English

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Rationale

The study of English is central to the learning and development of all young Australians. It helps create confident communicators, imaginative thinkers and informed citizens. It is through the study of English that individuals learn to analyse, understand, communicate and build relationships with others and with the world around them.

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Aims

The Australian Curriculum: English aims to ensure that students:

learn to listen to, read, view, speak, write, create and reflect on increasingly complex and sophisticated spoken, written and multimodal texts across a growing range of contexts with accuracy, fluency and purpose.

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Key ideas

Texts

Texts provide the means for communication. They can be written, spoken, visual, multimodal, and in print or digital/online forms. Multimodal texts combine language with other means of communication such as visual images, soundtrack or spoken words, as in film or computer presentation media.

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Structure

Strands, sub-strands and threads
The Australian Curriculum: English Foundation to Year 10 is organised into three interrelated strands that support students' growing understanding and use of Standard Australian English (English). Each strand interacts with and enriches the other strands in creative and flexible ways, the fabric of the curriculum being strengthened by the threads within each sub-strand.

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PDF documents

Resources and support materials for the Australian Curriculum: English are available as PDF documents. 
English: Sequence of content
English: Sequence of achievement 

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Glossary

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Year 5

Year 5 Level Description

The English curriculum is built around the three interrelated strands of language, literature and literacy. Teaching and learning programs should balance and integrate all three strands. Together, the strands focus on developing students’ knowledge, understanding and skills in listening, reading, viewing, speaking, writing and creating. Learning in English builds on concepts, skills and processes developed in earlier years, and teachers will revisit and strengthen these as needed.

In Years 5 and 6, students communicate with peers and teachers from other classes and schools, community members, and individuals and groups, in a range of face-to-face and online/virtual environments.

Students engage with a variety of texts for enjoyment. They listen to, read, view, interpret and evaluate spoken, written and multimodal texts in which the primary purpose is aesthetic, as well as texts designed to inform and persuade. These include various types of media texts including newspapers, film and digital texts, junior and early adolescent novels, poetry, non-fiction and dramatic performances.

The range of literary texts for Foundation to Year 10 comprises Australian literature, including the oral narrative traditions of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples, as well as the contemporary literature of these two cultural groups, and classic and contemporary world literature, including texts from and about Asia.

Literary texts that support and extend students in Years 5 and 6 as independent readers describe complex sequences, a range of non-stereotypical characters and elaborated events including flashbacks and shifts in time. These texts explore themes of interpersonal relationships and ethical dilemmas within real-world and fantasy settings. Informative texts supply technical and content information about a wide range of topics of interest as well as topics being studied in other areas of the curriculum. Text structures include chapters, headings and subheadings, tables of contents, indexes and glossaries. Language features include complex sentences, unfamiliar technical vocabulary, figurative language, and information presented in various types of graphics.

Students create a range of imaginative, informative and persuasive types of texts including narratives, procedures, performances, reports, reviews, explanations and discussions.


Year 5 Content Descriptions

Language variation and change

Understand that the pronunciation, spelling and meanings of words have histories and change over time (ACELA1500 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
  • recognising that a knowledge of word origins is not only interesting in its own right, but that it extends students’ knowledge of vocabulary and spelling
  • exploring examples of words in which pronunciation, writing and meaning has changed over time, including words from a range of cultures

Language for interaction

Understand that patterns of language interaction vary across social contexts and types of texts and that they help to signal social roles and relationships (ACELA1501 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
  • identifying ways in which cultures differ in making and responding to common requests, for example periods of silence, degrees of formality
Understand how to move beyond making bare assertions and take account of differing perspectives and points of view (ACELA1502 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
  • recognising that a bare assertion (for example 'It's the best film this year') often needs to be tempered by: using the 'impersonal it' to distance oneself (for example 'It could be that it is the best film this year'); recruiting anonymous support (for example 'It is generally agreed that it is the best film this year.'); indicating a general source of the opinion (for example 'Most critics agree that it is the best film this year.'); specifying the source of the opinion (for example 'David and Margaret both agree that it is the best film this year') and reflecting on the effect of these different choices

