English

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Rationale

The study of English is central to the learning and development of all young Australians. It helps create confident communicators, imaginative thinkers and informed citizens. It is through the study of English that individuals learn to analyse, understand, communicate and build relationships with others and with the world around them.

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Aims

The Australian Curriculum: English aims to ensure that students:

learn to listen to, read, view, speak, write, create and reflect on increasingly complex and sophisticated spoken, written and multimodal texts across a growing range of contexts with accuracy, fluency and purpose.

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Key ideas

Texts

Texts provide the means for communication. They can be written, spoken, visual, multimodal, and in print or digital/online forms. Multimodal texts combine language with other means of communication such as visual images, soundtrack or spoken words, as in film or computer presentation media.

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Structure

Strands, sub-strands and threads
The Australian Curriculum: English Foundation to Year 10 is organised into three interrelated strands that support students' growing understanding and use of Standard Australian English (English). Each strand interacts with and enriches the other strands in creative and flexible ways, the fabric of the curriculum being strengthened by the threads within each sub-strand.

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PDF documents

Resources and support materials for the Australian Curriculum: English are available as PDF documents. 
English: Sequence of content
English: Sequence of achievement 

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Glossary

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Foundation Year

Foundation Year Level Description

The English curriculum is built around the three interrelated strands of language, literature and literacy. Teaching and learning programs should balance and integrate all three strands. Together, the three strands focus on developing students’ knowledge, understanding and skills in listening, reading, viewing, speaking, writing and creating. Learning in English builds on concepts, skills and processes developed in earlier years, and teachers will develop and strengthen these as needed.

In the Foundation year, students communicate with peers, teachers, known adults and students from other classes.

Students engage with a variety of texts for enjoyment. They listen to, read and view spoken, written and multimodal texts in which the primary purpose is to entertain, as well as some texts designed to inform. These include traditional oral texts, picture books, various types of stories, rhyming verse, poetry, non-fiction, film, multimodal texts and dramatic performances. They participate in shared reading, viewing and storytelling using a range of literary texts, and recognise the entertaining nature of literature.

The range of literary texts for Foundation to Year 10 comprises Australian literature, including the oral narrative traditions of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples, as well as the contemporary literature of these two cultural groups, and classic and contemporary world literature, including texts from and about Asia. Literary texts that support and extend Foundation students as beginner readers include decodable and predictable texts that range from caption books to books with one or more sentences per page. These texts involve straightforward sequences of events and everyday happenings with recognisable, realistic or imaginary characters. Informative texts present a small amount of new content about familiar topics of interest; a small range of language features, including simple and compound sentences; mostly familiar vocabulary, known, high-frequency words and single-syllable words that can be decoded phonically, and illustrations that strongly support the printed text.

Students create a range of imaginative, informative and persuasive texts including pictorial representations, short statements, performances, recounts and poetry.


Foundation Year Content Descriptions

Language variation and change

Understand that English is one of many languages spoken in Australia and that different languages may be spoken by family, classmates and community (ACELA1426 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
Intercultural Understanding

Recognising culture and developing respect
  • Develop respect for cultural diversity
  • Investigate culture and cultural identity

Interacting and empathising with others
  • Communicate across cultures

Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

  • learning that different languages exist; discussing the various languages encountered in the community and at school; acknowledging the home languages of students who speak another language, and valuing the ability to speak more than one language
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

    Intercultural Understanding

    Recognising culture and developing respect
    • Investigate culture and cultural identity
    • Develop respect for cultural diversity

    Interacting and empathising with others
    • Communicate across cultures

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

  • recognising that some texts can include both Standard Australian English and elements of other languages including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages
    • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

    Intercultural Understanding

    Recognising culture and developing respect
    • Develop respect for cultural diversity
    • Investigate culture and cultural identity

    Interacting and empathising with others
    • Communicate across cultures

Language for interaction

Explore how language is used differently at home and school depending on the relationships between people (ACELA1428 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
Personal and Social Capability

Social management
  • Communicate effectively

Social awareness
  • Understand relationships

Self-management
  • Express emotions appropriately

Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Use language to interact with others

Intercultural Understanding

Recognising culture and developing respect
  • Investigate culture and cultural identity

