

    focuses on the development of fundamental movement skills that provide the foundation for competent and confident participation in a range of physical activities such as games, sports, dance, gymnastics and physical recreation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 6 will have opportunities to practise and develop the following skills:

    Locomotor and non-locomotor skills:

    • rolling
    • balancing
    • sliding
    • jogging
    • running
    • leaping
    • jumping
    • hopping
    • dodging
    • galloping
    • skipping
    • floating and moving the body through water to safety.

    Object control skills:

    • bouncing
    • throwing
    • catching
    • kicking
    • striking.

    focuses on learning through which students actively engage in play with people, objects and representations; indoors, outdoors, alone, with a partner or in a group. The content supports students to be physically active and develop skills such as persistence, negotiation, problem solving, planning and cooperation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 4 will participate in the following:

    • imaginative play
    • small group games
    • minor games
    • lead-up games.

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.
  • posing questions to others as a strategy for solving movement challenges
    Personal and Social Capability

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively
    • Work collaboratively
    • Make decisions

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Imagine possibilities and connect ideas
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Pose questions
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on learning through which students actively engage in play with people, objects and representations; indoors, outdoors, alone, with a partner or in a group. The content supports students to be physically active and develop skills such as persistence, negotiation, problem solving, planning and cooperation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 4 will participate in the following:

    • imaginative play
    • small group games
    • minor games
    • lead-up games.

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on the development of fundamental movement skills that provide the foundation for competent and confident participation in a range of physical activities such as games, sports, dance, gymnastics and physical recreation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 6 will have opportunities to practise and develop the following skills:

    Locomotor and non-locomotor skills:

    • rolling
    • balancing
    • sliding
    • jogging
    • running
    • leaping
    • jumping
    • hopping
    • dodging
    • galloping
    • skipping
    • floating and moving the body through water to safety.

    Object control skills:

    • bouncing
    • throwing
    • catching
    • kicking
    • striking.
  • drawing on prior knowledge to solve movement challenges
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action
    • Consider alternatives

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

    Reflecting on thinking and processes
    • Transfer knowledge into new contexts

    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Understand themselves as learners
    • Recognise personal qualities and achievements
    • Develop reflective practice

    focuses on how movement can be composed and performed in response to stimuli such as equipment, beats and sounds, images, words or themes.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • creative movement
    • movement exploration
    • dance styles and dance elements.

    Schools could also offer the following activities if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • circus skills
    • rhythmic gymnastics
    • educational gymnastics
    • tai chi, yoga.

    focuses on learning through which students actively engage in play with people, objects and representations; indoors, outdoors, alone, with a partner or in a group. The content supports students to be physically active and develop skills such as persistence, negotiation, problem solving, planning and cooperation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 4 will participate in the following:

    • imaginative play
    • small group games
    • minor games
    • lead-up games.

    focuses on how individuals participate in a variety of physical activities designed to challenge individuals physiologically, behaviourally and socially in diverse contexts and environments. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understandings and skills to assess hazards and manage risks.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 5 to Year 10 will participate in the following:

    • initiative games
    • movement challenges (as individuals and in teams or groups)
    • recreational activities in natural and outdoor settings
    • navigational challenges.

    Schools could also offer the following activities within this focus area if they have access to specialised facilities and equipment and relevant teacher expertise:

    • bushwalking
    • camping
    • biathlon and triathlon
    • martial arts
    • rock climbing
    • canoeing and kayaking
    • cycling (mountain biking, BMX, road and track cycling)
    • surfing
    • skiing (snow or water)
    • swimming for performance (with a focus on technique).

    focuses on the development of fundamental movement skills that provide the foundation for competent and confident participation in a range of physical activities such as games, sports, dance, gymnastics and physical recreation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 6 will have opportunities to practise and develop the following skills:

    Locomotor and non-locomotor skills:

    • rolling
    • balancing
    • sliding
    • jogging
    • running
    • leaping
    • jumping
    • hopping
    • dodging
    • galloping
    • skipping
    • floating and moving the body through water to safety.

    Object control skills:

    • bouncing
    • throwing
    • catching
    • kicking
    • striking.
Apply basic rules and scoring systems, and demonstrate fair play when participating in physical activities (ACPMP050 - Scootle )
Personal and Social Capability

Self-management
  • Become confident, resilient and adaptable
  • Develop self-discipline and set goals

Social management
  • Make decisions

Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
  • Compose texts
  • Use language to interact with others

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Ethical Understanding

Understanding ethical concepts and issues
  • Explore ethical concepts in context

  • collaborating to decide rules for a new game
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively
    • Make decisions
    • Work collaboratively

    Social awareness
    • Understand relationships

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Pose questions
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    focuses on learning through which students actively engage in play with people, objects and representations; indoors, outdoors, alone, with a partner or in a group. The content supports students to be physically active and develop skills such as persistence, negotiation, problem solving, planning and cooperation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 4 will participate in the following:

    • imaginative play
    • small group games
    • minor games
    • lead-up games.