Text structure and organisation

Understand how texts vary in purpose, structure and topic as well as the degree of formality (ACELA1504 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
  • becoming familiar with the typical stages and language features of such text types as: narrative, procedure, exposition, explanation, discussion and informative text and how they can be composed and presented in written, digital and multimedia forms
Understand that the starting point of a sentence gives prominence to the message in the text and allows for prediction of how the text will unfold (ACELA1505 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
  • observing how writers use the beginning of a sentence to signal to the reader how the text is developing (for example 'Snakes are reptiles. They have scales and no legs. Many snakes are poisonous. However, in Australia they are protected')
Understand how the grammatical category of possessives is signalled through apostrophes and how to use apostrophes with common and proper nouns (ACELA1506 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Reading
  • learning that in Standard Australian English regular plural nouns ending in ‘s’ form the possessive by adding just the apostrophe, for example ‘my parents' car’
  • learning that in Standard Australian English for proper nouns the regular possessive form is always possible but a variant form without the second ‘s’ is sometimes found, for example ‘James’s house’ or ‘James’ house’
Investigate how the organisation of texts into chapters, headings, subheadings, home pages and sub pages for online texts and according to chronology or topic can be used to predict content and assist navigation (ACELA1797 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Reading

Expressing and developing ideas

Understand the difference between main and subordinate clauses and that a complex sentence involves at least one subordinate clause (ACELA1507 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
  • knowing that complex sentences make connections between ideas, such as: to provide a reason, for example 'He jumped up because the bell rang.'; to state a purpose, for example 'She raced home to confront her brother.'; to express a condition, for example 'It will break if you push it.'; to make a concession, for example 'She went to work even though she was not feeling well.'; to link two ideas in terms of various time relations, for example 'Nero fiddled while Rome burned.'
  • knowing that a complex sentence typically consists of a main clause and a subordinate clause
Understand how noun groups/phrases and adjective groups/phrases can be expanded in a variety of ways to provide a fuller description of the person, place, thing or idea (ACELA1508 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
  • learning how to expand a description by combining a related set of nouns and adjectives – ‘Two old brown cattle dogs sat on the ruined front veranda of the deserted house’
  • observing how descriptive details can be built up around a noun or an adjective, forming a group/phrase (for example, ‘this very smelly cleaning cloth in the sink’ is a noun group/phrase and ‘as pretty as the flowers in May’ is an adjective group/phrase)
Explain sequences of images in print texts and compare these to the ways hyperlinked digital texts are organised, explaining their effect on viewers’ interpretations (ACELA1511 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • interpreting narrative texts told as wordless picture books
  • identifying and comparing sequences of images revealed through different hyperlink choices
Understand the use of vocabulary to express greater precision of meaning, and know that words can have different meanings in different contexts (ACELA1512 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
  • moving from general, ‘all-purpose’ words, for example ‘cut’, to more specific words, for example ‘slice’, ‘dice’, ‘fillet’, ‘segment’

Phonics and word knowledge

Understand how to use knowledge of known words, base words, prefixes and suffixes, word origins, letter patterns and spelling generalisations to spell new words (ACELA1513 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Reading
  • talking about how suffixes change over time and new forms are invented to reflect changing attitudes to gender, for example 'policewoman' or 'salesperson'
  • using knowledge of known words and base words to spell new words, for example the spelling and meaning connections between ‘vision’, ‘television’ and ‘revision’
  • learning that many complex words were originally hyphenated but are now written without a hyphen, for example ‘uncommon, ‘renew’, ‘email’ and ‘refine’
  • applying knowledge of spelling generalisations to spell new words, for example ‘suitable’, ‘likeable’ and ‘collapsible’
Explore less common plurals, and understand how a suffix changes the meaning or grammatical form of a word (ACELA1514 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Reading
  • Using knowledge of word origins and roots and related words to interpret and spell unfamiliar words, and learning about how these roots impact on plurals, for example ‘cactus’ and ‘cacti’, ‘louse’ and ‘lice’
  • understanding how some suffixes change the grammatical form of words, for example ‘tion’ and ‘ment’ can change verbs into nouns, ‘protect’ to ‘protection’, ‘develop’ to ‘development’
Understand how to use phonic knowledge to read and write less familiar words that share common letter patterns but have different pronunciations  (ACELA1829 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Reading
  • recognising and writing less familiar words that share common letter patterns but have different pronunciations, for example ‘journey’, ‘your’, ‘tour’ and ‘sour’