  • learning that language varies according to the relationships between people, for example between parent and child, teacher and student, siblings, friends, shopkeepers and customers
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social awareness
    • Understand relationships

    Intercultural Understanding

    Recognising culture and developing respect
    • Investigate culture and cultural identity

    Interacting and empathising with others
    • Communicate across cultures

  • learning that we use a different tone and style of language with different people
    Personal and Social Capability

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively

    Social awareness
    • Understand relationships

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Literacy

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

  • learning to ask relevant questions and to express requests and opinions in ways that suit different contexts
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Pose questions

    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

    Grammar knowledge
    • Express opinion and point of view

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively

    Social awareness
    • Understand relationships

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately

    Ethical Understanding

    Reasoning in decision making and actions
    • Reflect on ethical action

Understand that language can be used to explore ways of expressing needs, likes and dislikes (ACELA1429 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose texts
  • Use language to interact with others
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Grammar knowledge
  • Express opinion and point of view

Personal and Social Capability

Self-awareness
  • Recognise emotions
  • Recognise personal qualities and achievements

Self-management
  • Express emotions appropriately

Ethical Understanding

Reasoning in decision making and actions
  • Reflect on ethical action

  • recognising some of the ways we can use speech, gesture, writing and media to communicate feelings
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately

    Literacy

    Text knowledge
    • Use knowledge of text structures

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

    Visual Knowledge
    • Understand how visual elements create meaning

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

  • recognising some of the ways emotions and feelings can be conveyed and influenced by visual representations, for example in advertising and animations
    Literacy

    Visual Knowledge
    • Understand how visual elements create meaning

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

    Text knowledge
    • Use knowledge of text structures

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately

    Self-awareness
    • Recognise emotions

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively

Text structure and organisation

Understand that texts can take many forms, can be very short (for example an exit sign) or quite long (for example an information book or a film) and that stories and informative texts have different purposes (ACELA1430 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text structures

  • sharing experiences of different texts and discussing some differences
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Text knowledge
    • Use knowledge of text structures

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

  • discussing the purpose of texts, for example ‘This text will tell a story’, ‘This text will give information’
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Literacy

    Text knowledge
    • Use knowledge of text structures

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

  • repeating parts of texts, for example characteristic refrains, predicting cumulative storylines, reciting poetic and rhyming phrases
    Literacy

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Grammar knowledge
    • Express opinion and point of view

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

    Text knowledge
    • Use knowledge of text structures

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Pose questions

Understand that some language in written texts is unlike everyday spoken language (ACELA1431 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text cohesion
  • Use knowledge of text structures

  • learning that written text in Standard Australian English has conventions about words, spaces between words, layout on the page and consistent spelling because it has to communicate when the speaker/writer is not present
    Literacy

    Text knowledge
    • Use knowledge of text structures

    Word Knowledge
    • Use spelling knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Understand that punctuation is a feature of written text different from letters; recognise how capital letters are used for names, and that capital letters and full stops signal the beginning and end of sentences (ACELA1432 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Reading
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of sentence structures
  • Use knowledge of words and word groups

  • pointing to the letters and the punctuation in a text
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Grammar knowledge
    • Use knowledge of sentence structures
    • Use knowledge of words and word groups

  • commenting on punctuation encountered in the everyday texts, for example ‘That’s the letter that starts my name’, ‘The name of my family and my town has a capital letter’
    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Text knowledge
    • Use knowledge of text structures

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately

Understand concepts about print and screen, including how books, film and simple digital texts work, and know some features of print, for example directionality (ACELA1433 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Reading
Literacy

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text structures

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Visual Knowledge
  • Understand how visual elements create meaning

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability

Investigating with ICT
  • Select and evaluate data and information

Communicating with ICT
  • Understand computer mediated communications

  • learning about print: direction of print and return sweep, spaces between words
    Literacy

    Text knowledge
    • Use knowledge of text structures

    Visual Knowledge
    • Understand how visual elements create meaning

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

  • learning that Standard Australian English in written texts is read from left to right and from top to bottom of the page and that direction of print may differ in other cultures, for example Japanese texts
    Literacy

