English

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Rationale

The study of English is central to the learning and development of all young Australians. It helps create confident communicators, imaginative thinkers and informed citizens. It is through the study of English that individuals learn to analyse, understand, communicate and build relationships with others and with the world around them.

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Aims

The Australian Curriculum: English aims to ensure that students:

learn to listen to, read, view, speak, write, create and reflect on increasingly complex and sophisticated spoken, written and multimodal texts across a growing range of contexts with accuracy, fluency and purpose.

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Key ideas

Texts

Texts provide the means for communication. They can be written, spoken, visual, multimodal, and in print or digital/online forms. Multimodal texts combine language with other means of communication such as visual images, soundtrack or spoken words, as in film or computer presentation media.

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Structure

Strands, sub-strands and threads
The Australian Curriculum: English Foundation to Year 10 is organised into three interrelated strands that support students' growing understanding and use of Standard Australian English (English). Each strand interacts with and enriches the other strands in creative and flexible ways, the fabric of the curriculum being strengthened by the threads within each sub-strand.

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PDF documents

Resources and support materials for the Australian Curriculum: English are available as PDF documents. 
English: Sequence of content
English: Sequence of achievement 

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Glossary

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Year 1

Year 1 Level Description

The English curriculum is built around the three interrelated strands of language, literature and literacy. Teaching and learning programs should balance and integrate all three strands. Together, the strands focus on developing students’ knowledge, understanding and skills in listening, reading, viewing, speaking, writing and creating. Learning in English builds on concepts, skills and processes developed in earlier years, and teachers will revisit and strengthen these as needed.

In Year 1, students communicate with peers, teachers, known adults and students from other classes.

Students engage with a variety of texts for enjoyment. They listen to, read, view and interpret spoken, written and multimodal texts designed to entertain and inform. These encompass traditional oral texts including Aboriginal stories, picture books, various types of stories, rhyming verse, poetry, non-fiction, film, dramatic performances and texts used by students as models for constructing their own texts.

The range of literary texts for Foundation to Year 10 comprises Australian literature, including the oral narrative traditions of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples, as well as the contemporary literature of these two cultural groups, and classic and contemporary world literature, including texts from and about Asia. Literary texts that support and extend Year 1 students as independent readers involve straightforward sequences of events and everyday happenings with recognisably realistic or imaginary characters. Informative texts present a small amount of new content about familiar topics of interest and topics being studied in other areas of the curriculum. These include decodable and predictable texts which present a small range of language features, including simple and compound sentences, some unfamiliar vocabulary, a small number of high-frequency words and words that need to be decoded phonically, as well as illustrations and diagrams that support the printed text.

Students create a variety of imaginative, informative and persuasive texts including recounts, procedures, performances, literary retellings and poetry.


Year 1 Content Descriptions

Language variation and change

Understand that people use different systems of communication to cater to different needs and purposes and that many people may use sign systems to communicate with others (ACELA1443 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Personal and Social Capability

Social awareness
  • Appreciate diverse perspectives

Intercultural Understanding

Interacting and empathising with others
  • Communicate across cultures

Recognising culture and developing respect
  • Investigate culture and cultural identity

Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Visual Knowledge
  • Understand how visual elements create meaning

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Language for interaction

Understand that language is used in combination with other means of communication, for example facial expressions and gestures to interact with others (ACELA1444 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
Literacy

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Use language to interact with others
  • Compose texts
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Intercultural Understanding

Interacting and empathising with others
  • Communicate across cultures

Personal and Social Capability

Social management
  • Communicate effectively

Self-awareness
  • Recognise emotions

Understand that there are different ways of asking for information, making offers and giving commands (ACELA1446 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
  • Use language to interact with others
  • Compose texts

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text structures

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Grammar knowledge
  • Express opinion and point of view

Personal and Social Capability

Self-awareness
  • Recognise emotions

Explore different ways of expressing emotions, including verbal, visual, body language and facial expressions (ACELA1787 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Personal and Social Capability

Self-management
  • Express emotions appropriately

Social management
  • Communicate effectively

Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
  • Compose texts
  • Use language to interact with others

Visual Knowledge
  • Understand how visual elements create meaning

Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Ethical Understanding

Exploring values, rights and responsibilities
  • Consider points of view

Text structure and organisation

Understand that the purposes texts serve shape their structure in predictable ways (ACELA1447 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text structures

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Understand patterns of repetition and contrast in simple texts (ACELA1448 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of sentence structures
  • Use knowledge of words and word groups

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text cohesion
  • Use knowledge of text structures

Recognise that different types of punctuation, including full stops, question marks and exclamation marks, signal sentences that make statements, ask questions, express emotion or give commands (ACELA1449 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of sentence structures

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Understand concepts about print and screen, including how different types of texts are organised using page numbering, tables of content, headings and titles, navigation buttons, bars and links (ACELA1450 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Reading
Literacy

Visual Knowledge
  • Understand how visual elements create meaning

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text structures

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Numeracy

Estimating and calculating with whole numbers
  • Understand and use numbers in context

