English

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Rationale

The study of English is central to the learning and development of all young Australians. It helps create confident communicators, imaginative thinkers and informed citizens. It is through the study of English that individuals learn to analyse, understand, communicate and build relationships with others and with the world around them.

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Aims

The Australian Curriculum: English aims to ensure that students:

learn to listen to, read, view, speak, write, create and reflect on increasingly complex and sophisticated spoken, written and multimodal texts across a growing range of contexts with accuracy, fluency and purpose.

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Key ideas

Texts

Texts provide the means for communication. They can be written, spoken, visual, multimodal, and in print or digital/online forms. Multimodal texts combine language with other means of communication such as visual images, soundtrack or spoken words, as in film or computer presentation media.

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Structure

Strands, sub-strands and threads
The Australian Curriculum: English Foundation to Year 10 is organised into three interrelated strands that support students' growing understanding and use of Standard Australian English (English). Each strand interacts with and enriches the other strands in creative and flexible ways, the fabric of the curriculum being strengthened by the threads within each sub-strand.

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PDF documents

Resources and support materials for the Australian Curriculum: English are available as PDF documents. 
English: Sequence of content
English: Sequence of achievement 

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Glossary

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Foundation Year

Foundation Year Level Description

The English curriculum is built around the three interrelated strands of language, literature and literacy. Teaching and learning programs should balance and integrate all three strands. Together, the three strands focus on developing students’ knowledge, understanding and skills in listening, reading, viewing, speaking, writing and creating. Learning in English builds on concepts, skills and processes developed in earlier years, and teachers will develop and strengthen these as needed.

In the Foundation year, students communicate with peers, teachers, known adults and students from other classes.

Students engage with a variety of texts for enjoyment. They listen to, read and view spoken, written and multimodal texts in which the primary purpose is to entertain, as well as some texts designed to inform. These include traditional oral texts, picture books, various types of stories, rhyming verse, poetry, non-fiction, film, multimodal texts and dramatic performances. They participate in shared reading, viewing and storytelling using a range of literary texts, and recognise the entertaining nature of literature.

The range of literary texts for Foundation to Year 10 comprises Australian literature, including the oral narrative traditions of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples, as well as the contemporary literature of these two cultural groups, and classic and contemporary world literature, including texts from and about Asia. Literary texts that support and extend Foundation students as beginner readers include decodable and predictable texts that range from caption books to books with one or more sentences per page. These texts involve straightforward sequences of events and everyday happenings with recognisable, realistic or imaginary characters. Informative texts present a small amount of new content about familiar topics of interest; a small range of language features, including simple and compound sentences; mostly familiar vocabulary, known, high-frequency words and single-syllable words that can be decoded phonically, and illustrations that strongly support the printed text.

Students create a range of imaginative, informative and persuasive texts including pictorial representations, short statements, performances, recounts and poetry.


Foundation Year Content Descriptions

Language variation and change

Understand that English is one of many languages spoken in Australia and that different languages may be spoken by family, classmates and community (ACELA1426 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
Intercultural Understanding

Recognising culture and developing respect
  • Develop respect for cultural diversity
  • Investigate culture and cultural identity

Interacting and empathising with others
  • Communicate across cultures

Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

Language for interaction

Explore how language is used differently at home and school depending on the relationships between people (ACELA1428 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
Personal and Social Capability

Social management
  • Communicate effectively

Social awareness
  • Understand relationships

Self-management
  • Express emotions appropriately

Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Use language to interact with others

Intercultural Understanding

Recognising culture and developing respect
  • Investigate culture and cultural identity

Understand that language can be used to explore ways of expressing needs, likes and dislikes (ACELA1429 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose texts
  • Use language to interact with others
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Grammar knowledge
  • Express opinion and point of view

Personal and Social Capability

Self-awareness
  • Recognise emotions
  • Recognise personal qualities and achievements

Self-management
  • Express emotions appropriately

Ethical Understanding

Reasoning in decision making and actions
  • Reflect on ethical action

Text structure and organisation

Understand that texts can take many forms, can be very short (for example an exit sign) or quite long (for example an information book or a film) and that stories and informative texts have different purposes (ACELA1430 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text structures

Understand that some language in written texts is unlike everyday spoken language (ACELA1431 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text cohesion
  • Use knowledge of text structures