    Text knowledge
    • Use knowledge of text structures

    Intercultural Understanding

    Recognising culture and developing respect
    • Explore and compare cultural knowledge, beliefs and practices

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

  • learning about front and back covers; title and author, layout and navigation of digital/screen texts
    Literacy

    Visual Knowledge
    • Understand how visual elements create meaning

    Text knowledge
    • Use knowledge of text structures

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

  • learning about simple functions of keyboard and mouse including typing letters, scrolling, selecting icons and drop-down menu
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

    Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability

    Managing and operating ICT
    • Select and use hardware and software

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Expressing and developing ideas

Recognise that sentences are key units for expressing ideas (ACELA1435 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of sentence structures

  • learning that word order in sentences is important for meaning (for example 'The boy sat on the dog', 'The dog sat on the boy')
    Literacy

    Grammar knowledge
    • Use knowledge of sentence structures

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

  • creating students' own written texts and reading aloud to the teacher and others
    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
    • Use language to interact with others

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Imagine possibilities and connect ideas

Recognise that texts are made up of words and groups of words that make meaning (ACELA1434 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of words and word groups

  • exploring spoken, written and multimodal texts and identifying elements, for example words and images
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

    Grammar knowledge
    • Use knowledge of sentence structures

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Visual Knowledge
    • Understand how visual elements create meaning

    Text knowledge
    • Use knowledge of text structures

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Explore the different contribution of words and images to meaning in stories and informative texts (ACELA1786 - Scootle )
  • Reading
Critical and Creative Thinking

Analysing, synthesising and evaluating reasoning and procedures
  • Apply logic and reasoning

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Consider alternatives

Literacy

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of words and word groups

Visual Knowledge
  • Understand how visual elements create meaning

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

  • talking about how a ‘different’ story is told if we read only the words, or only the pictures; and the story that words and pictures make when combined
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Pose questions

    Literacy

    Visual Knowledge
    • Understand how visual elements create meaning

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

    Grammar knowledge
    • Use knowledge of words and word groups

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

  • exploring how the combination of print and images in texts creates meaning
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Literacy

    Visual Knowledge
    • Understand how visual elements create meaning

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

Understand the use of vocabulary in familiar contexts related to everyday experiences, personal interests and topics taught at school (ACELA1437 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Personal and Social Capability

Self-awareness
  • Recognise personal qualities and achievements

Social management
  • Communicate effectively

Self-management
  • Express emotions appropriately

  • building vocabulary through multiple speaking and listening experiences
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Literacy

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
    • Use language to interact with others

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

  • discussing new vocabulary found in texts
    Literacy

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary
    • Use spelling knowledge

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

  • bringing vocabulary from personal experiences, relating this to new experiences and building a vocabulary for thinking and talking about school topics
    Literacy

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary
    • Use spelling knowledge

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Reflecting on thinking and processes
    • Transfer knowledge into new contexts

    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately

    Self-awareness
    • Recognise personal qualities and achievements

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively

Phonics and word knowledge

Recognise and generate rhyming words, alliteration patterns, syllables and sounds (phonemes) in spoken words (ACELA1439 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary
  • Use spelling knowledge

  • recognising and producing rhyming words when listening to rhyming stories or rhymes, for example ’funny’ and ’money’
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

  • identifying patterns of alliteration in spoken words, for example 'helpful Henry'
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

  • identifying syllables in spoken words, for example clapping the rhythm of ‘Mon-day’, ‘Ja-cob’ or ‘Si-en-na’
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

Recognise and name all upper and lower case letters (graphemes) and know the most common sound that each letter represents (ACELA1440 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Reading
Literacy

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of sentence structures
  • Use knowledge of words and word groups

Word Knowledge
  • Use spelling knowledge

  • using familiar and common letters in handwritten and digital communications
    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose texts

  • identifying familiar and recurring letters and the use of upper and lower case in written texts in the classroom and the community, for example 'Tom went to the park.'
    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose texts

Understand how to use knowledge of letters and sounds including onset and rime to spell words (ACELA1438 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Reading
Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Use spelling knowledge