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability

Communicating with ICT
  • Understand computer mediated communications

Expressing and developing ideas

Identify the parts of a simple sentence that represent ‘What’s happening?’, ‘What state is being described?’, ‘Who or what is involved?’ and the surrounding circumstances (ACELA1451 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Reading
Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Pose questions
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Literacy

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of words and word groups
  • Use knowledge of sentence structures

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Explore differences in words that represent people, places and things (nouns, including pronouns), happenings and states (verbs), qualities (adjectives) and details such as when, where and how (adverbs) (ACELA1452 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of words and word groups

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Critical and Creative Thinking

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Consider alternatives

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Compare different kinds of images in narrative and informative texts and discuss how they contribute to meaning (ACELA1453 - Scootle )
  • Speaking
Literacy

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose texts
  • Use language to interact with others

Visual Knowledge
  • Understand how visual elements create meaning

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

Critical and Creative Thinking

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Consider alternatives

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Understand the use of vocabulary in everyday contexts as well as a growing number of school contexts, including appropriate use of formal and informal terms of address in different contexts (ACELA1454 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Personal and Social Capability

Self-management
  • Express emotions appropriately

Social awareness
  • Appreciate diverse perspectives

Social management
  • Communicate effectively

Phonics and word knowledge

Manipulate phonemes in spoken words by addition, deletion and substitution of initial, medial and final phonemes to generate new words (ACELA1457 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Word Knowledge
  • Use spelling knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Use short vowels, common long vowels, consonant digraphs and consonant blends when writing, and blend these to read single syllable words (ACELA1458 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Use spelling knowledge

Understand that a letter can represent more than one sound and that a syllable must contain a vowel sound (ACELA1459 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Use spelling knowledge

Understand how to spell one and two syllable words with common letter patterns (ACELA1778 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Speaking
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary
  • Use spelling knowledge

Recognise and know how to use simple grammatical morphemes to create word families (ACELA1455 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Reading
Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary
  • Use spelling knowledge

  • Reading
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary
  • Use spelling knowledge

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
  • Compose texts

Segment consonant blends or clusters into separate phonemes at the beginnings and ends of one syllable words (ACELA1822 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary
  • Use spelling knowledge

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose texts
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

Literature and context

Discuss how authors create characters using language and images (ACELT1581 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose texts
  • Use language to interact with others

Visual Knowledge
  • Understand how visual elements create meaning

Responding to literature

Discuss characters and events in a range of literary texts and share personal responses to these texts, making connections with students' own experiences (ACELT1582 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose texts
  • Use language to interact with others

Grammar knowledge
  • Express opinion and point of view

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Critical and Creative Thinking

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Consider alternatives

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Organise and process information
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Personal and Social Capability

Self-awareness
  • Recognise personal qualities and achievements
  • Develop reflective practice

Social management
  • Communicate effectively

Express preferences for specific texts and authors and listen to the opinions of others (ACELT1583 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Personal and Social Capability

Social awareness
  • Appreciate diverse perspectives

Self-awareness
  • Recognise personal qualities and achievements

Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts

Grammar knowledge
  • Express opinion and point of view

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text structures

Critical and Creative Thinking

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Consider alternatives

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Examining literature

Discuss features of plot, character and setting in different types of literature and explore some features of characters in different texts (ACELT1584 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Use language to interact with others
  • Compose texts

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text structures

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Personal and Social Capability

Social awareness
  • Appreciate diverse perspectives

Critical and Creative Thinking

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Consider alternatives

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Listen to, recite and perform poems, chants, rhymes and songs, imitating and inventing sound patterns including alliteration and rhyme (ACELT1585 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
Critical and Creative Thinking

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Consider alternatives

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas
  • Organise and process information

Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
  • Deliver presentations
  • Compose texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Creating literature

Recreate texts imaginatively using drawing, writing, performance and digital forms of communication (ACELT1586 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Deliver presentations
  • Compose texts
  • Use language to interact with others
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text structures

Visual Knowledge
  • Understand how visual elements create meaning

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability

Communicating with ICT
  • Understand computer mediated communications
  • Collaborate, share and exchange

Creating with ICT
  • Generate solutions to challenges and learning area tasks

Critical and Creative Thinking

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Imagine possibilities and connect ideas
  • Seek solutions and put ideas into action
  • Consider alternatives

Reflecting on thinking and processes
  • Transfer knowledge into new contexts

Innovate on familiar texts by using similar characters, repetitive patterns or vocabulary (ACELT1832 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text structures

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of words and word groups
  • Use knowledge of sentence structures

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose texts
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

Critical and Creative Thinking

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Consider alternatives

Reflecting on thinking and processes
  • Transfer knowledge into new contexts

Texts in context

Respond to texts drawn from a range of cultures and experiences (ACELY1655 - Scootle )
  • Writing
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Intercultural Understanding

Recognising culture and developing respect
  • Explore and compare cultural knowledge, beliefs and practices