Understand that punctuation is a feature of written text different from letters; recognise how capital letters are used for names, and that capital letters and full stops signal the beginning and end of sentences (ACELA1432 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Reading
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of sentence structures
  • Use knowledge of words and word groups

Understand concepts about print and screen, including how books, film and simple digital texts work, and know some features of print, for example directionality (ACELA1433 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Reading
Literacy

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text structures

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Visual Knowledge
  • Understand how visual elements create meaning

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability

Investigating with ICT
  • Select and evaluate data and information

Communicating with ICT
  • Understand computer mediated communications

Expressing and developing ideas

Recognise that sentences are key units for expressing ideas (ACELA1435 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of sentence structures

Recognise that texts are made up of words and groups of words that make meaning (ACELA1434 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of words and word groups

Explore the different contribution of words and images to meaning in stories and informative texts (ACELA1786 - Scootle )
  • Reading
Critical and Creative Thinking

Analysing, synthesising and evaluating reasoning and procedures
  • Apply logic and reasoning

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Consider alternatives

Literacy

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of words and word groups

Visual Knowledge
  • Understand how visual elements create meaning

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Understand the use of vocabulary in familiar contexts related to everyday experiences, personal interests and topics taught at school (ACELA1437 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Personal and Social Capability

Self-awareness
  • Recognise personal qualities and achievements

Social management
  • Communicate effectively

Self-management
  • Express emotions appropriately

Phonics and word knowledge

Recognise and generate rhyming words, alliteration patterns, syllables and sounds (phonemes) in spoken words (ACELA1439 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary
  • Use spelling knowledge

Recognise and name all upper and lower case letters (graphemes) and know the most common sound that each letter represents (ACELA1440 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Reading
Literacy

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of sentence structures
  • Use knowledge of words and word groups

Word Knowledge
  • Use spelling knowledge

Understand how to use knowledge of letters and sounds including onset and rime to spell words (ACELA1438 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Reading
Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Use spelling knowledge

Know how to read and write some high-frequency words and other familiar words (ACELA1817 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Reading
Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Use spelling knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
  • Compose texts

Understand that words are units of meaning and can be made of more than one meaningful part (ACELA1818 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of words and word groups

Segment sentences into individual words and orally blend and segment onset and rime in single syllable spoken words, and isolate, blend and manipulate phonemes in single syllable words (ACELA1819 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
Literacy

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose texts
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of sentence structures

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Write consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) words by representing some sounds with the appropriate letters, and blend sounds associated with letters when reading CVC words (ACELA1820 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary
  • Use spelling knowledge

Literature and context

Recognise that texts are created by authors who tell stories and share experiences that may be similar or different to students’ own experiences (ACELT1575 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
Personal and Social Capability

Self-awareness
  • Recognise personal qualities and achievements
  • Understand themselves as learners

Social awareness
  • Appreciate diverse perspectives

Ethical Understanding

Exploring values, rights and responsibilities
  • Consider points of view

Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

Responding to literature

Respond to texts, identifying favourite stories, authors and illustrators (ACELT1577 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
Literacy

Visual Knowledge
  • Understand how visual elements create meaning

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Personal and Social Capability

Self-awareness
  • Recognise personal qualities and achievements
  • Develop reflective practice

Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Share feelings and thoughts about the events and characters in texts (ACELT1783 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Use language to interact with others
  • Compose texts

Grammar knowledge
  • Express opinion and point of view

Personal and Social Capability

Self-awareness
  • Recognise personal qualities and achievements
  • Understand themselves as learners

Social management
  • Negotiate and resolve conflict
  • Communicate effectively

Examining literature

Identify some features of texts including events and characters and retell events from a text (ACELT1578 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
  • Compose texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Recognise some different types of literary texts and identify some characteristic features of literary texts, for example beginnings and endings of traditional texts and rhyme in poetry (ACELT1785 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Reading
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text structures

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Replicate the rhythms and sound patterns in stories, rhymes, songs and poems from a range of cultures (ACELT1579 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Intercultural Understanding

Recognising culture and developing respect
  • Explore and compare cultural knowledge, beliefs and practices

Interacting and empathising with others
  • Communicate across cultures

Literacy

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose texts
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Creating literature

Retell familiar literary texts through performance, use of illustrations and images (ACELT1580 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Visual Knowledge
  • Understand how visual elements create meaning

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Use language to interact with others
  • Compose texts
  • Deliver presentations
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