  • recognising the most common sound made by each letter of the alphabet, including consonants and short vowel sounds, for example ‘p-op’
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

  • breaking words into onset and rime, noticing words that share the same pattern, for example ‘p-at’, ‘b-at’
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

  • breaking words into onset and rime to learn how to spell words that share the same pattern, for example ‘p-at’, ‘b-at’, ‘t-all’ and ‘f-all’
    Literacy

    Word Knowledge
    • Use spelling knowledge

  • building word families using onset and rime, for example ‘h-ot’, ‘g-ot’, ‘n-ot’, ‘sh-ot’
    Literacy

    Word Knowledge
    • Use spelling knowledge

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

Know how to read and write some high-frequency words and other familiar words (ACELA1817 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Reading
Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Use spelling knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
  • Compose texts

  • knowing how to write some high-frequency words recognised in shared texts and texts being read independently, for example ‘and’, ‘my’, ‘is’, ‘the’ and ‘went’
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Use spelling knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

  • knowing how to write students’ own names and those of other familiar people
    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

Understand that words are units of meaning and can be made of more than one meaningful part (ACELA1818 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of words and word groups

  • learning that words are made up of meaningful parts, for example ’dogs’ has two meaningful parts ’dog’ and ’s’ meaning more than one
    Literacy

    Word Knowledge
    • Use spelling knowledge

Segment sentences into individual words and orally blend and segment onset and rime in single syllable spoken words, and isolate, blend and manipulate phonemes in single syllable words (ACELA1819 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
Literacy

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose texts
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of sentence structures

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

  • identifying and manipulating sounds (phonemes) in spoken words, for example ‘c-a-n’
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

  • identifying onset and rime in one-syllable spoken words, for example ‘d-og’ and ‘b-ig’
    Literacy

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

  • blending phonemes to form one-syllable spoken words, for example ‘s-u-n’ is orally expressed as ‘sun’ and ‘b-a-g’ is orally expressed as ‘bag’
    Literacy

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Write consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) words by representing some sounds with the appropriate letters, and blend sounds associated with letters when reading CVC words (ACELA1820 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary
  • Use spelling knowledge

  • listening to hear that children use letters/sounds (when necessary) to help them read CVC words and hear and record appropriate sounds associated with letters when writing CVC words, for example ‘kat’ for ‘cat’
    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

Literature and context

Recognise that texts are created by authors who tell stories and share experiences that may be similar or different to students’ own experiences (ACELT1575 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
Personal and Social Capability

Self-awareness
  • Recognise personal qualities and achievements
  • Understand themselves as learners

Social awareness
  • Appreciate diverse perspectives

Ethical Understanding

Exploring values, rights and responsibilities
  • Consider points of view

Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

  • recognising that there are storytellers in all cultures
    Intercultural Understanding

    Recognising culture and developing respect
    • Develop respect for cultural diversity
    • Explore and compare cultural knowledge, beliefs and practices

    Interacting and empathising with others
    • Communicate across cultures

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

  • viewing stories by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander storytellers from online sources
    • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Intercultural Understanding

    Recognising culture and developing respect
    • Explore and compare cultural knowledge, beliefs and practices

    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

    Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability

    Investigating with ICT
    • Locate, generate and access data and information

  • comparing experiences depicted in stories with students’ own
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives

    Self-awareness
    • Recognise personal qualities and achievements

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Consider alternatives

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

  • engaging with texts that reflect the social and cultural groups to which students belong
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Intercultural Understanding

    Recognising culture and developing respect
    • Investigate culture and cultural identity

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives

    Self-awareness
    • Recognise personal qualities and achievements

    Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability

    Managing and operating ICT
    • Select and use hardware and software

Responding to literature

Respond to texts, identifying favourite stories, authors and illustrators (ACELT1577 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
Literacy

Visual Knowledge
  • Understand how visual elements create meaning

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Personal and Social Capability

Self-awareness
  • Recognise personal qualities and achievements
  • Develop reflective practice

Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

  • talking about stories and authors, choosing favourites, discussing how students feel about what happens in stories
    Ethical Understanding

    Reasoning in decision making and actions
    • Reason and make ethical decisions

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively

    Self-awareness
    • Develop reflective practice
    • Recognise personal qualities and achievements