Literature and context

Identify aspects of literary texts that convey details or information about particular social, cultural and historical contexts (ACELT1608 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
  • describing how aspects of literature, for example visuals, symbolic elements, dialogue and character descriptions, can convey information about cultural elements, such as beliefs, traditions and customs
  • identifying variability within cultural contexts in literary texts, recognising the diversity of people’s experiences within a cultural group such as differences in setting and lifestyle between urban and remote Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples
    • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures

Responding to literature

Present a point of view about particular literary texts using appropriate metalanguage, and reflecting on the viewpoints of others (ACELT1609 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
  • posing and discussing questions, such as ‘Should this character have behaved as they did?’, and beginning to make balanced judgments about the dilemmas characters face and relative merit and harm
Use metalanguage to describe the effects of ideas, text structures and language features on particular audiences (ACELT1795 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
  • orally, in writing or using digital media, giving a considered interpretation and opinion about a literary text, recognising that a student’s view may not be shared by others and that others have equal claims to divergent views

Examining literature

Recognise that ideas in literary texts can be conveyed from different viewpoints, which can lead to different kinds of interpretations and responses (ACELT1610 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
  • identifying the narrative voice (the person or entity through whom the audience experiences the story) in a literary work, discussing the impact of first person narration on empathy and engagement
  • examining texts written from different narrative points of view and discussing what information the audience can access, how this impacts on the audience’s sympathies, and why an author might choose a particular narrative point of view
  • examining the narrative voice in texts from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander traditions, which include perspectives of animals and spirits, about how we should care for the Earth, for example reflecting on how this affects significance, interpretation and response
    • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures
    • Sustainability
Understand, interpret and experiment with sound devices and imagery, including simile, metaphor and personification, in narratives, shape poetry, songs, anthems and odes (ACELT1611 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
  • discussing how figurative language including simile and metaphor can make use of a comparison between different things, for example ‘My love is like a red, red rose’; ‘Tyger!, Tyger! burning bright, In the forests of the night’; and how by appealing to the imagination, it provides new ways of looking at the world
  • investigating the qualities of contemporary protest songs, for example those about Indigenous peoples and those about the environment
    • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures
    • Sustainability

Creating literature

Create literary texts using realistic and fantasy settings and characters that draw on the worlds represented in texts students have experienced (ACELT1612 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Reading
  • using texts with computer-based graphics, animation and 2D qualities, consider how and why particular traits for a character have been chosen
Create literary texts that experiment with structures, ideas and stylistic features of selected authors (ACELT1798 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Reading
  • drawing upon fiction elements in a range of model texts - for example main idea, characterisation, setting (time and place), narrative point of view; and devices, for example figurative language (simile, metaphor, personification), as well as non-verbal conventions in digital and screen texts - in order to experiment with new, creative ways of communicating ideas, experiences and stories in literary texts

Texts in context

Show how ideas and points of view in texts are conveyed through the use of vocabulary, including idiomatic expressions, objective and subjective language, and that these can change according to context (ACELY1698 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
  • identifying the narrative voice (the person or entity through whom the audience experiences the story) in a literary work, discussing the impact of first person narration on empathy and engagement

Interacting with others

Clarify understanding of content as it unfolds in formal and informal situations, connecting ideas to students’ own experiences and present and justify a point of view (ACELY1699 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • asking specific questions to clarify a speaker’s meaning, making constructive comments that keep conversation moving, reviewing ideas expressed and conveying tentative conclusions
Use interaction skills, for example paraphrasing, questioning and interpreting non-verbal cues and choose vocabulary and vocal effects appropriate for different audiences and purposes (ACELY1796 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • participating in pair, group, class and school speaking and listening situations, including informal conversations, discussions and presentations
  • using effective strategies for dialogue and discussion including speaking clearly and to the point, pausing in appropriate places for others to respond, asking pertinent questions and linking students’ own responses to the contributions of others
  • choosing vocabulary and sentence structures for particular purposes including formal and informal contexts, to report and explain new concepts and topics, to offer a point of view and to persuade others
  • experimenting with voice effects in formal presentations such as tone, volume, pitch and pace, recognising the effects these have on audience understanding
Plan, rehearse and deliver presentations for defined audiences and purposes incorporating accurate and sequenced content and multimodal elements (ACELY1700 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Reading
  • planning a report on a topic, sequencing ideas logically and providing supporting detail, including graphics, sound and visuals to enhance audience engagement and understanding

