# Learning Continuum of Numeracy (Version 8.4)

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This element involves students using numbers for different purposes.

Students apply skills in estimating and calculating with whole numbers to solve and model everyday problems in a wide range of authentic contexts using efficient mental, written and digital strategies. They identify situations where money is used and apply their knowledge of the value of money to purchasing, budgeting and justifying the use of money. In developing and acting with numeracy, students:

• understand and use numbers in context
• estimate and calculate
• use money.

## Level 3

Typically by the end of Year 4, students:

### Understand and use numbers in context

model, represent, order and use numbers up to five digits

### Estimate and calculate

estimate a solution to a problem and then check the solution by recalling addition, subtraction, multiplication and division facts

### Use money

estimate the change from simple purchases

## Level 4

Typically by the end of Year 6, students:

### Understand and use numbers in context

identify, describe and use numbers larger than one million

### Estimate and calculate

solve problems and check calculations using efficient mental and written strategies

### Use money

create simple financial plans, budgets and cost predictions

## Level 5

Typically by the end of Year 8, students:

### Understand and use numbers in context

compare, order and use positive and negative numbers to solve everyday problems

### Estimate and calculate

solve complex problems by estimating and calculating using efficient mental, written and digital strategies

### Use money

identify and justify ‘best value for money’ decisions