Reflecting on intercultural experiences and taking responsibility
  • Reflect on intercultural experiences

Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Personal and Social Capability

Social awareness
  • Appreciate diverse perspectives

Interacting with others

Engage in conversations and discussions, using active listening behaviours, showing interest, and contributing ideas, information and questions (ACELY1656 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Use language to interact with others
  • Compose texts

Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Pose questions
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Consider alternatives

Personal and Social Capability

Social management
  • Work collaboratively
  • Communicate effectively

Self-management
  • Become confident, resilient and adaptable
  • Express emotions appropriately

Use interaction skills including turn-taking, recognising the contributions of others, speaking clearly and using appropriate volume and pace (ACELY1788 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Use language to interact with others
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
  • Compose texts

Personal and Social Capability

Social management
  • Work collaboratively
  • Communicate effectively

Self-management
  • Develop self-discipline and set goals

Social awareness
  • Appreciate diverse perspectives

Make short presentations using some introduced text structures and language, for example opening statements (ACELY1657 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Deliver presentations
  • Compose texts
  • Use language to interact with others

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text structures

Personal and Social Capability

Social management
  • Communicate effectively

Self-management
  • Become confident, resilient and adaptable

Interpreting, analysing, evaluating

Describe some differences between imaginative informative and persuasive texts (ACELY1658 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text structures

Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Consider alternatives

Read decodable and predictable texts using developing phrasing, fluency, contextual, semantic, grammatical and phonic knowledge and emerging text processing strategies, for example prediction, monitoring meaning and re-reading (ACELY1659 - Scootle )
  • Reading
Literacy

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of sentence structures

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary
  • Use spelling knowledge

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text structures

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

Use comprehension strategies to build literal and inferred meaning about key events, ideas and information in texts that they listen to, view and read by drawing on growing knowledge of context, text structures and language features (ACELY1660 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text cohesion
  • Use knowledge of text structures

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of words and word groups
  • Use knowledge of sentence structures

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Visual Knowledge
  • Understand how visual elements create meaning

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Organise and process information
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

Creating texts

Create short imaginative and informative texts that show emerging use of appropriate text structure, sentence-level grammar, word choice, spelling, punctuation and appropriate multimodal elements, for example illustrations and diagrams (ACELY1661 - Scootle )
  • Writing
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability

Managing and operating ICT
  • Select and use hardware and software

Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary
  • Use spelling knowledge

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text cohesion
  • Use knowledge of text structures

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of sentence structures
  • Use knowledge of words and word groups

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
  • Compose texts

Visual Knowledge
  • Understand how visual elements create meaning

Critical and Creative Thinking

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Consider alternatives
  • Seek solutions and put ideas into action
  • Imagine possibilities and connect ideas

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas
  • Organise and process information

Re-read student’s own texts and discuss possible changes to improve meaning, spelling and punctuation (ACELY1662 - Scootle )
  • Reading
Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Use spelling knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
  • Compose texts
  • Use language to interact with others

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas
  • Organise and process information

Personal and Social Capability

Social management
  • Communicate effectively
  • Work collaboratively

Write using unjoined lower case and upper case letters (ACELY1663 - Scootle )
  • Writing
Literacy

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose texts
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

Construct texts that incorporate supporting images using software including word processing programs (ACELY1664 - Scootle )
  • Writing
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability

Communicating with ICT
  • Collaborate, share and exchange

Creating with ICT
  • Generate solutions to challenges and learning area tasks

Managing and operating ICT
  • Select and use hardware and software

Investigating with ICT
  • Locate, generate and access data and information

Critical and Creative Thinking

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Organise and process information
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Literacy

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose texts
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

Visual Knowledge
  • Understand how visual elements create meaning

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text structures
  • Use knowledge of text cohesion

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of sentence structures
  • Use knowledge of words and word groups

Word Knowledge
  • Use spelling knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary


Year 1 Achievement Standards

Receptive modes (listening, reading and viewing)

By the end of Year 1, students understand the different purposes of texts. They make connections to personal experience when explaining characters and main events in short texts. They identify that texts serve different purposes and that this affects how they are organised. They describe characters, settings and events in different types of literature.

Students read aloud, with developing fluency. They read short texts with some unfamiliar vocabulary, simple and compound sentences and supportive images. When reading, they use knowledge of the relationship between sounds and letters, high-frequency words, sentence boundary punctuation and directionality to make meaning. They recall key ideas and recognise literal and implied meaning in texts. They listen to others when taking part in conversations, using appropriate language features and interaction skills.

Productive modes (speaking, writing and creating)

Students understand how characters in texts are developed and give reasons for personal preferences. They create texts that show understanding of the connection between writing, speech and images.

They create short texts for a small range of purposes. They interact in pair, group and class discussions, taking turns when responding. They make short presentations on familiar topics. When writing, students provide details about ideas or events, and details about the participants in those events. They accurately spell high-frequency words and words with regular spelling patterns. They use capital letters and full stops and form all upper- and lower-case letters correctly.


Year 1 Work Sample Portfolios