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.
  • contributing to fair decision making in physical activities by applying the rules appropriately
    Ethical Understanding

    Understanding ethical concepts and issues
    • Explore ethical concepts in context

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social management
    • Make decisions

    Self-management
    • Become confident, resilient and adaptable
    • Develop self-discipline and set goals

    focuses on learning through which students actively engage in play with people, objects and representations; indoors, outdoors, alone, with a partner or in a group. The content supports students to be physically active and develop skills such as persistence, negotiation, problem solving, planning and cooperation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 4 will participate in the following:

    • imaginative play
    • small group games
    • minor games
    • lead-up games.
  • recognising unfairness and exclusion in a game situation, and proposing strategies to overcome these issues
    Ethical Understanding

    Understanding ethical concepts and issues
    • Recognise ethical concepts
    • Explore ethical concepts in context

    Reasoning in decision making and actions
    • Reason and make ethical decisions

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Consider alternatives

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    focuses on learning through which students actively engage in play with people, objects and representations; indoors, outdoors, alone, with a partner or in a group. The content supports students to be physically active and develop skills such as persistence, negotiation, problem solving, planning and cooperation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 4 will participate in the following:

    • imaginative play
    • small group games
    • minor games
    • lead-up games.
  • recognising consequences of personal and team actions in group activities
    Ethical Understanding

    Understanding ethical concepts and issues
    • Explore ethical concepts in context
    • Recognise ethical concepts

    Reasoning in decision making and actions
    • Consider consequences

    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Develop reflective practice
    • Recognise personal qualities and achievements

    Social management
    • Make decisions
    • Work collaboratively

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives

    addresses physical, social and emotional changes that occur over time and the significant role relationships and sexuality play in these changes. The content supports students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that will help them to establish and manage respectful relationships. It also supports them to develop positive practices in relation to their reproductive and sexual health and the development of their identities. In doing so, students will gain an understanding of the factors that influence gender and sexual identities.

    During Foundation to Year 2, students will learn about:

    • parts of the body and how the body changes as they grow
    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Year 3 to Year 10 will learn about the following:

    • people who are important to them
    • strategies for relating to and interacting with others
    • assertive behaviour and standing up for themselves
    • establishing and managing changing relationships (offline and online)
    • bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence (including discrimination based on race, gender and sexuality)
    • strategies for dealing with relationships when there is an imbalance of power (including seeking help or leaving the relationship)
    • puberty and how the body changes over time
    • managing the physical, social and emotional changes that occur during puberty
    • reproduction and sexual health
    • practices that support reproductive and sexual health (contraception, negotiating consent, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and blood-borne viruses)
    • changing identities and the factors that influence them (including personal, cultural, gender and sexual identities)
    • celebrating and respecting difference and diversity in individuals and communities.

    focuses on learning through which students actively engage in play with people, objects and representations; indoors, outdoors, alone, with a partner or in a group. The content supports students to be physically active and develop skills such as persistence, negotiation, problem solving, planning and cooperation.

    It is expected that all students at appropriate intervals across the continuum of learning from Foundation to Year 4 will participate in the following:

    • imaginative play
    • small group games
    • minor games
    • lead-up games.
  • talking about where and when they have witnessed fairness and inclusion in a game situation
    Ethical Understanding

    Reasoning in decision making and actions
    • Reflect on ethical action

    Understanding ethical concepts and issues
    • Recognise ethical concepts

    Exploring values, rights and responsibilities
    • Consider points of view
    • Examine values

    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Develop reflective practice

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively


Years 3 and 4 Achievement Standards

By the end of Year 4, students recognise strategies for managing change. They identify influences that strengthen identities. They investigate how emotional responses vary and understand how to interact positively with others in a variety of situations. Students interpret health messages and discuss the influences on healthy and safe choices. They understand the benefits of being healthy and physically active. They describe the connections they have to their community and identify local resources to support their health, wellbeing, safety and physical activity.

Students apply strategies for working cooperatively and apply rules fairly. They use decision-making and problem-solving skills to select and demonstrate strategies that help them stay safe, healthy and active. They refine fundamental movement skills and apply movement concepts and strategies in a variety of physical activities and to solve movement challenges. They create and perform movement sequences using fundamental movement skills and the elements of movement.


Years 3 and 4 Work Sample Portfolios