Critical and Creative Thinking

Reflecting on thinking and processes
  • Transfer knowledge into new contexts

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Organise and process information

Innovate on familiar texts through play (ACELT1831 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
  • Compose texts

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text structures

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Critical and Creative Thinking

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Consider alternatives

Reflecting on thinking and processes
  • Transfer knowledge into new contexts

Texts in context

Identify some familiar texts and the contexts in which they are used (ACELY1645 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Reading
Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Interacting with others

Listen to and respond orally to texts and to the communication of others in informal and structured classroom situations (ACELY1646 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose texts
  • Use language to interact with others
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Personal and Social Capability

Social management
  • Communicate effectively

Use interaction skills including listening while others speak, using appropriate voice levels, articulation and body language, gestures and eye contact (ACELY1784 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
  • Compose texts
  • Use language to interact with others

Visual Knowledge
  • Understand how visual elements create meaning

Personal and Social Capability

Self-management
  • Express emotions appropriately

Social management
  • Work collaboratively
  • Communicate effectively

Deliver short oral presentations to peers (ACELY1647 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
Personal and Social Capability

Self-management
  • Become confident, resilient and adaptable

Social management
  • Communicate effectively

Literacy

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Deliver presentations
  • Compose texts

Interpreting, analysing, evaluating

Identify some differences between imaginative and informative texts (ACELY1648 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Organise and process information
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Consider alternatives

Read decodable and predictable texts, practising phrasing and fluency, and monitor meaning using concepts about print and emerging contextual, semantic, grammatical and phonic knowledge (ACELY1649 - Scootle )
  • Reading
Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Use spelling knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of sentence structures

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

Use comprehension strategies to understand and discuss texts listened to, viewed or read independently (ACELY1650 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Personal and Social Capability

Self-management
  • Work independently and show initiative

Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose texts
  • Use language to interact with others
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas
  • Organise and process information

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Consider alternatives

Creating texts

Create short texts to explore, record and report ideas and events using familiar words and beginning writing knowledge (ACELY1651 - Scootle )
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Critical and Creative Thinking

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Imagine possibilities and connect ideas
  • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Organise and process information
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Literacy

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of words and word groups
  • Use knowledge of sentence structures

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text cohesion
  • Use knowledge of text structures

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary
  • Use spelling knowledge

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
  • Compose texts

Participate in shared editing of students’ own texts for meaning, spelling, capital letters and full stops (ACELY1652 - Scootle )
  • Writing
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary
  • Use spelling knowledge

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of sentence structures

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose texts
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Personal and Social Capability

Social management
  • Work collaboratively

Produce some lower case and upper case letters using learned letter formations (ACELY1653 - Scootle )
  • Writing
Literacy

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
  • Compose texts

Construct texts using software including word processing programs (ACELY1654 - Scootle )
  • Writing
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability

Creating with ICT
  • Generate ideas, plans and processes

Managing and operating ICT
  • Select and use hardware and software

Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

Literacy

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose texts
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text cohesion

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of sentence structures
  • Use knowledge of words and word groups

Word Knowledge
  • Use spelling knowledge


Foundation Year Achievement Standards

Receptive modes (listening, reading and viewing)

By the end of the Foundation year, students use predicting and questioning strategies to make meaning from texts. They recall one or two events from texts with familiar topics. They understand that there are different types of texts and that these can have similar characteristics. They identify connections between texts and their personal experience.

They read short, decodable and predictable texts with familiar vocabulary and supportive images, drawing on their developing knowledge of concepts of print, sounds and letters and decoding and self-monitoring strategies. They recognise the letters of the English alphabet, in upper and lower case and know and use the most common sounds represented by most letters. They read high-frequency words and blend sounds orally to read consonant-vowel-consonant words. They use appropriate interaction skills to listen and respond to others in a familiar environment. They listen for rhyme, letter patterns and sounds in words.

Productive modes (speaking, writing and creating)

Students understand that their texts can reflect their own experiences. They identify and describe likes and dislikes about familiar texts, objects, characters and events.

In informal group and whole class settings, students communicate clearly. They retell events and experiences with peers and known adults. They identify and use rhyme, and orally blend and segment sounds in words. When writing, students use familiar words and phrases and images to convey ideas. Their writing shows evidence of letter and sound knowledge, beginning writing behaviours and experimentation with capital letters and full stops. They correctly form known upper- and lower-case letters.


Foundation Year Work Sample Portfolios