Learning Continuum of Ethical Understanding

This element involves students developing an understanding of ethical concepts and issues.

Students learn to recognise ethical concepts and explore ethical issues in context. They identify, examine and give examples of ethical concepts. They discuss, analyse and explore dimensions of ethical concepts in context. In developing and acting with ethical understanding, students:

  • recognise ethical concepts
  • explore ethical concepts in context.

Level 5

Typically by the end of Year 8, students:

Recognise ethical concepts

analyse behaviours that exemplify the dimensions and challenges of ethical concepts

Explore ethical concepts in context

analyse the ethical dimensions of beliefs and the need for action in a range of settings

Level 6

Typically by the end of Year 10, students:

Recognise ethical concepts

critique generalised statements about ethical concepts

Explore ethical concepts in context

distinguish between the ethical and non-ethical dimensions of complex issues

This element involves students reasoning when making decisions and acting ethically.

Students consider the consequences of and reflect on ethical action. They analyse the reasoning behind stances when making ethical decisions and evaluate the intended and unintended consequences of actions in an increasing range of scenarios. Students articulate understandings of a range of ethical responses in social contexts. In developing and acting with ethical understanding, students:

  • reason and make ethical decisions
  • consider consequences
  • reflect on ethical action.

Level 5

Typically by the end of Year 8, students:

Reason and make ethical decisions

analyse inconsistencies in personal reasoning and societal ethical decision making

Consider consequences

investigate scenarios that highlight ways that personal dispositions and actions can affect consequences

Reflect on ethical action

analyse perceptions of occurrences and possible ethical response in challenging scenarios

Level 6

Typically by the end of Year 10, students:

Reason and make ethical decisions

investigate reasons for clashes of beliefs in issues of personal, social and global importance

Consider consequences

analyse the objectivity or subjectivity behind decision making where there are many possible consequences

Reflect on ethical action

evaluate diverse perceptions and ethical bases of action in complex contexts

This element involves students identifying and examining values and exploring rights and responsibilities of individuals and groups in a range of contexts and practices.

Students use instances of expressed values to explain social interactions and to determine rights and responsibilities in social and legal domains. They recognise and interpret points of view in ethical contexts. In developing and acting with ethical understanding, students:

  • examine values
  • explore rights and responsibilities
  • consider points of view.

Level 5

Typically by the end of Year 8, students:

Examine values

assess the relevance of beliefs and the role and application of values in social practices

Explore rights and responsibilities

analyse rights and responsibilities in relation to the duties of a responsible citizen

Consider points of view

draw conclusions from a range of points of view associated with challenging ethical dilemmas

Level 6

Typically by the end of Year 10, students:

Examine values

analyse and explain the interplay of values in national and international forums and policy making

Explore rights and responsibilities

evaluate the merits of conflicting rights and responsibilities in global contexts

Consider points of view

use reasoning skills to prioritise the relative merits of points of view about complex ethical dilemmas