    Literacy

    Grammar knowledge
    • Express opinion and point of view

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Consider alternatives

  • engaging with the humour in some stories and repeating favourite lines, jokes and ideas
    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

  • returning to preferred texts and commenting on reasons for selection
    Literacy

    Grammar knowledge
    • Express opinion and point of view

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Share feelings and thoughts about the events and characters in texts (ACELT1783 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Use language to interact with others
  • Compose texts

Grammar knowledge
  • Express opinion and point of view

Personal and Social Capability

Self-awareness
  • Recognise personal qualities and achievements
  • Understand themselves as learners

Social management
  • Negotiate and resolve conflict
  • Communicate effectively

  • talking about stories and authors, choosing favourites, discussing how students feel about what happens in stories
    Literacy

    Grammar knowledge
    • Express opinion and point of view

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Recognise personal qualities and achievements
    • Develop reflective practice

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Consider alternatives

  • using art forms and beginning forms of writing to express personal responses to literature and film experiences
    Personal and Social Capability

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively

    Self-awareness
    • Recognise personal qualities and achievements
    • Understand themselves as learners

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

    Visual Knowledge
    • Understand how visual elements create meaning

    Grammar knowledge
    • Express opinion and point of view

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

  • talking about people, events and ideas in texts, enabling students to connect them to their own experiences and to express their own opinions about what is depicted
    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-awareness
    • Understand themselves as learners
    • Recognise personal qualities and achievements

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively

    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

    Grammar knowledge
    • Express opinion and point of view

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Ethical Understanding

    Exploring values, rights and responsibilities
    • Consider points of view

Examining literature

Identify some features of texts including events and characters and retell events from a text (ACELT1578 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
  • Compose texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

  • identifying some features of culture related to characters and events in literary texts, for example dress, food and daily routines
    Intercultural Understanding

    Recognising culture and developing respect
    • Develop respect for cultural diversity
    • Explore and compare cultural knowledge, beliefs and practices

    Interacting and empathising with others
    • Consider and develop multiple perspectives

    Ethical Understanding

    Reasoning in decision making and actions
    • Reason and make ethical decisions

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

  • listening, responding to and joining in with rhymes, poems, chants and songs
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

Recognise some different types of literary texts and identify some characteristic features of literary texts, for example beginnings and endings of traditional texts and rhyme in poetry (ACELT1785 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Reading
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text structures

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

  • recognising cultural patterns of storytelling, for example ‘Once upon a time’, ‘A long, long time ago’
    Intercultural Understanding

    Recognising culture and developing respect
    • Explore and compare cultural knowledge, beliefs and practices
    • Develop respect for cultural diversity

    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Replicate the rhythms and sound patterns in stories, rhymes, songs and poems from a range of cultures (ACELT1579 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Intercultural Understanding

Recognising culture and developing respect
  • Explore and compare cultural knowledge, beliefs and practices

Interacting and empathising with others
  • Communicate across cultures

Literacy

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose texts
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

  • using music and actions to enhance appreciation of rhymes, poems, chants and songs
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Consider alternatives

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

  • reciting rhymes with actions
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

Creating literature

Retell familiar literary texts through performance, use of illustrations and images (ACELT1580 - Scootle )
  • Writing
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Visual Knowledge
  • Understand how visual elements create meaning

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Use language to interact with others
  • Compose texts
  • Deliver presentations
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

Critical and Creative Thinking

Reflecting on thinking and processes
  • Transfer knowledge into new contexts

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Organise and process information

  • drawing, labelling and role playing representations of characters or events
    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others
    • Deliver presentations
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

  • reciting rhymes with actions
    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Deliver presentations
    • Use language to interact with others

  • using digital technologies to retell events and recreate characters from favourite print and film texts
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

    Visual Knowledge
    • Understand how visual elements create meaning

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
    • Use language to interact with others

    Text knowledge
    • Use knowledge of text structures

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Consider alternatives

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability

    Creating with ICT
    • Generate solutions to challenges and learning area tasks

    Communicating with ICT
    • Collaborate, share and exchange

Innovate on familiar texts through play (ACELT1831 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
  • Compose texts