Interpreting, analysing, evaluating

Identify and explain characteristic text structures and language features used in imaginative, informative and persuasive texts to meet the purpose of the text (ACELY1701 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
  • explaining how the features of a text advocating community action, for example action on a local area preservation issue, are used to meet the purpose of the text
    • Sustainability
Navigate and read texts for specific purposes applying appropriate text processing strategies, for example predicting and confirming, monitoring meaning, skimming and scanning (ACELY1702 - Scootle )
  • Reading
  • bringing subject and technical vocabulary and concept knowledge to new reading tasks
  • selecting and using texts for their pertinence to the task and the accuracy of their information
  • using word identification, self-monitoring and self-correcting strategies to access material on less familiar topics, skimming and scanning to check the pertinence of particular information to students’ topic and task
  • reading a wide range of imaginative, informative and persuasive texts for pleasure and to find and use information
Use comprehension strategies to analyse information, integrating and linking ideas from a variety of print and digital sources (ACELY1703 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
  • using research skills including identifying research purpose, locating texts, gathering and organising information, evaluating its relative value, and the accuracy and currency of print and digital sources and summarising information from several sources

Creating texts

Plan, draft and publish imaginative, informative and persuasive print and multimodal texts, choosing text structures, language features, images and sound appropriate to purpose and audience (ACELY1704 - Scootle )
  • Reading
  • using research from print and digital resources to gather and organise information for writing
  • selecting an appropriate text structure for the writing purpose and sequencing content according to that text structure, introducing the topic, and grouping related information in well-sequenced paragraphs with a concluding statement
  • using vocabulary, including technical vocabulary, appropriate to purpose and context
  • using paragraphs to present and sequence a text
  • using appropriate grammatical features, including more complex sentences and relevant verb tense, pronoun reference, adverb and noun groups/phrases for effective descriptions
Re-read and edit student’s own and others’ work using agreed criteria for text structures and language features (ACELY1705 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • editing for flow and sense, organisation of ideas and choice of language, revising and trying new approaches if an element is not having the desired impact
Develop a handwriting style that is becoming legible, fluent and automatic (ACELY1706 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • using handwriting with increasing fluency and legibility appropriate to a wide range of writing purposes
Use a range of software including word processing programs with fluency to construct, edit and publish written text, and select, edit and place visual, print and audio elements (ACELY1707 - Scootle )
  • Reading
  • writing letters in print and by email, composing with increasing fluency, accuracy and legibility and demonstrating understanding of what the audience may want to hear

Year 5 Achievement Standards

Receptive modes (listening, reading and viewing)

By the end of Year 5, students explain how text structures assist in understanding the text. They understand how language features, images and vocabulary influence interpretations of characters, settings and events.

When reading, they encounter and decode unfamiliar words using phonic, grammatical, semantic and contextual knowledge. They analyse and explain literal and implied information from a variety of texts. They describe how events, characters and settings in texts are depicted and explain their own responses to them. They listen and ask questions to clarify content.

Productive modes (speaking, writing and creating)

Students use language features to show how ideas can be extended. They develop and explain a point of view about a text, selecting information, ideas and images from a range of resources.

Students create imaginative, informative and persuasive texts for different purposes and audiences. They make presentations which include multimodal elements for defined purposes. They contribute actively to class and group discussions, taking into account other perspectives. When writing, they demonstrate understanding of grammar using a variety of sentence types. They select specific vocabulary and use accurate spelling and punctuation. They edit their work for cohesive structure and meaning.


Year 5 Work Sample Portfolios