Learning Continuum of Critical and Creative Thinking

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This element involves students creating ideas and actions, and considering and expanding on known actions and ideas.

Students imagine possibilities and connect ideas through considering alternatives, seeking solutions and putting ideas into action. They explore situations and generate alternatives to guide actions and experiment with and assess options and actions when seeking solutions. In developing and acting with critical and creative thinking, students:

  • imagine possibilities and connect ideas
  • consider alternatives
  • seek solutions and put ideas into action.

Level 1

Typically by the end of Foundation Year, students:

Imagine possibilities and connect ideas

use imagination to view or create things in new ways and connect two things that seem different

Consider alternatives

suggest alternative and creative ways to approach a given situation or task

Seek solutions and put ideas into action

predict what might happen in a given situation and when putting ideas into action

Level 2

Typically by the end of Year 2, students:

Imagine possibilities and connect ideas

build on what they know to create ideas and possibilities in ways that are new to them

Consider alternatives

identify and compare creative ideas to think broadly about a given situation or problem

Seek solutions and put ideas into action

investigate options and predict possible outcomes when putting ideas into action

Level 3

Typically by the end of Year 4, students:

Imagine possibilities and connect ideas

expand on known ideas to create new and imaginative combinations

Consider alternatives

explore situations using creative thinking strategies to propose a range of alternatives

Seek solutions and put ideas into action

experiment with a range of options when seeking solutions and putting ideas into action

This element involves students reflecting on, adjusting and explaining their thinking and identifying the thinking behind choices, strategies and actions taken.

Students think about thinking (metacognition), reflect on actions and processes, and transfer knowledge into new contexts to create alternatives or open up possibilities. They apply knowledge gained in one context to clarify another. In developing and acting with critical and creative thinking, students:

  • think about thinking (metacognition)
  • reflect on processes
  • transfer knowledge into new contexts.

Level 1

Typically by the end of Foundation Year, students:

Think about thinking (metacognition)

describe what they are thinking and give reasons why

Reflect on processes

identify the main elements of the steps in a thinking process

Transfer knowledge into new contexts

connect information from one setting to another

Level 2

Typically by the end of Year 2, students:

Think about thinking (metacognition)

describe the thinking strategies used in given situations and tasks

Reflect on processes

outline the details and sequence in a whole task and separate it into workable parts

Transfer knowledge into new contexts

use information from a previous experience to inform a new idea

Level 3

Typically by the end of Year 4, students:

Think about thinking (metacognition)

reflect on, explain and check the processes used to come to conclusions

Reflect on processes

identify pertinent information in an investigation and separate into smaller parts or ideas

Transfer knowledge into new contexts

transfer and apply information in one setting to enrich another

This element involves students analysing, synthesising and evaluating the reasoning and procedures used to find solutions, evaluate and justify results or inform courses of action.

Students identify, consider and assess the logic and reasoning behind choices. They differentiate components of decisions made and actions taken and assess ideas, methods and outcomes against criteria. In developing and acting with critical and creative thinking, students:

  • apply logic and reasoning
  • draw conclusions and design a course of action
  • evaluate procedures and outcomes.

Level 1

Typically by the end of Foundation Year, students:

Apply logic and reasoning

identify the thinking used to solve problems in given situations

Draw conclusions and design a course of action

share their thinking about possible courses of action

Evaluate procedures and outcomes

check whether they are satisfied with the outcome of tasks or actions

Level 2

Typically by the end of Year 2, students:

Apply logic and reasoning

identify reasoning used in choices or actions in specific situations

Draw conclusions and design a course of action

identify alternative courses of action or possible conclusions when presented with new information

Evaluate procedures and outcomes

evaluate whether they have accomplished what they set out to achieve

Level 3

Typically by the end of Year 4, students:

Apply logic and reasoning

identify and apply appropriate reasoning and thinking strategies for particular outcomes

Draw conclusions and design a course of action

draw on prior knowledge and use evidence when choosing a course of action or drawing a conclusion

Evaluate procedures and outcomes

explain and justify ideas and outcomes