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text structures

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Critical and Creative Thinking

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Consider alternatives

Reflecting on thinking and processes
  • Transfer knowledge into new contexts

  • performing memorable actions or behaviours of favourite or humorous characters in texts
    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Deliver presentations
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
    • Use language to interact with others

Texts in context

Identify some familiar texts and the contexts in which they are used (ACELY1645 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Reading
Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

  • recognising the meaning of symbols in everyday contexts, for example exit signs, logos, hearts and flowers on greeting cards
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

    Visual Knowledge
    • Understand how visual elements create meaning

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Interacting with others

Listen to and respond orally to texts and to the communication of others in informal and structured classroom situations (ACELY1646 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose texts
  • Use language to interact with others
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Personal and Social Capability

Social management
  • Communicate effectively

  • listening to, remembering and following simple instructions
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

  • sequencing ideas in spoken texts, retelling well known stories, retelling stories with picture cues, retelling information using story maps
    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
    • Use language to interact with others

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Visual Knowledge
    • Understand how visual elements create meaning

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

  • listening for specific things, for example the main idea of a short statement, the details of a story, or to answer a given question
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

  • participating in informal situations, for example play-based experiences which involve the imaginative use of spoken language
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

  • participating in class, group and pair discussions about shared experiences including shared texts
    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively
    • Work collaboratively

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

  • asking and answering questions to clarify understanding
    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Pose questions
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Use interaction skills including listening while others speak, using appropriate voice levels, articulation and body language, gestures and eye contact (ACELY1784 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
  • Compose texts
  • Use language to interact with others

Visual Knowledge
  • Understand how visual elements create meaning

Personal and Social Capability

Self-management
  • Express emotions appropriately

Social management
  • Work collaboratively
  • Communicate effectively

  • learning how to use different voice levels appropriate to a situation, for example learning about ‘inside voices’ and ‘outside voices’
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively

  • learning to ask questions and provide answers that are more than one or two words
    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Pose questions

  • participating in speaking and listening situations, exchanging ideas with peers in pairs and small groups and engaging in class discussions, listening to others and contributing ideas
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively
    • Work collaboratively

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately

    Literacy

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

  • showing understanding of appropriate listening behaviour, such as listening without interrupting, and looking at the speaker if culturally appropriate
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

  • listening and responding to oral and multimodal texts including rhymes and poems, texts read aloud and various types of digital texts
    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

    Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability

    Communicating with ICT
    • Collaborate, share and exchange
    • Understand computer mediated communications

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

  • engaging in conversations with peers and adults in home language or dialect
    Personal and Social Capability

    Social management
    • Work collaboratively
    • Communicate effectively

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives

    Intercultural Understanding

    Interacting and empathising with others
    • Communicate across cultures

    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

  • asking and answering questions using appropriate intonation
    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Pose questions

  • speaking so that the student can be heard and understood
    Literacy

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively

  • altering volume for inside and outside situations and when speaking to an audience
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Imagine possibilities and connect ideas
    • Consider alternatives

    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Deliver presentations
    • Use language to interact with others

Deliver short oral presentations to peers (ACELY1647 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
Personal and Social Capability

Self-management
  • Become confident, resilient and adaptable

Social management
  • Communicate effectively

Literacy

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Deliver presentations
  • Compose texts

  • sharing a personal experience, interest or discovery with peers in a semi-formal situation
    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Deliver presentations
    • Use language to interact with others

    Personal and Social Capability

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively

    Self-awareness
    • Understand themselves as learners

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

  • using visual cues to practise staying on topic
    Literacy

    Visual Knowledge
    • Understand how visual elements create meaning

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Deliver presentations
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

Interpreting, analysing, evaluating

Identify some differences between imaginative and informative texts (ACELY1648 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Organise and process information
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Consider alternatives

  • talking about what is ‘real’ and what is imagined in texts
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

  • identifying and selecting texts for information purposes and commenting on how the text might help with a task
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Consider alternatives

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

Read decodable and predictable texts, practising phrasing and fluency, and monitor meaning using concepts about print and emerging contextual, semantic, grammatical and phonic knowledge (ACELY1649 - Scootle )
  • Reading
Literacy

Word Knowledge
  • Use spelling knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of sentence structures

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

  • navigating a text correctly, starting at the right place and reading in the right direction, returning to the next line as needed, matching one spoken word to one written word
    Literacy

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Grammar knowledge
    • Use knowledge of sentence structures

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

  • reading aloud with attempts at fluency and intonation
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

  • attempting to work out unknown words by combining contextual, semantic, grammatical and phonic knowledge
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

    Literacy

    Grammar knowledge
    • Use knowledge of sentence structures

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary
    • Use spelling knowledge

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

  • predicting what might happen on the basis of experience of this kind of text; at the sentence level predicting the meaning on the basis of syntax and word meaning
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Pose questions

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

    Literacy

    Grammar knowledge
    • Use knowledge of words and word groups
    • Use knowledge of sentence structures

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

Use comprehension strategies to understand and discuss texts listened to, viewed or read independently (ACELY1650 - Scootle )
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Personal and Social Capability

Self-management
  • Work independently and show initiative

Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Comprehend texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts
  • Listen and respond to learning area texts
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose texts
  • Use language to interact with others
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary

Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas
  • Organise and process information

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Consider alternatives

  • talking about the meanings in texts listened to, viewed and read
    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

  • visualising elements in a text (for example drawing an event or character from a text read aloud)
    Literacy

    Text knowledge
    • Use knowledge of text cohesion

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Visual Knowledge
    • Understand how visual elements create meaning

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Imagine possibilities and connect ideas

  • providing a simple, correctly-sequenced retelling of narrative texts
    Literacy

    Text knowledge
    • Use knowledge of text structures
    • Use knowledge of text cohesion

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

  • relating one or two key facts from informative texts
    Literacy

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Consider alternatives

  • finding a key word in a text to answer a literal question
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Pose questions

    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

  • making links between events in a text and students’ own experiences
    Literacy

    Text knowledge
    • Use knowledge of text cohesion

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately

    Self-awareness
    • Understand themselves as learners

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Reflecting on thinking and processes
    • Transfer knowledge into new contexts

  • making an inference about a character's feelings
    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Pose questions

    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-management
    • Express emotions appropriately

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives

    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

    Grammar knowledge
    • Express opinion and point of view

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

  • discussing and sequencing events in stories
    Personal and Social Capability

    Social awareness
    • Appreciate diverse perspectives

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively

    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary

    Text knowledge
    • Use knowledge of text cohesion

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

  • drawing events in sequence, recognising that for some Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander stories the sequence of events may be cyclical
    • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures
    Intercultural Understanding

    Recognising culture and developing respect
    • Explore and compare cultural knowledge, beliefs and practices

    Literacy

    Text knowledge
    • Use knowledge of text structures

    Visual Knowledge
    • Understand how visual elements create meaning

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

Creating texts

Create short texts to explore, record and report ideas and events using familiar words and beginning writing knowledge (ACELY1651 - Scootle )
  • Speaking
  • Reading
Critical and Creative Thinking

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Imagine possibilities and connect ideas
  • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Organise and process information
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Literacy

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of words and word groups
  • Use knowledge of sentence structures

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text cohesion
  • Use knowledge of text structures

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary
  • Use spelling knowledge

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
  • Compose texts

  • using image-making and beginning writing to represent characters and events in written, film and web-based texts
    Literacy

    Word Knowledge
    • Use spelling knowledge

    Grammar knowledge
    • Use knowledge of sentence structures

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

    Visual Knowledge
    • Understand how visual elements create meaning

    Text knowledge
    • Use knowledge of text cohesion

    Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability

    Creating with ICT
    • Generate solutions to challenges and learning area tasks

    Communicating with ICT
    • Collaborate, share and exchange

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

  • using speaking, writing and drawing to represent and communicate personal responses to ideas and events experienced through texts
    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Listen and respond to learning area texts

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Use language to interact with others
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

    Visual Knowledge
    • Understand how visual elements create meaning

    Personal and Social Capability

    Self-management
    • Become confident, resilient and adaptable

    Social management
    • Communicate effectively

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Organise and process information
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

  • creating short spoken, written and multimodal observations, recounts and descriptions, extending vocabulary and including some content-specific words in spoken and written texts
    Literacy

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

    Visual Knowledge
    • Understand how visual elements create meaning

    Grammar knowledge
    • Use knowledge of words and word groups

    Word Knowledge
    • Understand learning area vocabulary
    • Use spelling knowledge

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action
    • Imagine possibilities and connect ideas

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

  • using beginning concepts about print, sound–letter and word knowledge and punctuation to create short texts
    Literacy

    Text knowledge
    • Use knowledge of text cohesion
    • Use knowledge of text structures

    Grammar knowledge
    • Use knowledge of sentence structures
    • Use knowledge of words and word groups

    Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
    • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

    Word Knowledge
    • Use spelling knowledge

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas
    • Organise and process information

    Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
    • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

Participate in shared editing of students’ own texts for meaning, spelling, capital letters and full stops (ACELY1652 - Scootle )
  • Writing
Literacy

Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
  • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
  • Comprehend texts
  • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

Word Knowledge
  • Understand learning area vocabulary
  • Use spelling knowledge

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of sentence structures

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose texts
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Personal and Social Capability

Social management
  • Work collaboratively

  • rereading collaboratively developed texts to check that they communicate what the authors intended
    Personal and Social Capability

    Social management
    • Work collaboratively

    Critical and Creative Thinking

    Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
    • Identify and clarify information and ideas

    Literacy

    Comprehending texts through listening, reading and viewing
    • Navigate, read and view learning area texts
    • Interpret and analyse learning area texts

Produce some lower case and upper case letters using learned letter formations (ACELY1653 - Scootle )
  • Writing
Literacy

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts
  • Compose texts

  • adopting correct posture and pencil grip
  • learning to produce simple handwriting movements
  • following clear demonstrations of how to construct each letter (for example where to start; which direction to write)
  • learning to construct lower case letters and to combine these into words
  • learning to construct some upper case letters
Construct texts using software including word processing programs (ACELY1654 - Scootle )
  • Writing
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability

Creating with ICT
  • Generate ideas, plans and processes

Managing and operating ICT
  • Select and use hardware and software

Critical and Creative Thinking

Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas
  • Identify and clarify information and ideas

Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
  • Seek solutions and put ideas into action

Literacy

Composing texts through speaking, writing and creating
  • Compose texts
  • Compose spoken, written, visual and multimodal learning area texts

Text knowledge
  • Use knowledge of text cohesion

Grammar knowledge
  • Use knowledge of sentence structures
  • Use knowledge of words and word groups

Word Knowledge
  • Use spelling knowledge

  • using simple functions of keyboard and mouse including typing letters, scrolling, selecting icons and drop-down menu
    Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability

    Managing and operating ICT
    • Select and use hardware and software


Foundation Year Achievement Standards

Receptive modes (listening, reading and viewing)

By the end of the Foundation year, students use predicting and questioning strategies to make meaning from texts. They recall one or two events from texts with familiar topics. They understand that there are different types of texts and that these can have similar characteristics. They identify connections between texts and their personal experience.

They read short, decodable and predictable texts with familiar vocabulary and supportive images, drawing on their developing knowledge of concepts of print, sounds and letters and decoding and self-monitoring strategies. They recognise the letters of the English alphabet, in upper and lower case and know and use the most common sounds represented by most letters. They read high-frequency words and blend sounds orally to read consonant-vowel-consonant words. They use appropriate interaction skills to listen and respond to others in a familiar environment. They listen for rhyme, letter patterns and sounds in words.

Productive modes (speaking, writing and creating)

Students understand that their texts can reflect their own experiences. They identify and describe likes and dislikes about familiar texts, objects, characters and events.

In informal group and whole class settings, students communicate clearly. They retell events and experiences with peers and known adults. They identify and use rhyme, and orally blend and segment sounds in words. When writing, students use familiar words and phrases and images to convey ideas. Their writing shows evidence of letter and sound knowledge, beginning writing behaviours and experimentation with capital letters and full stops. They correctly form known upper- and lower-case letters.


Foundation Year Work Sample Portfolios